Introduction to allergy
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Allergies are becoming increasingly common in Australia for a range of reasons. These slides were developed for a course created to help the community better understand and more effectively manage ...

Allergies are becoming increasingly common in Australia for a range of reasons. These slides were developed for a course created to help the community better understand and more effectively manage allergies.

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Introduction to allergy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to AllergyKaren ArcherNaturopath – Herbalist – IridologistThe Complete Health & Wellness Centre
  • 2. What will be covered? Session 1  Statistics on allergy  Type of allergy – environmental, ingested, contact, injected.  What the body is doing in allergic reaction  Common causes Session 2  Medical treatment  Naturopathic treatment  Food and nutrients to address allergy and intolerance  Other strategies to improve the problem2 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 3. Welcome to Spring!!!!!! Most of us love spring – except for those who suffer from allergy. For allergy sufferers spring is misery... We will discuss spring fever but other allergy also.3 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 4. What is allergy? Allergy is defined as an immune-mediated, hypersensitive inflammatory response to an allergen in an individual that may be harmless in other individuals. Allergens include food, pollen, perfume. What else? Australia has one of the highest allergy prevalence in the world.4 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 5. Allergy or Intolerance? We need to careful about using the term ‘allergy’ because in some people we are talking about ‘intolerance’ rather than allergy. There are important differences between the two and treating them effectively requires different strategies.5 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 6. Symptoms Allergy  GI Pain/Discomfort  Swelling  Diarrhoea  Breathing difficulty  Mucous  Hives  Hyperactivity  Sneezing  Mood swings  Sinusitis  Fatigue  Mucous  Dark circles under eyes  Rash Intolerance  Bloating6 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 7. Causes of Allergy Foods – dairy, nuts, salicylates Dust Pollen Mould Grasses Chemicals – SLS, toluene7 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 8. What happens in allergy? When the allergen is ingested, inhaled, injected or absorbed, the body recognises the object as a foreign body and enacts a defence. This is a natural protection but in allergy/intolerance the defence mechanism overreacts and creates havoc in the body. Inflammation, swelling, pain which is inappropriate for the situation8 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 9. The Immune System Protects us from disease. Without an immune system we would be overcome and die. To function properly our immunity must be highly adaptable, as pathogens can quickly change to avoid detection by our immune cells. Therefore immunity is complex We are born with innate immunity and develop acquired immunity. Both innate and acquired immunity depend on the ability to differentiate between self and non-self. 9 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 10. Innate vs Adaptive ImmunityInnate immune system Adaptive immune system Pathogen and antigen specificResponse is non-specific responseExposure leads to immediate Lag time between exposure andmaximal response maximal responseCell-mediated and humoral Cell-mediated and humoralcomponents components Exposure leads to immunologicalNo immunological memory memoryFound in nearly all forms of life Found only in jawed vertebrates 10 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 11. Immunity flowchart11 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 12. How do we develop immunity? During pregnancy immune cells are transferred via the placenta During birth, babies are covered in immune cells as they pass through the birth canal During breastfeeding, colostrum and mothers milk provide immune cells Coming into contact with microbes develops immunity12 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 13. Difference between Allergy & Intolerance… There are 4 types of allergic reaction: Type 1 – Anaphylactic reactions are associated with IgE hypersensitivity reactions. This occurs when cells have come into contact with the allergen and become sensitised, no observable reaction occurs at this point. But when the allergen is encountered a second time, this is when the anaphylaxis occurs and can be very frightening for the patient and observers. Peanut allergy is an example. Type 2 – Cytotoxic occurs when IgG and IgM antibodies react to a person’s own tissue and cells. Type 3 - Immune complex involves IgG and IgA reactions and is seen in food intolerances. Type 4 – Delayed Hypersensitivity Reactions occurs when 12-72 hours passes before the observable reaction is noted. This makes it very hard to identify the allergen.13 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 14. Ig? Antigens Immunoglobulin (Ig) is another name for an antibody Y shaped Antibody Made when a foreign body is detected by the immune system There are specific to particular foreign bodies Diff: shape of the arm14 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 15. IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG Immunoglobulin Isotypes/classes of MammalsIgA Found in mucosal areas, such as the gut, respiratory tract, urogenital tract, saliva, tears, and breast milk and prevents colonization by pathogens.IgD Functions mainly as an antigen receptor on B cells that have not been exposed to antigens. It has been shown to activate basophils and mast cells to produce antimicrobial factors.IgE Binds to allergens and triggers histamine release from mast cells and basophils, and is involved in allergy.IgG In its four forms, provides the majority of antibody-based immunity against invading pathogens. The only antibody capable of crossing the placenta to give passive immunity to the foetus.15 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 16. How else are we protected? Skin barrier Tear Urine White Mucous GI flora Stomach Acid16 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 17. Statistics Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) currently affects 1/10 children aged 6-7 years 1/6 children aged 13-14 years 2/5 adults Asthma currently affects 1/5 children 1/10 adults Eczema currently affects 1/6 children aged 6-7 years 1/10 children aged 13-14 years 1/14 adults17 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 18. Statistics Allergy expert Prof Katie Allen says Australian children have the highest recorded rate of food allergies in the world and warns the statistics could translate into a wave of chronic diseases. 1:10 children have a food allergy. Why? Any theories?18 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 19. Possible reasons: Medical:  Food proteins  Non food proteins  Toxins  Genetics  Hygiene theory  Environmental factors19 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 20. Possible reasons: Dietary change Modern farming practices Modern living standards Heredity Hygiene theory Overuse of Antibiotics Lack of breastfeeding and vaginal birth Low stomach acid, poor GI function and wrong intestinal bacteria20 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 21. SESSION 2 Medical treatment  Diagnostic methods  Medication Naturopathic treatment  Diagnostic methods  Food and nutrients to address allergy and intolerance  Other strategies to improve the problem21 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 22. Medical Approach - Diagnostic Methods Only deal with Allergy – not interested in intolerance Symptoms Medical History Testing  Full Blood Count  White Cell Count  Skin prick test  Coeliac testing22 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 23. Medical Approach - Medication & Treatment Antihistamines relieves itch and redness Antibiotics kill bacteria Cortisone (Prednisone) is an immunosuppressant, calming the overactive immune response to allergens and anti-inflammatory. Ventolin relieves bronchospasm Seretide/Symbicort is a combination corticosteroid and bronchospasm reliever Dynastat – Cox 2 inhibitor used to calm inflammation, pain and swelling (urticaria, asthma) Ibuprofen/Aspirin – NSAID for pain relief and reduce swelling. Epinephrine – EPI pen – relieves anaphylaxis CoQ10 should be given with corticosteroids to avoid corticosteroid induced myopathy. Some risk of Oestoporosis also exists.23 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 24. Naturopathic Approach - Diagnostic methods Symptoms Family and Medical History Pathology and Functional Testing  IgG Food tests Iridology Live blood analysis * Kinesiology *  Identify the CAUSE  Treat the CAUSE…24 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 25. Check the Gut Regardless of the allergic/intolerant picture, I always check the gut… 80% of our immunity cells are in our gut, therefore any immune dysfunction must address problems there Poor digestion, bloating, wind/burping, constipation, diarrhoea, food cravings… 25 Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop
  • 26. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsAsthma - Prevention Remove allergens  Support immunity  Phthalates and other organic  guard against colds/flus  bronchial asthma compounds ie paint ie carpet, dust, bedding, curtains,  Nutritionally adequate diet  keeping areas dander and dust free, pets,  Smoke including passive  insects ie cockroaches, perfumes and cosmetics,  Some foods:  Sulphites, Dairy  cold air/cold liquids, sport,26 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 27. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsAsthma Apply castor oil packs to the promotes bronchospasm Note: back, lung and kidney areas Western diets are low in Mg Apply mullein oil to unplug the  Flavonoids (quercetin) reduces bronchial tubes histamine release Vitamin C reduces wheezing –  High strength B complex – anti kiwi fruit, citrus stress and support the immune fruits, guava, berries system . Studies show that some B’s have an inhibitory Licorice tea – relieves bronchial effect on mast cells irritation  COQ10 – see medication note Omega 3 fats reduces inflammation Magnesium 400mg/d antagonises Calcium, which27 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 28. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsAsthma Other:  Adhatoda  Avoid triggers  Albizia  Support immunity  Marshmallow  Reduce stress  Coleus  Moderate physical exertion – Yoga  Drosera esp breathing exercises  Euphorbia  Correct & Support digestive function  Licorice  Avoid food additives for their link to allergy/intolerance  Grindelia  Diaphragm can push into the lung  Picchoriza cavity, eat lightly, reduce gas  Ginkgo producing foods, avoid overeating and excessive weight.  Baical skullcap Herbs:28 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 29. Naturopathic – Treatment OptionsEczema/Atopic Dermatitis Affects 12% of the population, predominantly in children but does continue into adulthood. Many things contribute to this condition which is not life threatening but reduces QOL. Many things can contribute: FH, Stress, Food intol, intestinal dysbiosis, candida overgrowth, poor digestive function29 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 30. Naturopathic – Treatment OptionsEczema/Atopic Dermatitis Consider Food intolerance  In all cases we do gut healing testing (take a test result) IgG work and boost the good test bacteria in the large intestine. Slippery Elm, Glutamine, Aloe But as first start Dairy and GF vera, Turmeric, Quercetin until arrives Otherwise exclude for 3m and then move to the next suspect food Or low reactive diet – pear, rice, lamb and most vege for 3m30 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 31. Naturopathic – Treatment OptionsEczema/Atopic Dermatitis Reduce AA – red meat and dairy  Stress can be a major factor in causing flare ups but is not the Increase Omega 3 intake – fish, flax initiating factor. Develop stress Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, busting techniques – breathing, yoga, Zinc, EFAs, changing jobs, changing partner, exercise, nervous system support Probiotics – Lactobacillis sp. (B’s, herbs, neurotransmitters, Herbs: depuratives, immune herbs magnesium) but not the focus  Topicals AVOID External chemicals –  Chickweed perfumes, cosmetics, skin topicals, clothes detergents and softeners.  Calenda Soap is not a good idea b/c it strips  German chamomile the acidic mantle of the skin. Liquid body wash is better but in a SLS free  Manuka honey formula.  Vitamin E 31 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 32. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsHayfever/Allergic rhinitis Determine the cause via a skin  Drink lots of water to flush out prick test or RAST; AND the body, reduces inflammation REMOVE IF POSSIBLE and thins the mucous Prepare for spring: By starting  Identifying any underlying GI early with disorders such as poor supplements, removing dairy digestion which causes from the diet because of the systemic inflammation and mucous forming element. bowel flora imbalance. Urine test can identify this. Saline spray/Neti pot – antibacterial and cleanses the  Adequate sleep, rest and nasal passages exposure to fresh air. Steam bath containing  Apply hot packs to the mucous eucalyptus/tea tree/thyme oil membranes, volatile oils32 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 33. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsHayfever/Allergic rhinitis Proteolytic enzymes  Highly nutritious but easily digested diet ie. Soups, cooked Zinc foods eg porridge instead of Horseradish muesli. Steamed vege instead of salad. Garlic  Reduce sugar as it interferes Nettle with the immune system Marshmallow  Warming drinks Echinacea Albizia Reishi & Shiitake Mushrooms Antioxidants33 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 34. Naturopathic - Treatment OptionsHives/Chronic Urticaria Allergic component, candida Caused by Th1/Th2 balance. Mast cell degranulation. Herbs: Perilla, Baical skullcap, Feverfew, Ginger Dietary aspect Low reactive diet Anti-Candida diet IgG food intolerance testing Inspect GI health and bowel flora In all cases we do gut healing work and boost the good bacteria in the large intestine. Slippery Elm, Glutamine, Aloe vera, Turmeric, Quercetin34 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 35. Naturopathic Treatment OptionsSinusitis Very similar to Hayfever except when Chronic Colloidal silver – antibacterial, good for infection in boney spaces Herbs for immune support Water for flushing35 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 36. Naturopathic Treatment OptionsFood Allergy & Intolerance Food Allergy – can improve over time Food Intolerance – definitely improves over time Foods contain a huge range of substances that we can be allergic/intolerant to  Proteins  Amines  Salicylates  Additives36 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 37. Naturopathic Treatment OptionsFood Allergy & Intolerance Consider Food intolerance testing (IgG test) But as first start Dairy and GF until test result arrives Otherwise exclude for 3m and then move to the next suspect food Or low reactive diet – pear, rice, lamb and most vege for 3m37 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 38. Naturopathic Treatment OptionsFood Allergy & Intolerance In all cases we do gut healing work and boost the good bacteria in the large intestine. Slippery Elm, Glutamine, Aloe Vera, Turmeric, Quercetin 38 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 39. Naturopathic Treatment OptionsFood Allergy & Intolerance Cross reactivity Some children who are allergic to cows milk protein also show a cross sensitivity to soy-based products. People with latex allergy often also develop allergies to bananas, kiwi, avocados, and some other foods39 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 40. Final note: More than one allergy can contribute to symptoms and then food intolerances can further complicate the picture. I try to be a detective when it comes to allergic symptoms because there can be no complete improvement without addressing the whole picture.40 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688
  • 41. Thanks for attending! The Complete Health & Wellness Centre Shop 2, 5 Murray Street PORT MACQUARIE Mob: 0432 978 688 Email: contact@karenarcher.com.au Website: karenarcher.com.au41 10/09/2012 Allergy Workshop Karen Archer - Naturopath - Mob: 0432978688