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The Timor-Leste experience
 

The Timor-Leste experience

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Sharing Truth- National Research Centre Forum

Sharing Truth- National Research Centre Forum
"Australia, East Timor, Bangladesh and New Zealand"
Patrick Walsh, Senior Advisor, Post-TRC Secretariat, East Timor

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    The Timor-Leste experience The Timor-Leste experience Presentation Transcript

    • SHARING TRUTH: CREATING A NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE ON RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS FORUM Vancouver, 1-3 March 2011 The Timor-Leste experience Pat Walsh
    • Timor-Leste/East Timor
    • East Timor in brief
      • Half-island in the Indonesian archipelago 1.5 hours NW Darwin, Australia.
      • Population c.1,000,000, half under 18.
      • One of the region’s poorest countries but has large reserves of oil and gas.
      • Portuguese colony until 1975 when invaded and occupied by Indonesia until 1999.
      • Timorese resisted militarily and diplomatically and suffered gross violations of human rights.
      • UN-administered Popular Consultation in 1999 resulted in overwhelming vote for independence.
      • Administered by the UN 1999-2002.
      • Parliamentary system. Executive powers vested in Government. President as Head of State.
    • Converted prison: symbol of change
    • CAVR in brief
      • CAVR - Comissao de Acolhimento, Verdade e Reconciliacao , Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation.
      • Established by the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) as an independent, indigenous East Timorese body led by seven Timorese Commissioners.
      • Funded wholly by the international community.
      • Written into the nation’s first Constitution.
      • Functioned for 4 years: 2002-2005.
      • Four functions (1) truth-seeking 1974-99; (2) facilitate community reconciliation; (3) restore dignity of victims; (4) report on work, findings and recommendations.
      • Report called Chega! (Stop, no more, enough!) delivered to Parliament 31 October 2005.
    • Truth-seeking: statement taking
    • Truth-seeking: public hearings
    • Community reconciliation
    • The CAVR report: Chega!
    • Post-CAVR Secretariat
      • Interim body established by Presidential decree in December 2005 that will continue until Parliament decides on CAVR recommendations.
      • Functions: (1) care for archives and heritage site; (2) complete CAVR publishing program; (3) disseminate and socialise Chega! in and outside Timor-Leste.
      • Governance: Executive Director and 4 Program Coordinators, accountable to President.
      • Funding: Timor-Leste Government and international donors.
    • P-CAVR hard-copy records
    • P-CAVR audio-visual records
    • P-CAVR back-up of records
    • P-CAVR library & internet access
    • P-CAVR bookshop
    • P-CAVR dissemination
    • P-CAVR Chega! comic book
    • P-CAVR video Dalan ba Dame
    • P-CAVR Walk Through Chega! exhibition
    • The exhibition has a strong impact
    • Targets youth…….
      • .... but does
      • not
      • always
      • hit
      • the mark!
    • P-CAVR launch in Jakarta
    • Issues encountered
      • Capacity building of local staff.
      • Technical issues.
      • Security.
      • Back-up and off-shore storage.
      • Access.
      • Archival legislation.
    • The role of the churches
      • Under Portugal, Catholic Church (CC) was a small, but influential, part of the colonial system.
      • Under Indonesia, CC opposed the colonial system and attracted mass support. The small Protestant community grew in numbers.
      • Since Independence, CC has reverted to more conventional service and devotional role but supports justice for historical crimes.
      • J&P Commissions exist in 2 of the 3 dioceses plus many religious orders.
      • Two CAVR Commissioners were clergy and church regularly assisted with community reconciliations.
      • Acolhimento (reception) includes a reference to the parable of the Prodigal Son.
      • Chega! includes recommendations to the churches including to provide training and education in human rights.
    • The future
      • Addressing the issues encountered.
      • Public champion of archives.
      • Archival solidarity.
      • Legislation by the Timor-Leste Parliament to establish an Institute of Memory to implement CAVR/CTF recommendations on reparations, disappearances, memorialisation, documentation, research, education and training.
    • Thank you. Obrigado barak.
      • CAVR website
      • www.cavr-timorleste.org
      • Pat Walsh
      • Email: padiwalsh@gmail.com