The queen Victoria . (Alexandrina Victoria: 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901)
Alexandrina Victoria is born in the palace Kensington, London.
She was christened in the Dome Room of Kensington Palace on June 24.
When he was 8 months old, his father, the Duke of Kent, died of a fulminant pneumonia,
January 23, 1820.
The early reign
She lived in Buckingham Palace. On June 26, 1830 King George IV died, and was succeeded by the Duke of Clarence and King William IV.
In 1835, at 16 years old, Victoria met her future husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha,who was also his cousin.
King William IV died on June 20, 1837, being succeeded by the Princess Victoria. As she had already turned 18, a regency was not necessary.
Victoria was crowned Queen in Westminster Abbey, June 28, 1838.
Victoria married Prince Albert in the Royal Chapel of St. James
Palace, London, on February 10, 1840.
Four days earlier, onFebruary 6, the queen gave her husband the treatment of His Royal Highness .
The late period
In 1851 It was held the first exhibition, inaugurated by Queen Victoria, which was a great success.
The Cabinet of Lord John Russell fell in 1852, when the prime minister was replaced by a conservative. This would not last much in power, unable to have a majority in parliament, and resigned shortly after being in office.
One of the most important acts of the new ministry was to involve the United Kingdom in the Crimean War in 1854, fighting alongside the Ottoman Empire against Russia.
After the war ended, the queen instituted the Victorian Cross, a decoration for value.
When questioned during the Crimean War, Lord Aberdeen resigned in 1855, being replaced by Lord Palmerston , whom the Queen had reconciled. But Palmerston was also forced to resign because of his unpopular conduct during a military conflict.
One of the most notable events during the administration of Derby was the Revolt against government of the British East India Company on the Eastern India.
Gladstone y Disraeli
In 1868, the Conservative Benjamin Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield later I), assumes the post of prime minister. Prove later that it was Victoria's favorite prime minister.
It was during the ministry of Gladstone, in the early 1870's, the queen began to emerge gradually from its state of perpetual mourning and isolation. With encouragement from her family, participated more actively in politics.
Disraeli returned to power in 1874, at the time when many in the country supported an antimperialist sentiment, including the new prime minister and the queen, and many in Europe.
In 1871 the German Empire was proclaimed.
Gladstone y Disraeli
In 1876 a new Royal Titles Act of Parliament gave the Queen the additional title of "Empress of India".
Victoria rewarded his prime minister, accelerating the granting of a county and appointed him Earl of Beaconsfield while still in office.
The administration of Lord Beaconsfield fell in 1880 when the Liberals won the elections of that year.
Victoria conflicts with Gladstone continued. She was forced to accept his electoral reforms, including the Representation of the People Act 1884, which increased considerably the electorate.
Death and succession
Following a custom she maintained throughout her widowhood, Victoria spent the Christmas of 1900 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.
Through early January, she felt "weak and unwell", and by mid-January she was "drowsy ... dazed, [and] confused". She died on Tuesday 22 January 1901 at half past six in the evening, at the age of 81.
Her funeral was held on Saturday 2 February in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, and after two days of lying-in-state, she was buried beside Prince Albert in Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park.
As she was laid to rest at the mausoleum, it began to snow.
Death and succession
Victoria was the longest-lived British monarch until surpassed by Elizabeth II, and reigned for a total of 63 years, seven months and two days making her the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning Queen regnant in world history.
She was the last monarch of Britain from the House of Hannover .