Simple past without verb to be (with DID)


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Describe los aspectos del uso del pasado en el Inglés en sus distintas formas sin utilizar el verbo To Be, es decir, los usos que puede tener este tiempo con el verbo auxiliar DID.

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Simple past without verb to be (with DID)

  1. 1. Simple past without verb To Be SIMPLE PAST WITH AUXILIARY DID
  2. 2. Main differences Simple past with verb To Be  We use it to express conditions or characteristics about someone.  To form a sentence, we must use verb To Be in its past tense, which complicates the format of its three moods: affirmative, negative and interrogative forms. Simple past with auxiliary DID  We use it to describe a wide gamut of actions that took place in the past.  To form any sentence, we just need the main verb in simple past for affirmative form and auxiliary DID plus main verb in simple present (for negative we need the negative particle).
  3. 3. What is it?  Simple past without verb To Be (with auxiliary DID) carries out with the same purpose than simple past with verb to be. In this mood, we don’t need verb To Be to express past actions. We use any verb in simple past, to describe actions or facts that took place in the past instead.
  4. 4. What is it?  It’s one of two ways to talk in simple past. In this way, we use DID to simplify the form of the sentence, since we just need (in affirmative form) the main verb in simple past and for other forms we only need DID plus the main verb in Simple Present.
  5. 5. What is the use?  In contrast of the Simple Past with Verb To Be, we use Simple Past with auxiliary DID to talk about the past with any verb, and being unnecessarily of place in front the conjunction of the verb To Be. Simple past with Verb To Be Simple past without Verb To Be Whitney Houston was an important singer for the world. Elizabeth Cattermole didn’t travel to Toronto onto a horse.
  6. 6. What is the use?  To express a completed action in the past: Last summer, Tom built his house.  To express a series of completed actions: I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.  To talk about a duration in past: Laura studied Japanese for five years.
  7. 7. What is the use?  To express an habitual action in the past: John did not study French when he was a child. He studied German.  It also can be used to express past facts or generalizations: People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.  It can also refer to a past state: I knew how to fight even as a child.
  8. 8. What is the use?  Simple past also can be used with conditionals, for example “Wish”: I wish I knew how to dance Tango.  We can use it to express an indirect speech: He said he wanted to go to England.
  9. 9. Some important data  Simple past could usually be accompanied with a time adverb, or with an adverbial phrase: Yesterday Two days ago Last night The day before yesterday A while ago Last year Three days ago Last month Last week, and so on…  When any adverb appears at the front of a sentence, it is usual to use a comma afterwards. A comma is not usually used when the adverbial phrase appears at the back of a sentence. But this is not a strict rule. A comma helps to read.
  10. 10. How can we make it up?  We make the simple past just like the simple present except we use 'did' instead of 'do / does'. It's really easy because 'did' doesn't change, even with 'he / she / it'.  Auxiliary DID can be used for all the subject pronouns. When we use it (auxiliary DID) the main verb must be in SIMPLE PRESENT because DID turns it into SIMPLE PAST.  DID only can be used in interrogative and negative structures, but DID can be used in affirmative form in expanded (emphatic) simple past.
  11. 11. Affirmative Form  To make it up, we use a verb in simple past.  There is no addition of “-s” for the third person singular as in the simple present. So, there is no need to change the way of write the verb in simple past.
  12. 12. Affirmative Form
  13. 13. In SIMPLE PRESENT Complement DID plus negative particle NOT Main verb I, you, he, she, we, you, they Auxiliary DID Subject Negative Form The rest of the sentence
  14. 14. Interrogative form DID Subject Comlement Question mark Verb in simple present
  15. 15. Negative question  Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they not help?  Didn't I/you/he/she/it/we/they help?
  16. 16. Simple past with WH questions  Also, we often use simple past with WH questions (or WH words) to talk or ask the mood (or time) when something happened, started and/or ended. Those sentences only can be in affirmative or interrogative form When you called me, my mom arrived to home. How did you do so much noise last night? Why didn’t you tell me anything?
  17. 17. Simple past with adverbs  The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. 1. You just called Debbie. 2. Did you just call Debbie?  The adverb must be placed BEFORE of the verb.
  18. 18. Graphic examples
  19. 19. Graphic examples
  20. 20. Bibliography      