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Prairie Restoration on Joint Base Lewis McChord
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Prairie Restoration on Joint Base Lewis McChord

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Presentation given by: Jon Richardson, Biologist JBLM Fish and Wildlife Program

Presentation given by: Jon Richardson, Biologist JBLM Fish and Wildlife Program

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Prairie  Restora+on   on  JBLM   JBLM  Fish  &  Wildlife   Program  Mission:     maintain,  and  enhance   the  various  ecosystems   on  the  installation  to   promote  native   biodiversity  and  support   the  military  mission.   John  Richardson   Joint  Base  Lewis-­‐McChord   Fish  and  Wildlife  
  • 2. ≈97%  Of  Prairie   Habitat  Lost  
  • 3. Types  of  Habitat  Loss   Habitat  Degradation   Forest  Encroachment     Urban  Development   Conversion  to  Agriculture  
  • 4. Prairie  Restora7on   3  Phases   !  1st  Phase  Removal  of   Invasive  Species   !  3  Methods  of  Removal   !  Mechanical   !  Chemical   !  Fire   !  2nd  Phase  Planting   Native  Vegetation    
  • 5. Plant  and  Seed  Produc7on   Seed  Beds   Sustainable  Prisons  Project  
  • 6. Restore  Ecosystem  Processes   Corner  Stone  of  Prairie  Restoration  
  • 7. Glacial  Outwash  Prairie   Ponderosa  Pine   Garry  Oak   Fire  Dependent  Ecosystems  in   Western  Washington   !  Adapted  to  Frequent  Low  Intensity  Fires   !  Historically  Maintained  Through  Burning  by  Native   Americans    
  • 8. Role  of  Fire  in  Ecosystems   !  Nutrient  cycling   !  Stimulation  of  seed  production  and  plant  germination   !  Control  invasive  species  eg.  Scot’s  broom   !  Reduction  of  pests   !  Creates  complex  ecosystems   !  Prevents  encroachment  of  less  fire  adapted  species   !  Reduce  risk  of  catastrophic  fire      
  • 9. Typical  Low  Intensity  Fire  on  JBLM  
  • 10. Before  and  AKer  Fire   2010   2011  
  • 11. Habitat  Exclusions  
  • 12. Principals  of  Ecological  Fire  Use   ! Allow  fire  to  act  in  its  natural  role   ! Fire  Regime   ! No  fixed  return  interval  (1-­‐3  years)   ! Carefully  Reintroduce  Fire   !  Create  artificial  mosaics  as  fire  re-­‐introduced    
  • 13. Conclusion   !  Prairie  Restoration  is  Difficult  NOT  Impossible     !  Key  Focus  Conserve  What  Remains   !  No  Fire  =  No  Prairie  
  • 14. Ques7ons?   !  Contact  Information     !  John  Richardson   !  John.f.richardson1.ctr@mail.mil   !  253-­‐966-­‐6447