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Conditional sentences

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zero, type 1, 2, 3 and mixed conditionals.

zero, type 1, 2, 3 and mixed conditionals.


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  • 1. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES By Patricia López
  • 2. Conditional Sentences
    • Zero Conditional Sentences
    • Type 1
    • Type 2
    • Type 3
    • Mixed Conditional Sentences
  • 3. ZERO CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
    • USE : General truths
    • FORM : Present tense + present tense
    • E.G. If you leave ice out of the fridge, it melts
  • 4. Type 1
    • USE : express aspects of persuasion. It refers to the future.
    • FORM :
    • E.G. If she wakes up early, she’ll come with us
    • If you see Mark, tell him to call me.
    If- Present tense + Will If- Present tense + Imperative
  • 5. Your turn!
    • 1- If Sarah______ (call), ______ (tell) her to call back later.
    • If you _____ (go) to the mall, ______ (bring) me some Chinese food, please.
    • We ______ (talk) with her, as soon as she _______ (get) home.
  • 6. Type 2
    • USE : To speculate about something we perceive to be impossible (very unlikely)
    • FORM : If-past tense + would-bare infinitive
    • E.G. If he wasn’t so annoying, I’d spend more time with him.
    • If I were you, I’d apologize to her.
  • 7. Your turn!
    • 1- If He _____ (ask), I ______ (help) him right away.
    • 2- If I _______ (be not) your sister, I _______(tell) your boss what you did!
    • 3- If Lucy _______ (want), Chris ______ (take) her to Ireland with him.
  • 8. Type 3
    • USE : To speculate about past events and about how things that happened or didn’t happen might have affected other things.
    • FORM : If-Past perfect + Would have-past part.
    • E.G. If you hadn’t driven so fast, you wouldn’t have got the ticket.
  • 9. Your turn!
    • 1- If I______ (know) you were coming, I ______ (organize) a welcome party!
    • 2- Sarah ______ (cook), if we ______ (ask) her to do it.
    • 3- If James _______ (not find out) the truth, he _______ (not spoil) the project.
  • 10. Mixed Conditional
    • USE: Things we did in the past that may have present consequences.
    • Past events that may be the result of present facts.
    • FORM : If-past perfect + would-bare infinitive
    • If-past tense + would have-past part
  • 11. E.G.
    • If you hadn’t wasted so much money, we’d have a better house now.
    • If I had a good Sat Nav, I wouldn’t have got lost.
    By Patricia López