Ssm Theology Week 4
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Ssm Theology Week 4 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ―Theology‖ SESSION FOUR: GOD (THEOLOGY PROPER) DOES GOD EXIST?
  • 2. The Meaning of Doctrine. WORDS MEANING USAGE Old Testament: Lekah What is received; the message Deut 32:2 Job 11:4; Prov 4:2 Shemuah What is heard Isa 28:9 Musar Discipline Jer 10:8 New Testament: Didarkalia The art of teaching 1 Tim 4:13-16; 2 Tim 3:10-16 & what is taught Matt 15:9; 2 Tim 4:3 Didache Teaching Rom 16:1 English: Doctrina, Docco To teach (both the act of Doctor, Luke 2:46; 5:17; Acts teaching and the subject taught) 5:34 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 2
  • 3. Three Types of Teachers. TYPE EXAMPLE & CHARACTERISTICS Legalistic Pharisees A compact, definite body of teaching made of fixed traditions. Humanly conceived doctrines revered by religious rulers. Christ rejected them, Matt 15:9. Realistic Christ Unconventional, occasional, discursive, unsystematic. It arose from experience and was powered by his personality. The people were astonished and the lawyers fought it, Matt 7:28; 22:33. Evangelistic The Apostles and Us Gathering the salient features of the Bible’s teaching, proclaiming them to others through evangelism, and teaching them to others through discipleship. Known as the apostle’s doctrine, not church dogma, Acts 2:42. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 3
  • 4. Thesis: • The greatest need of the church in the Laodicean age is for sound doctrine on a realistic level through evangelistic teachers. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 4
  • 5. CREATURES WHO DENY THEIR CREATOR • The atheist says there is no God • The agnostic says he cannot tell if there is a God • The materialist brags he does not need a God • The fool wishes there were no God SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 5
  • 6. Point 1. • Sin temporarily eclipses our vision of God. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 6
  • 7. 1. THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS • The First Law—matter and energy can neither be created nor destroyed SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 7
  • 8. 1. THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS • The First Law—matter and energy can neither be created nor destroyed • The Second Law—the contents of our universe are less ordered and more random with time SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 8
  • 9. Three Inescapable Truths 1) The universe must have had a beginning 2) The universe must have had a highly ordered beginning 3) The universe could not have begun itself 9
  • 10. Worldwide Web of Pointers to God 1. THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS 2. EINSTEIN’S GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 10
  • 11. Point 2. • The equations of general relativity show how the universe cannot be static, it has to be expanding or contracting. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 11
  • 12. Point 3. • God is the only cosmological constant there is—not time—and everything else is relative to God. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 12
  • 13. Worldwide Web of Pointers to God 1. THE LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS 2. EINSTEIN’S GENERAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY 3. ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATIONS SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 13
  • 14. Point 4. • You can’t have an origin without an originator. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 14
  • 15. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 1) Logic demands a cause for every effect SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 15
  • 16. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 1) Logic demands a cause for every effect 2) The universe is an effect which scientifically demands a very great cause SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 16
  • 17. Point 5. • The fact that we time-bound creatures cannot picture with our minds how a creator can live outside of a time- space continuum does not remove our need for him. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 17
  • 18. Definition: • If you do not transcend God above the time-space continuum, then you do not have God, because God defines himself as a self-existing entity. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 18
  • 19. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 1) Logic demands a cause for every effect 2) The universe is an effect which scientifically demands a very great cause 3) The first cause must be independent of its effects SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 19
  • 20. Point 6. • Scientific discoveries of the last century about the universe show us that it was an outside job. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 20
  • 21. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 4) The first cause must be infinitely powerful (omnipotent) SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 21
  • 22. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 4) The first cause must be infinitely powerful (omnipotent) 5) The first cause must be eternal (transcendent of time) SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 22
  • 23. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 4) The first cause must be infinitely powerful (omnipotent) 5) The first cause must be eternal (transcendent of time) • From our perspective God is without beginning or end • From God’s perspective, outside of time, beginnings and endings are something he created, not SSM Spring 2010 something that control him Survey of Theology - Shelby 23
  • 24. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 4) The first cause must be infinitely powerful (omnipotent) 5) The first cause must be eternal (transcendent of time) 6) The first cause must be spiritual (transcendent of space) SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 24
  • 25. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 4) The first cause must be infinitely powerful (omnipotent) 5) The first cause must be eternal (transcendent of time) 6) The first cause must be spiritual (transcendent of space) 7) The first cause must be all-knowing (omniscient) SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 25
  • 26. B. LOGICAL POINTERS TO GOD 8) The first cause must have personhood SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 26
  • 27. Definition: • Buddhism is atheism with ethics. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 27
  • 28. Definition: • General • Special revelation revelation is natural is revealed knowledge knowledge of God of God. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 28
  • 29. Special Revelation 1. THE CONTENT OF REVELATION IS ABOUT A PERSON, NOT A RELIGION SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 29
  • 30. Special Revelation 1. THE CONTENT OF REVELATION IS ABOUT A PERSON, NOT A RELIGION 2. THE METHOD OF REVELATION IS BY PROPOSITION, NOT BY MYSTICISM SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 30
  • 31. Special Revelation 1. THE CONTENT OF REVELATION IS ABOUT A PERSON, NOT A RELIGION 2. THE METHOD OF REVELATION IS BY PROPOSITION, NOT BY MYSTICISM 3. THE RESULTING KNOWLEDGE FROM REVELATION IS PERSONAL, NOT THEORETICAL SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 31
  • 32. Special Revelation 4. THE REASON FOR REVELATION IS BECAUSE THERE IS A PLAN BEYOND HUMAN REDEMPTION – God’s will is specially revealed in his word – God’s works are specially revealed by his mighty acts in history – God’s ways are specially revealed by SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 32 the church
  • 33. A FOURFOLD SPECIAL REVELATION OF GOD THROUGH THE SCRIPTURES • Nature shows God above us • Providence shows God beyond us • Law shows God against our sin • Grace shows God for us SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 33
  • 34. Point 7. • Christians do not believe in three Gods, but in one God who manifests himself in three eternal persons SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 34
  • 35. REV 1:4-5 Formula for God: X + 7Y + Jesus Christ = The Godhead (Trinity) SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 35
  • 36. Point 8. • The doctrine of the Trinity is the Bible’s way of guarding the church against false interpretations and understandings of who God is, what God is like, how he works on this planet, and what he did in saving us. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 36
  • 37. Point 9. • Our concept of God determines our view of the world because distorted notions of God always condemn us to perverted concepts of truth. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 37
  • 38. A. ATTRIBUTES (NATURE OF GOD) 1) God is Spirit, John 4:24; Deut 4:15-16,19; Ps 147:5; Isa 40:25-26 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 38
  • 39. A. ATTRIBUTES (NATURE OF GOD) 1) God is Spirit, John 4:24; Deut 4:15-16,19; Ps 147:5; Isa 40:25-26 2) God is a person, Exod 3:14; 1 Cor 2:11; Eph 1:9,11 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 39
  • 40. A. ATTRIBUTES (NATURE OF GOD) 1) God is Spirit, John 4:24; Deut 4:15-16,19; Ps 147:5; Isa 40:25-26 2) God is a person, Exod 3:14; 1 Cor 2:11; Eph 1:9,11 3) God is infinite, Eph 1:23; Jer 23:24; Job 11:7; 26:14; 36:26 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 40
  • 41. ―PRAISES,‖ 1 PETER 2:9 PURPOSE Attributes that are Incommunicable but Comprehensible By His Creation Eternality His relation to immensity, not bound by infinity Omnipresence His relation to space; everywhere at once Omnipotence His operation in energy; possessing all power Omniscience His relation to facts; not limited in knowledge Immutability His relation to consistency; not subject to change Spirituality His relation to matter; not subject to matter Unity His relation to number; not capable of division Aseity (Self-Existence) His relation to self being Attributes that are Communicable and Sharable with His Creation Holiness His operation in purity; not subject to corruption Righteousness or Justice His operation in equity; not diminishing fairness Mercy and Grace His operation toward man’s sin Goodness and Love His operation toward man Jealousy His operation in light of the Adversary Faithfulness and Truth His operation in light of our failure SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 41
  • 42. DEFINITION: • Attributes are modes of showing either the relation or the operation of God’s person. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 42
  • 43. KNOWING GOD BY HIS NATURE • God is love: we don't have to be afraid of his will • God knows all: his direction is always right • God is all-powerful: he enables us to accomplish his will SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 43
  • 44. 1. God (El, Elohim) 2570x A. El Elyon Three COMPOUND names with El B. El Olam C. El Shaddai Three PRIMARY 2. LORD (Jah, Jehovah) 6800+x names in the Old A. Jehovah Elohim Testament Three COMPOUND names with B. Adonai Jehovah Jehovah C. Jehovah Sabaoth 3. Lord (Adonai) 340x 1. Father 2. Son Three PRIMARY A. Lord Full COMPOUND name of the Son names in the New B. Jesus Testament C. Christ 3. Holy Ghost Survey of the Names of God. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 44
  • 45. Primary Names for God. PRIMARY NAMES MEANING SHOWING El, Eloah, Elohim Mighty one; God His Might—Strong The Creator God Worship Connection—His Glory Jah, Jehovah (Yahweh) He who is; LORD His Mercy—Savior The Covenant God Work Connection—His Grace Adon, Adonai Master, owner; Lord His Majesty—Sovereign The Controlling God Will Connection—His Government SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 45
  • 46. Three Compound Names with El. COMPOUND NAMES TRANSLATED SHOWING El, Elyon Most High God Lofty; supreme possessor El Olam Everlasting God God of the ages El Shaddai Almighty God Powerful God SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 46
  • 47. Three Titles with El. TITLE MEANING IMPLICATION El-hai The living God Our God cannot die El-alah The faithful God Our God cannot lie El-roi The hearing God Our God can respond SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 47
  • 48. Compound Names with Jehovah. COMPOUND APPELLATIONS TRANSLATED Jehovah Elohim LORD GOD Adonai Jehovah LORD God Jehovah Sabaoth LORD of Hosts SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 48
  • 49. Seven Titles with Jehovah. TITLE MEANING IMPLICATION Jehovah-jireh The LORD will see Our God knows Jehovah-rapha The LORD that heals Our God saves Jehovah-shalom The LORD our peace Our God gives rest Jehova-tsidkenu The LORD our righteousness Our God in our place Jehovah-shammah The LORD is there Our God is present Jehovah-raah The LORD my shepherd Our God provides Jehovah-nissi The LORD our banner Our God leads Jehovah-qadash The LORD who sanctifies Our God uses us SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 49
  • 50. THE PURPOSE OF GOD 1) God’s will is eternal and not subject to change, Eph 3:11 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 50
  • 51. THE PURPOSE OF GOD 1) God’s will is eternal and not subject to change, Eph 3:11 2) God’s plan was made freely, Ps 135:6 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 51
  • 52. THE PURPOSE OF GOD 1) God’s will is eternal and not subject to change, Eph 3:11 2) God’s plan was made freely, Ps 135:6 3) God’s will includes everything that happens, Eph 1:11 • International boundaries • Deeds of the wicked • Length of your life SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby • Way you die 52
  • 53. THE PURPOSE OF GOD 4) Because God’s will is comprehensive does not mean God controls men and women against their will, Luke 22:22; Mat 18:7 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 53
  • 54. THE PURPOSE OF GOD 4) Because God’s will is comprehensive does not mean God controls men and women against their will, Luke 22:22; Mat 18:7 5) Because God’s will is comprehensive does not make God responsible for evil, Acts 27:22-24,30-31 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 54
  • 55. Point 10. • Allowance for evil does not constitute responsibility for evil since the person who chooses evil is a free moral agent. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 55
  • 56. Point 11. • God is not unrighteous because his will allows the results of sin to occur; rather God’s mercy is to be marveled at because we all deserved Hell the moment we were born. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 56
  • 57. THE PLAN OF GOD a. His Will for the UNIVERSE Isa 9:7; Rev 5:13 • God’s will for the universe is fulfilled in eternity as Christ delivers the kingdom to God (1 Cor 15:24). b. His Will for the WORLD Psa 29:1-2 • God’s will for the world is fulfilled through the Millennial reign of Christ, which will be the kingdom of heaven on earth. c. His Will for YOUR LIFE 1 Cor 6:20 • God’s will for your life is fulfilled by Christ’s control of your life through the kingdom of God in your SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby heart. 57
  • 58. Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself (Eph 1:9) REVEALED UNREVEALED Will of God Will of God 1. Salvation — 2 Pet 3:9; 1 Tim 2:3-4 2. Thankfulness — 1 Thes 5:18; Eph 5:20 3. Submission — 1 Pet 2:13-15; Eph 5:21 4. Sanctification — 1 Thes 4:3-7 GOD'S PLAN 5. Suffering — 1 Pet 3:17; 4:19; 2 Tim 3:12 FOR OUR 6. Surrender to Service — 2 Cor 8:5 INDIVIDUAL 7. Spirit Filling — Eph 5:17-18 LIVES 8. Knowledge of His Revealed Will — Luke 2:47; Rom 2:18; Eph 5:17 9. Doing His Revealed Will — Eph 6:6; Ps 40:8; 143:10; Heb 10:36; 13:21; John 4:34; 7:17 Will of God Plan of God A Goal — A Roadmap — Found Through the Word of God Found Through the Church Psalm 37:4 "Delight" "Desires" SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 58
  • 59. Geography #4 Place WHERE Where Movement Location CELEBRATION ISM #3 Generation X People Ministry Work Discipleship WHAT will I do? Vocation Ministry CLASS Wisdom Understanding #2 Discretion Temperanc Self-Control Mercy Walk e WHY will I go? Motivation Charity Hospitality CELL Heart attitude #1 Prayer Praise Bible Study Worship Meditation Singing Giving For WHOM will I go? Relation Relationship with God CORE GOD'S WILL FOR YOUR LIFE SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 59
  • 60. Definition: • Providence is God’s control in bringing the movement of all things to his predetermined goal in accordance with his purposed plan. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 60
  • 61. THE PROVIDENCE OF GOD 1) God controls all things, Ps 103:19 2) God usually exercises control through secondary means, not miracles, Ps 148:8 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 61
  • 62. DEFINITION: • Worship is all that I am giving homage to all that God is. SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 62
  • 63. NEXT CLASS Wk DATE Subject GRUDEM DUE 5 Feb 10 The Church & the Ordinances (Ecclesiology) 79-98 SSM Spring 2010 Survey of Theology - Shelby 63