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Week7 Flw

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  • 1. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT 1867-1959 SPRING GREEN, WI
  • 2. PHILADELPHIA CENTENNIAL EXHIBITION 1876
  • 3. FRIEDRICH FROEBEL 1782 – 1852 KINDERGARTEN CONCEPT Through guided play, children were introduced to pattern making, beauty, harmony, aesthetics, and structure, as well as basic geometric and mathematical concepts.
  • 4. FRIEDRICH FROEBEL FROEBEL GIFTS
  • 5. FRIEDRICH FROEBEL FROEBEL GIFTS “…the maplewood blocks…are in my fingers to this day.”
  • 6. WAINWRIGHT BUILDING 1983 CHICAGO LOUIS SULLIVAN--WRIGHT MENTOR
  • 7. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO LOUIS SULLIVAN TRANSPORTATION BUILDING
  • 8. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO LOUIS SULLIVAN TRANSPORTATION BUILDING
  • 9. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO LOUIS SULLIVAN TRANSPORTATION BUILDING
  • 10. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO MASTERPLAN BURNHAM/OLMSTED
  • 11. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO DANILE BURNHAM-WHITE CITY
  • 12. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO DANILE BURNHAM-WHITE CITY
  • 13. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO WHAT ELSE WRIGHT SAW
  • 14. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO WHAT ELSE WRIGHT SAW
  • 15. COLUMBIAN EXPO 1983 CHICAGO WHAT ELSE WRIGHT SAW
  • 16. WRIGHT’S INTEREST IN JAPANESE PRINTS
  • 17. WRIGHT’S INTEREST IN JAPANESE PRINTS
  • 18. WRIGHT’S INTEREST IN JAPANESE PRINTS
  • 19. WRIGHT’S INTEREST IN JAPANESE PRINTS
  • 20. WRIGHT’S INTEREST IN JAPANESE PRINTS
  • 21. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT NINE POINTS OF THE PRAIRIE HOUSE TYPE FIRST: TO REDUCE THE NUMBER OF NECESSARY PARTS OF THE HOUSE AND THE SEPARATE ROMS TO A MINIMUM, AND MAKE ALL COME TOGETHER AS ENCLOSED SPACE SO DIVIDED THAT LIGHT, AIR AND VISTA PERMEATED THE WHOLE WITH A SENSE OF UNITY. SECOND: TO ASSOCIATE THE BUILDINGS AS A WHOLE WITH ITS SITE BY EXTENSION AND EMPHASIS OF ALL THE PLANES PARALLEL TO THE GROUND, BUT KEEPING THE FLOORS OFF THE BEST PART OF THE SITE, THUS LEAVING THAT BETTER PART FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH THE LIFE OF THE HOUSE. EXTENDED LEVEL PLANES WERE FOUND USEFUL IN THIS CONNECTION. THIRD: TO ELIMINATE THE ROOM AS A BOX AND THE HOUSE AS ANOTHER BY MAKING ALL WALLS ENCLOSING SCREENS- -THE CEILINGS AND FLOORS AND ENCLOSING SCREENS TO FLOW INTO EACH OTHER AS ONE LARGE ENCLOSURE OF SPACE, WITH INNER SUBDIVISIONS ONLY. MAKE ALL HOUSE PROPORTIONS MORE LIBERALLY HUMAN, WITH LESS WASTED SPACE IN STRUCTURE AND STRUCTURE MORE APPROPRIATE TO MATERIAL, SO THE WHOLE MORE LIVABLE. LIBERAL IS THE BEST WORD. EXTENDED STRAIGHT LINES OR STREAMLINES WERE USEFUL IN THIS.
  • 22. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT NINE POINTS OF THE PRAIRIE HOUSE TYPE FOURTH: TO GET THE UNWHOLESOME BASEMENT UP OUT OF THE GROUND, ENTIRELY ABOVE IT, AS A LOW PEDESTAL FOR THE LIVING-POSITION OF THE HOME, MAKING THE FOUNDATION ITSELF VISIBLE AS A LOW MASONRY PLATFORM ON WHICH THE BUILDING SHOULD STAND. FIFTH: TO HARMONIZE ALL NECESSARY OPENINGS TO OUTSIDE OR TO INSIDE WITH GOOD HUMAN PROPORTIONS AND MAKE THEM OCCUR NATURALLY--SINGLY OR AS A SERIES IN THE SCHEME OF THE WHOLE BUILDING. THE ROOM AS SUCH WAS NOW THE ESSENTIAL ARCHITECTURAL EXPRESSION, AND THERE WERE TO BE NO HOLES CUT IN WALLS AS HOLES ARE CUT IN A BOX, BECAUSE THIS WAS NOT IN KEEPING WITH THE IDEAL OF PLASTIC. CUTTING HOLES WAS VIOLENT. SIX: TO ELIMINATE COMBINATIONS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS IN FAVOR OF MONO MATERIALS SO FAR AS POSSIBLE; TO USE NO ORNAMENT THAT DID NOT COME OUT OF THE NATURE OF THE MATERIALS, TO MAKE THE WHOLE BUILDING CLEARER AND MORE EXPRESSIVE AS A PLACE TO LIVE IN, AND GIVE THE CONCEPTION OF THE BUILDING APPROPRIATE REVEALING EMPHASIS. GEOMETRICAL OR STRAIGHT LINES WERE NATURAL TO THE MACHINERY AT WORK IN THE BUILDING TRADES, SO THE INTERIORS TOOK ON THIS CHARACTER NATURALLY.
  • 23. FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT NINE POINTS OF THE PRAIRIE HOUSE TYPE SEVEN: TO INCORPORATE ALL HEATING, LIGHTING, PLUMBING SO THAT THESE SYSTEMS BECAME CONSTITUENT PARTS OF THE BUILDING ITSELF. THESE SERVICE FEATURES BECAME ARCHITECTURAL AND IN THIS ATTEMPT THE IDEAL OF AN ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE WAS AT WORK. EIGHT: TO INCORPORATE AS ORGANIC ARCHITECTURE--AS FAR AS POSSIBLE-- FURNISHINGS, MAKING THEM ALL ONE WITH THE BUILDING AND DESIGNING THEM IN SIMPLE TERMS FOR MACHINE WORK. AGAIN ALL STRAIGHT LINES AND RECTANGULAR FORMS. NINE: ELIMINATE THE DECORATOR. HE WAS ALL CURVES AND ALL EFFLORESCENCE. IF NOT ALL “PERIOD.”
  • 24. Frank Lloyd Wright A Fireproof House for $5000 For the Ladies Home Journal, April 1907
  • 25. Frank Lloyd Wright A Fireproof House for $5000 For the Ladies Home Journal, April 1907 “No attic, no “butler’s pantry,” no back stairway have been planned; they would be unnecessarily cumbersome in this scheme, whiCH is trimmed to the last ounce of the superfluous.” Estimate of Cost: Concrete construction, masonry and plastering ... $3100 Carpentry, millwork, sash-door and screen, labor and trimming ... $1100 Plumbing and furnace ... $460 Wiring ... $70 Painting and glazing ... $160 Hardware ... $90 (Subtotal = $4980) If magnesite floors are used add $320 TOTAL ... $5300
  • 26. Wasmuth portfolio 1910 Ausgefuhrte Bauten und Entwurfe von Frank Lloyd Wright Berlin Publisher Ernst Wasmuth produced a two-volume folio of 100 lithographs con- taining plans and perspectives of Frank Lloyd Wright’s buildings from 1893-1909.
  • 27. Wasmuth portfolio 1910 DANA HOUSE
  • 28. Wasmuth portfolio 1910 WILLITS HOUSE