Michael Joseph Jackson(August29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was anAmerican recording artist,entertainer, and businessman.Referred to as the King of Pop, orby his initials MJ, Jackson isrecognized as the most successfulentertainer of all time by GuinnessWorld Records. His contribution tomusic, dance, and fashion, alongwith a much-publicized personallife, made him a global figure inpopular culture for over fourdecades. The seventh child of theJackson family, he debuted on theprofessional music scene alongwith his brothers as a member ofThe Jackson 5, then the Jacksonsin 1964, and began his solo careerin 1971.
achieved about 80 records for differentreasons and was inducted into theGuinness World Records on numerousoccasions, for reasons among which are,among others, be the most successfulmusical artist of all time, with nearly 750million albums sold; award-winningmusical artist in history, with hundreds ofawards including 15 Grammy awards, theyoungest singer to lead the singles chart inthe United States, with 11 years of age, thefirst singer to enter the singles chart at # 1with "You Are not Alone"; as many weeksat number 1 on the list of albums (notsoundtracks) in the United States, Thriller,for 37 weeks; video most successful,Michael Jacksons Thriller with about 1million units sold, the first entertainer towin more than $ 100 million in a yearshighest-paid entertainer of all time (125million dollars in the list Forbes of 1989),and most successful entertainer of all Inaddition times. was the first and only artistthat has managed to start and finish theyear with an album at number 1 (Thriller) His contribution toand the first and only artist in history to music, dance and fashion, inachieve number 1 in the 1960, 1970 , 1980 addition to itsand 1990 publicized personal life made him a popular culture figure.
He began his career with his brothersin the band The Jackson 5 to mid-1960, which released ten albums withthem until 1975. In 1971 he beganhis solo career, but remained with theband of brothers. Because of theextraordinary impact of his albumThriller (1982), the biggestselling album in musichistory, became the biggest star inpop music at that time. Some of hispublished albums like Offthe Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1991) and History :Past, Present and Future, Book I(1995), are among the best-sellingalbums of all time, the which helpedhim get into the Rock and Roll Hall ofFame. On the other hand, thirteen ofthe 98 singles Jackson reached thetop of the Billboard 100 and soldbetween 3005 and 350 million areconsidered even more sales of750 million records.
Jacksons 1982 album Thriller is the best-selling album of all time. His other records, including Off the Wall (1979), Bad (1987), Dangerous (1 991), and History (1995), also rank among the worlds best-selling. Jackson is one of the few artists to have been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice. He was also inducted into the Dance Hall of Fame as the first (and currently only) dancer from the world of pop and rock n roll. Some of his other achievements include multiple Guinness World Records; 13 Grammy Awards (as well as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award); 26 American Music Awards (more than any other artist, and the estimated sale of over including the "Artist of the Century"); 750 million records worldwide. 13 number-one singles in the United Jackson won hundreds of States in his solo career (more than awards, which have made him the any other male artist in the Hot most-awarded recording artist in the history of popular music. 100 era
He was recognized during his careerwith the nickname of "Kingof Pop", with the pop musicsuperstars most successfulworldwide, but theirmusic also included a broadunderstandingof subgenres as rhythm & blues (soul and funk) discand dance. Also during hislife served as a musical influence fordozens ofartists. Michael Jackson throughouthis career he has garnered multipleawards, has been included twice inthe Hall of Fame Rock, hasbroken many records inthe Guinness World Records andhas received twenty-six American Music Awards andfifteen Grammy awards in variouscategories music, two of which areposthumous. Holds the record forthe most awarded artist in musichistory, with over 400 awards. It hasalso been recognized for his actsof philanthropy, holds the record forthe artist who has donated moremoney to charity, with hundreds ofmillions of dollars donated to39 institutions of this kind.
The Jackson 5 recorded several songs, including "Big Boy", for the local record label SteeltownIn 1964, Michael and Marlon joined in 1967, before signing withthe Jackson Brothers—a band Motown Records in 1968.formed by brothers Jackie, Tito, and Rolling Stone magazine laterJermaine—as backup musicians described the young Michael asplaying congas and tambourine. "a prodigy" with "overwhelmingJackson later began performing musical gifts," writing that hebackup vocals and dancing. When "quickly emerged as the mainhe was eight, Jackson began sharing draw and lead singer. He groupthe lead vocals with his older brother set a chart record when its firstJermaine, and the groups name was four singles ("I Want You Back",changed to The Jackson 5 The band "ABC", "The Love You Save",toured the Midwest extensively from and "Ill Be There") peaked at1966 to 1968, frequently performing number one on the Billboardat a string of black clubs known as Hot 100. Between 1972 andthe "chitlin circuit", where they often 1975, Michael released four soloopened stripteases and other adult studio albums with Motown,acts. In 1966, they won a major local among them Got to Be Theretalent show with renditions of and Ben, released as part of theMotown hits and James Browns "I Jackson 5 franchise, andGot You (I Feel Good)", led by producing successful singlesMichael. such as "Got to Be There", "Ben", and a remake of Bobby Days "Rockin Robin".
In June 1975, the Jackson 5signed with Epic Records, asubsidiary of CBS Recordsand renamed themselves theJacksons. Younger brotherRandy formally joined theband around this time, whileJermaine left to pursue a solocareer. They continued to tourinternationally, releasing sixmore albums between 1976and 1984, during whichMichael was the leadsongwriter, writing hits suchas "Shake Your Body (Down tothe Ground)", "This PlaceHotel," and "Can You Feel It".In 1978, he starred as thescarecrow in the musical, Itwas here that he teamed upwith Quincy Jones, who wasarranging the films musicalscore. Jones agreed toproduce Jacksons next soloalbum, Off the Wall.
The album topped the In 1982, Jackson contributed Billboard 200 chart for 37the song "Someone In the weeks and was in the top 10Dark" to the storybook for the of the 200 for 80 consecutivefilm E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial; weeks. It was the first albumthe record won a Grammy for to have seven Billboard HotBest Recording for Children in 100 top 10 singles, including1984. In the same year he won "Billie Jean", "Beat It," andanother seven Grammys and "Wanna Be Startineight American Music Awards Somethin. Thriller was(including the Award of Merit, certified for 29 millionthe youngest artist to win it), shipments by themaking him the most awarded RIAA, giving it Doublein one night for both award Diamond status in the Unitedshows.[ These awards were States. The album won alsothanks to the Thriller album, another Grammy for Bestreleased in late 1982, which Engineered Recording – Nonwas 1983s best-selling album Classical in 1984, awardingworldwide and became the Bruce Swedien for his work.best-selling album of all time Jacksons attorney Johnin the United States, as well as Branca noted that Jacksonthe best-selling album of all had the highest royalty ratetime worldwide, selling an in the music industry at thatestimated 110 million copies point: approximately $2 forso far. every album sold.
He was also making record-breaking profits from sales ofhis recordings. Thevideocassette of thedocumentary The Making ofMichael Jacksons Thrillersold over 350,000 copies in afew months. The era saw thearrival of novelties like dollsmodeled after MichaelJackson, which appeared instores in May 1984 at a priceof $12..In 1985, The Making ofMichael Jacksons Thrillerwon a Grammy for Best MusicVideo, Long form. InDecember 2009, the musicvideo for "Thriller" wasselected for the National FilmRegistry by the Library ofCongress, "Thriller" is thefirst music video ever to beinducted.
In March 1991, Jackson renewed his contract withSony for $65 million, a record-breaking deal at thetime, displacing Neil Diamonds renewal contractwith Columbia Records. He released his eighthalbum Dangerous in 1991. As of2008, Dangerous had shipped seven million copiesin the U.S. and had sold 32 million copiesworldwide. The Dangerous album was co-producedby Teddy Riley, one of the pioneers of "new jackswing" which convinced Michael to featurea rapper on his album for the first time, the actworked and it turned out to be the best-sellingalbum associated with that movement. In theUnited States, the albums first single "Black orWhite" was its biggest hit, reaching number one onthe Billboard Hot 100 and remaining there forseven weeks, with similar chart performancesworldwide. The albums second single "Rememberthe Time" spent eight weeks in the top five in theUnited States, peaking at number three onthe Billboard Hot 100 singles chart. At the end of1992, Dangerous was awarded 1992s best-sellingalbum worldwide and "Black or White" wasawarded 1992s best-selling single worldwide atthe Billboard Music Awards. Additionally, he wonan award as best-selling artist of the 80s. In 1993,Jackson performed the song at the Soul TrainMusic Awards in a chair, saying he had suffered aninjury in rehearsals. In the UK and other parts ofEurope, "Heal the World" was the biggest hit fromthe album; it sold 450,000 copies in the UK andspent five weeks at number two in 1992.
Jackson founded the Heal the WorldFoundation in 1992. The charityorganization brought underprivilegedchildren to Jacksons ranch to enjoytheme park rides that Jackson had builton the property. The foundation also sentmillions of dollars around the globe tohelp children threatened by war, poverty,and disease. In the same year Jacksonpublished his second book, thebestselling collection of poetry, Dancingthe Dream. While it was a commercialsuccess and revealed a more intimateside to Jacksons nature, the collectionwas mostly critically una claimed at thetime of release. In 2009, the book wasrepublished by Doubleday and was morepositively received by some critics in thewake of Jacksons untimely death. TheDangerous World Tour grossed $100million. The tour began on June 27, 1992,and finished on November 11, 1993.Jackson performed to 3.5 million peoplein 67 concerts. He sold the broadcastrights to his Dangerous world tour toHBO for $20 million, a record-breakingdeal that still stands.
In January 1993, Jackson made a memorable appearance at the halftime show at Super Bowl XXVII. The performance began with Jackson catapulting onto the stage as fireworks went off behind him. As he landed on the canvas, he maintained a motionless "clenched fist, standing statue stance", dressed in a gold and black military outfit and sunglasses; he remained completely motionless for a minute and a half while the crowd cheered. He then slowly removed his sunglasses, threw them away and sang four songs: "Jam", "Billie Jean", "Black or White" and "Heal the World". It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show, and was viewed by 135 million Americans alone; Jacksons Dangerous album rose 90 places up the album chart Jackson was given the "Living Legend Award" at the 35th Grammy Awards in Los Angeles. "Black or White" was Grammy-nominated for best vocal performance. "Jam" gained two nominations: Best R&B Vocal Performance and Best R&B Song. The Dangerous album won a Grammy for Best Engineered – Non Classical, awarding the work of Bruce Swedien and Teddy Riley. In the same year, Michael Jackson won three American Music Awards for Favorite Pop/Rock Album (Dangerous), Favorite Soul/R&B Single ("Remember the Time") and was the first to win the International Artist Award, for his global performances and humanitarian concerns. This award will bear his name in the future
In 1995, Jackson merged his ATV Music catalog with Sonys music publishing division creating Sony/ATV Music Publishing. Jackson retained half-ownership of the company, earned $95 million upfront as well as the rights to even more songs. He then released the double album History: Past, Present and Future, Book I. The first disc, History Begins, was a 15-track greatest hits album, and was later reissued as Greatest Hits: History, Volume I in 2001, while the second disc, History Continues, contained 15 new songs. The album debuted at number one on the charts and has been certified for seven million shipments in the US. It is the best- selling multiple-disc album of all- time, with 20 million copies (40 million units) sold worldwide. History received a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.
The first single released from the album was the double A-side "Scream/Childhood". "Scream" was a duet, performed with Jacksons youngest sister Janet. The song fights against the media, mainly for what the media made him out to be during his 1993 child abuse allegations. The single had the highest debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number five, and received a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals"."You Are Not Alone" was the second single released from History; it holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It was seen as a major artistic and commercial success, receiving a Grammy nomination for "Best Pop Vocal Performance". In late 1995, Jackson was rushed to a hospital after collapsing during rehearsals for a televised performance; the incident was caused by a stress-related panic attack "Earth Song" was the third single released from History, and topped the UK Singles Chart for six weeks over Christmas 1995; it sold a million copies, making it Jacksons most successful single in the UK.The track "They Dont Care About Us" became controversial when the Anti-Defamation League and other groups criticized its allegedly antisemitic lyrics. Jackson quickly put out a revised version of the song without the offending lyrics In 1996, Jackson won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form for "Scream" and an American Music Award for Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist
The album was promotedwith the successful HistoryWorld Tour. The tour beganon September 7, 1996, andfinished on October 15,1997. Jackson performed82 concerts in 58 cities toover 4.5 million fans, andgrossed up a total of $165million. The show, whichvisited five continents and35 countries, becameJacksons most successful interms of audience figures.
In 1997, Jackson released Blood on the DanceFloor: History in the Mix, which containedremixes of hit singles from History and fivenew songs. Worldwide sales stand at 6million copies as of 2007, it is the best sellingremix album ever released. It reached numberone in the UK, as did the title track. In theUS, the album was certified platinum, but onlyreached number 24. Forbes placed his annualincome at $35 million in 1996 and $20 millionin 1997. Throughout June 1999, Jackson wasinvolved in a number of charitable events. Hejoined Luciano Pavarotti for a benefit concertin Modena, Italy. The show was in support ofthe nonprofit organization War Child, andraised a million dollars for the refugees ofKosovo, FR Yugoslavia, as well as additionalfunds for the children of Guatemala. Laterthat month, Jackson organized a set of"Michael Jackson & Friends" benefit concertsin Germany and Korea. Other artists involvedincluded Slash, The Scorpions, Boyz IIMen, Luther Vandross, Mariah Carey, A. R.Rahman, Prabhu DevaSundaram, Shobana, Andrea Bocelli andLuciano Pavarotti. The proceeds went to theNelson Mandela Childrens Fund, the RedCross and UNESCO
At the turn of the century, theAmerican Music Awards honoredJackson as Artist of the 80s.Throughout 2000 and2001, Jackson worked in thestudio with Teddy Riley andRodney Jerkins, as well as othercollaborators. These sessionswould result in the albumInvincible, released in October2001. Invincible was Jacksonsfirst full-length album in sixyears, and it would be the lastalbum of new material he releasedwhile still alive.In spite of the events preceding itsrelease, Invincible came out inOctober 2001 to much anticipation.Invincible proved to be ahit, debuting atop the charts in 13countries and going on to sellapproximately 13 million copiesworldwide.
in September 2001, two30th Anniversary concertswere held at MadisonSquare Garden to markthe singers 30th year asa solo artist. Jacksonappeared on stage alongside his brothers for thefirst time since 1984.Theshow also featuredperformances byMýa, Usher, WhitneyHouston, NSync, DestinysChild, Monica, LutherVandross, andSlash, among other
In 2002, MichaelJackson won his 22ndAmerican Music Awardfor Artist of the Century.Sony released NumberOnes, a compilation ofJacksons hits on CDand DVD. In the US, thealbum was certifiedtriple platinum by theRIAA; in the UK it wascertified six timesplatinum for shipmentsof at least 1.2 millionunits