The Business Environments
In this presentation
three forms of
ownerships in depth.

Thapelo Muneri
Overview
 Introduction to business ownership
 Sole proprietorship
 Partnership
 Corporations
Choosing a Form of Ownership
 There is no one “best” form of ownership.
 The best form of ownership depends on an
entrep...
Factors affecting the choice
 Tax considerations
 Liability exposure
 Start-up and future capital requirements
 Contro...
Major forms of ownership
 Sole Proprietorship
 Partnership
 Corporation
 Limited Liability Company
Entrepreneurship
 Entrepreneur: A person who forms and operates a

new business either by himself or herself or with
othe...
Advantages of Sole Proprietorship
 Simple to create
 Least costly form to begin
 Profit incentive
 Total decision maki...
Disadvantages of Sole
Proprietorship
 Unlimited personal liability
 Limited skills and capabilities
 Feelings of isolat...
Liability Features of the
Basic Forms of Ownership
Sole Proprietorship
Claims of Sole Proprietor’s Creditors

Sole Proprie...
Partnership
 An association of two or more people who co-own
a business for the purpose of making a profit.
 Always wise...
Advantages of Partnerships
 Easy to establish
 Complementary skills of partners
 Division of profits
 Larger pool of c...
Types of Partners
 General partners
 Take an active role in managing a business.
 Have unlimited liability for the part...
Disadvantages of Partnership
 Unlimited liability of at least one partner
 Capital accumulation
 Difficulty in disposin...
Liability Features of the Basic
Forms of Ownership
Partnership
Claims of Partnership’s Creditors
General
Partner’s

Genera...
Corporation
Types of corporations:
 Publicly held – a corporation that has a large
number of shareholders and whose stock...
Advantages of the corporation
 Limited liability of stockholders
 Ability to attract capital
 Ability to continue indef...
Liability Features of the
Basic Forms of Ownership
Corporation

Claims of Corporation’s Creditors

Corporation’s
Assets
Sh...
Disadvantages of corporation
 Cost and time of incorporation process
 Double taxation
 Potential for diminished manager...
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The business environments slideshare

  1. 1. The Business Environments In this presentation three forms of ownerships in depth. Thapelo Muneri
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction to business ownership  Sole proprietorship  Partnership  Corporations
  3. 3. Choosing a Form of Ownership  There is no one “best” form of ownership.  The best form of ownership depends on an entrepreneur’s particular situation.  Key: Understanding the characteristics of each form of ownership and how well they match an entrepreneur’s business and personal circumstances
  4. 4. Factors affecting the choice  Tax considerations  Liability exposure  Start-up and future capital requirements  Control  Managerial ability  Business goals  Management succession plans  Cost of formation
  5. 5. Major forms of ownership  Sole Proprietorship  Partnership  Corporation  Limited Liability Company
  6. 6. Entrepreneurship  Entrepreneur: A person who forms and operates a new business either by himself or herself or with others  Sole proprietorship: A form of business in which the owner is actually the business  The business is not a separate legal entity  Sole proprietor: The owner of a sole proprietorship
  7. 7. Advantages of Sole Proprietorship  Simple to create  Least costly form to begin  Profit incentive  Total decision making authority  No special legal restrictions  Easy to discontinue
  8. 8. Disadvantages of Sole Proprietorship  Unlimited personal liability  Limited skills and capabilities  Feelings of isolation  Limited access to capital  Lack of continuity of the business
  9. 9. Liability Features of the Basic Forms of Ownership Sole Proprietorship Claims of Sole Proprietor’s Creditors Sole Proprietor’s Personal Assets 5-9
  10. 10. Partnership  An association of two or more people who co-own a business for the purpose of making a profit.  Always wise to create a partnership agreement.  The best partnerships are built on trust and respect
  11. 11. Advantages of Partnerships  Easy to establish  Complementary skills of partners  Division of profits  Larger pool of capital  Ability to attract limited partners
  12. 12. Types of Partners  General partners  Take an active role in managing a business.  Have unlimited liability for the partnership’s debts.  Every partnership must have at least one general partner.  Limited partners  Cannot participate in the day-to-day management of a company.  Have limited liability for the partnership’s debts.
  13. 13. Disadvantages of Partnership  Unlimited liability of at least one partner  Capital accumulation  Difficulty in disposing of partnership interest without dissolving the partnership  Lack of continuity  Potential for personality and authority conflicts  Partners bound by law of agency
  14. 14. Liability Features of the Basic Forms of Ownership Partnership Claims of Partnership’s Creditors General Partner’s General Partnership’s Partner’s Assets Personal Personal Assets Assets 5 - 14
  15. 15. Corporation Types of corporations:  Publicly held – a corporation that has a large number of shareholders and whose stock usually is traded on one of the large stock exchanges.  Closely held – a corporation in which shares are controlled by a relatively small number of people, often family members, relatives, or friends.
  16. 16. Advantages of the corporation  Limited liability of stockholders  Ability to attract capital  Ability to continue indefinitely  Transferable ownership
  17. 17. Liability Features of the Basic Forms of Ownership Corporation Claims of Corporation’s Creditors Corporation’s Assets Shareholder’s Personal Assets Shareholder’s Personal Assets 5 - 17
  18. 18. Disadvantages of corporation  Cost and time of incorporation process  Double taxation  Potential for diminished managerial incentives  Legal requirements and regulatory “red tape”  Potential loss of control by founder(s)
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