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Syphilis is a very serious sexually transmitted disease.

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Amiina&Imanhealthproject ,

  1. 1. Syphilis<br />By: ImanSattar & AminaKapadia 7FS<br />
  2. 2. What is a sexually transmitted disease (STD)?<br />Any of various diseases or infections that can be transmitted by direct sexual contact.<br />Examples of STDs: Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Syphilis, Herpes etc.<br />
  3. 3. What is Syphilis?<br />Syphilis is a very serious sexually transmitted disease. Fortunately, it can easily be cured these days.<br />It is caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacterium called Treponema pallidum.<br />It was once a widespread cause of paralysis, insanity and death. But in the middle part of the 20th century, the invention of penicillin made it a rare disease in Britain and Western Europe.<br />However, in the early part of the 21st century, syphilis became slightly more common in the UK, largely as a result of small outbreaks in Greater Manchester, London, Bristol and Brighton.<br />But in the last year for which statistics are available, there were only 3,273 cases in the UK.<br />Of these, only 388 occurred in women. About 60 per cent of the male cases occurred in men who have sex with men (MSM).<br />It is worth being aware that syphilis rates are much higher in certain other countries. Therefore, casual sex while overseas may be risky.<br />
  4. 4. Causes<br />Syphilis can be passed on from one person to another during sexual contact that involves vaginal, oral, and anal sex. <br />Infection can also be passed from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, it can cause a still birth or can cause deformations of the baby.<br />Any person of any age who involves in sexual activity can contract and pass on a syphilis infection, including heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual men and women.<br />
  5. 5. Symptoms <br />If syphilis is detected very late, it may lead to severe symptoms.<br />There are three stages of syphilis, each stage has different symptoms.<br />The primary stage, secondary, latent and tertiary.<br />
  6. 6. Primary Stage<br />Painless lesion (wound/abrasion/cut) called a chancre which changes any time from 10 days to three months after disclosure.<br />Chancre generally appears on the genital area and can form on the lips, tongue or rectum if these areas have been exposed to a syphilis chancre on another person during oral or anal sexual contact.<br />Can heal up to 5 weeks <br />
  7. 7. Secondary Stage<br />If the primary stage of syphilis is left untreated, it will advance to the secondary stage of syphilis.<br />In this stage, the bacteria cause by syphilis eventually spreads throughout the body and cause various symptoms. <br /> TO BE CONTINUED…<br />
  8. 8. Secondary stage symptoms continuation…<br />Fatigue<br />Fever <br />Flu-like symptoms<br />Headache<br />Patchy hair-loss<br /> Skin rashes and a rash around the rectum<br />Sore throat<br />Swollen glands<br />Weight loss<br />
  9. 9. The latent (hidden) stage of syphilis begins when secondary syphilis symptoms end. This stage can start from 2 years to over 30 years after the initial infection.<br />In early latent syphilis, you may not have syphilis symptoms, but the infection remains in your body. When you are in this stage, you can infect a sexual partner.<br />In late latent syphilis, the infection is quiet and the risk of infecting a sexual partner is low or absent. If you don't get treated for latent syphilis, you will progress to tertiary syphilis, the most serious stage of the disease.<br />Latent Syphilis<br />
  10. 10. Tertiary stage<br />This last stage develops from untreated secondary syphilis. When untreated secondary syphilis symptoms disappear, the infection still continues in the body. <br />During this time, syphilis can damage organs, such as the brain, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and nerves, leading to serious complicationsand every so often death.<br />
  11. 11. Gradual loss of vision <br />Loss of muscle coordination<br />Numbness <br />Paralysis <br />Tertiary stage symptoms continuation…<br />
  12. 12. Men are actually more prone to get syphilis then women.<br />This disease is found most often among men and women at the age of 15-39 years old. <br />Who are more likely to get syphilis?<br />
  13. 13. How Does Syphilis Affect a Pregnant Woman and Her Baby?<br />• Depending on how long a pregnant woman has been infected with syphilis, she has a good chance of having a stillbirth (birth of an infant who has died prior to delivery) or of giving birth to a baby who dies shortly after birth.<br />• If not treated immediately, an infected baby may be born without symptoms but could develop them within a few weeks. <br />• These signs and symptoms can be very serious. Untreated babies may become developmentally delayed, have seizures, or die.<br />
  14. 14. Preventions<br />avoid contact with infected tissue (a group of cells) and body fluids of an infected person. <br />usually transmitted by people who have no sores that can be seen or rashes and who do not know they are infected.<br />If you aren't infected with syphilis and are sexually active, having mutually monogamous sex with an uninfected partner is the best way to prevent syphilis. <br />
  15. 15. using condoms properly and consistently during sex reduces your risk of getting syphilis.<br />Washing or douching after sex won't prevent syphilis. <br />Even if you have been treated for syphilis and cured, you can be re-infected by having sex with an infected partner<br />Making right choices! (Y) :D<br />Preventions continuation<br />