Surfing is a surface water sport in which theparticipant, referred to as a "surfer", rides a surfboardon the forward face of a wave, which is most oftencarrying the surfer towards shore.
The riding of waves has likely existed since humans beganswimming in the ocean. In this sense, bodysurfing is theoldest type of wave-catching. Standing up on what is nowcalled a surfboard is a relatively recent innovation developedby the Polynesians. The influences for modern surfing can bedirectly traced to the surfers of pre-contact Hawaii.
Surfers usually surf in the Ocean but is also done in wave pools.
History:The art of surfing, called heenalu in the Hawaiianlanguage, was first described in 1769 by Joseph Banks onthe HMS Endeavour during the first voyage of CaptainJames Cook. Surfing was a central part of ancientPolynesian culture and predates European contact. Boardsback then where made out of wood. Hawaiian peopleintegrated surfing into their culture and made surfing moreof an art than anything else.
Surfing is still not a Olympic sport yet but it is a sport andthere a lot of surfing competition all over the world eachyear.
Three major subdivisions within stand-up surfing are: Longboarding Stand up paddle surfing ShortboardingReflecting differences in board design, including surfboard length, ridingstyle, and the kind of wave that is ridden.
The Guinness Book of World Records recognized a 78 footwave ride filmed by ESPN as the largest wave eversurfed.
MLA citations:* "Surfing." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 09 Aug. 2012. Web. 10 Sept. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surfing>.* "When Did Surfing Become an Olympic Sport?" Wiki Answers. Answers, n. d. Web. 10 Sept. 2012.<http://wiki.answers.com/Q/When_did_surfing_become_an_Olympic sport>.