The	
  State	
  of	
  the	
  Art	
  in	
  the	
  Field	
  of	
  Public	
  Transport	
  Coordination	
  
By	
  Michelle	
  ...
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Stuttgart vvs for spur

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Stuttgart vvs for spur

  1. 1. The  State  of  the  Art  in  the  Field  of  Public  Transport  Coordination   By  Michelle  DeRobertis  PE     • The  first  city  to  establish  a  single  agency  to  coordinate  and  integrate   metropolitan  public  transport  was  in  Hamburg  Germany.  This  agency    is   called  a  “verkehrsverbund”.  England  uses  the  term  Public  Transport   Authority  or  Enterprise.  The  concept  was  to  “coordinate”  not  “consolidate”.   • The  successful  model  quickly  spread  to  other  cities  in  Germany,  then  western   Europe  as  well  as  South  Africa  (Raboroko  and  Whitehead,  2009)  and  Brazil   (Peixoto,  2009).     • The  Association  of  European  Metropolitan  Transport  Authorities  (EMTA)   was  formed  in  1998  to  serve  as  a  “venue  for  exchange  of  information  and   best  practices”.     Summary  of  how  it  works  in  the  Greater  Stuttgart  Region,  Germany     The  Greater  Stuttgart  Region  has  179  municipalities  and  40+  transit   operators,  1000  square  miles,  2.4  million  people.    The  VVS  (Tariff  and  Transit   Agency-­‐  Verkehrs-­‐und  Tarifverbund  Stuttgart)  was  established  in  1978.    It   coordinates  all  40+  transit  agencies  in  terms  of  fare  coordination;  revenue   collection  and  distribution;    schedule  coordination  and  conceptual  planning.   VVS  Governing  Board  is  composed  of:  50%  representatives  of  political   jurisdictions  and  50%  transit  operators.          

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