An Emerging Market Opportunity For Global Manufacturers & Suppliers Ofapparel Fabrics & Accessories

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  • 1. India 印 度 An Emerging Market Opportunity for Global Manufacturers & Suppliers of Apparel Fabrics & Accessories 一個為全球成衣布料及配件製造商 & 供應商浮現的商機
  • 2. India’s Textile Industry 印 度 的 紡 織 工 業
    • Produces 42,000 million sq mtrs of Fabric per year
    • 布料年產量達 420 億平方公尺
    • 5,000 million pieces of Readymade Garments per year
    • 成衣年產量達 50 億件
    • Fiber breakup of Fabrics is as follows :
    • 布料的成份分析如下 :
    • - 43% Cotton
    • 43% 棉
    • - 14% Cotton blended
    • 14 % 混紡棉
    • - 42% Non-Cotton
    • 42% 非棉質
    • - 01% Others
    • 01% 其他
    Varied and Diverse Base 各式各樣的成份
  • 3. Textile Map of India
  • 4. Textile Exports – Current Scenario 紡 織 品 輸 出 – 現 況
    • Readymade Garments make up US$ 6.1 billion
    • 成衣總值為 61 億美元
    • Cotton Textiles is US$ 3.5 billion
    • 棉紡織品總值為 35 億美元
    • Man-made Textiles is US$ 1.8 billion
    • 人造 合成紡織品總值為 18 億美元
    • Silk, Woollen and others is US$ 1.6 billion
    • 絲綢織品 羊毛織品及其他織品金額 總值為 16 億美元
    • ( 匯率兌換 @ Rs. 43.5 = US$)
    India exports a total of US$ 13 billion worth of Textile Products, of which 印度紡織品出口總值為 130 億美元 , 包括 :
  • 5. Imports of Textiles into India 印 度 紡 織 品 進 口 Source: DGCIS, Kolkata 347.90 (mn sq mtrs) 84.22 68.40 Fabrics 布料 165 177 139 Yarn 紗 523 817 611 Fiber & Fiber waste 纖維及纖維廢料 2003-04 (Figures in tons) ( 計算 單位 : 噸 ) 2002-03 2001-02
  • 6. Apparel Industry in India 印 度 的 成 衣 工 業 (Figures in US$ billion) ( 單位 ; 十億 美金 ) 23.00 18.75 18.07 Total production of Apparel 成衣總生產量 16.90 13.80 13.30 Domestic availability of Apparel 國內的成衣需求量 6.10 4.95 4.77 Exports of Apparel 成衣出口 2004-05 2003-04 2002-03
  • 7. Major Supplying Countries to India 主 要 的 供 應 國 家 (Figures in US$ million) ( 單位 : 百萬美金 ) (Arranged in descending order as on 2003-04) 2,021.96 1,645.47 1,537 All countries 55.02 53.21 42.33 Thailand 55.17 86.54 58.30 Indonesia 63.21 55.95 30.29 Hong Kong 76.35 40.15 50.22 Nepal 109.30 117.32 130.60 Australia 123.06 101.07 97.90 Korea. S 126.62 110.25 114.91 Taiwan 185.15 123.15 173.45 USA 492.46 331.02 252.95 China 2003-04 2002-03 2001-02
  • 8. India Brimming with Opportunities 印 度 到 處充 滿 機 會
    • Average GDP growth is 7% and will keep increasing
    • 平均國內生產總值成長 7%, 並且將維持成長
    • Industrial production growth 8.5% in 2004-05 – fastest in 8 years
    • 在 2004-05 之間工業生產成長 8.5% - 是 8 年中成長最快的時期
    • 300 million middle class consumers with strong purchasing power
    • 有 3 億的中產階級消費者 , 以及 強大的購買力
    • Penetration of reforms in rural sector is increasing purchasing power & improved living
    • 農村的 積極 改革讓購買力增加及生活改善
    With continuous economic reforms and integration with the Global Economy, India is providing a host of opportunities. Some strong indicators: 印度與全球經濟一起 , 以不斷的經濟改革和整合 , 提供許多的商機 . 幾個優秀的指標如下 :
  • 9. India Brimming with Opportunities… 印 度 到 處 充 滿 機 會
    • Improved literacy in rural India, expanding job opportunities + increasing incomes create new markets
    • 印度農村的識字人口已改善 , 擴大中的工作機會 + 增加中的收入創造了新市場
    • Indian economy fast integrating with world economy
    • 印度的經濟與世界經濟快速成為一體
    • Focus on modernization, upgradation of technology & building of large-sized units to increase price competitiveness and enlarged job opportunities
    • 專注現代化 , 科技和大型單位建築物的升級層次 , 提高價格競爭 力 及擴大工作機會
  • 10. Strong Textile-led Growth 由 紡 織 品 所 帶 領 的 強 勁 成 長
    • Export & Domestic market size is US$ 23.00 billion; expected to reach US$ 70 billion by 2010
    • 出口和國內市場規模達 230 億美元 ; 期望 在 2010 年之前達到 700 億美元
    • Apparel exports presently US$ 6.10 billion; set to rise to US$ 15 billion by 2010
    • 目前成衣出口 值為 61 億美元 ; 在 2010 年之前將增加到 150 億美元
    • Domestic Apparel Market size, currently US$ 16.9 billion expected to reach US$ 55 billion by 2010
    • 目前 國內成衣市場規模 為 169 億美元 ; 期望在 2010 年之前達到 550 億美元
    • Apparel Per Capita Consumption currently 6 pieces expected to reach 20 pieces by 2010
    • 目前每人的成衣消費量是 6 件 ; 期望在 2010 年之前達到 20 件
    Apparel Industry earmarked as one of the main engines for growth of India’s Textile Industry 成衣工業是印度紡織業成長的主要動力之一
  • 11. Government Policies 政 府 政 策
    • Peak Customs Duty on semi-finished and finished textiles brought down to 15% from 20% earlier
    • 紡織品的半成品及成品的高關稅已經從 20% 降到 15%
    • Possibilities of Specific Duties on Textiles and Apparel to be phased out
    • 紡織品及成衣特定稅的潛在價值將逐步被淘汰
    • Excise Duty continuously lowered and made optional for fabrics and garments
    • 貨物稅不斷地 降 低 , 製造了 布料和成衣的選擇性
    • Processing sector granted 10% cash subsidy for modernization
    • 加工部分 , 同意提供 10% 的現金作為現代化的補助
    • Import duty on all textile machinery reduced to 10% & on 140 items of apparel machinery to 5%
    • 所有紡織機械的進口稅降低到 10% 以及 140 項的成衣機械進口稅降至 5%.
    • Knitted garment sector de-reserved from Small Scale Industry Sector, creates tremendous potential for growth
    • 編織成衣部分已縮減自小規模工業部門 , 創造了巨大的成長潛力 .
    • Labour reforms set to be made industry friendly
    • 確實的勞工改革使製造業更便利
  • 12.
    • Government Policies
    • Special Tax benefits to textile manufacturing units
      • 10 year tax holiday.
      • Income tax at half rate for the next five years.
      • Income tax exemption for the next five year upto total investment.
      • No duties within Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and for Export Oriented Units (EOUs) located outside SEZ.
    • No import duties if exports are to EOUs.
    • 100% Foreign Investment permitted in textile manufacturing.
    • Retail sector expected to be opened for foreign investment in near future.
  • 13. Strong Textile-led Growth 由紡織品所帶領的強勁成長
    • Foreign Direct Investment in Garment sector permitted without limit
    • 國外直接投資成衣工業沒有許可限制
    • Foreign Direct Investment in Retail to be raised to 49%
    • 國外直接投資零售業將提升到 49%
    • Major International Retailers eyeing India as sourcing hub, next only to China
    • 緊接中國之後 , 主要的國際零售業者把印度看作是材料 , 零件的來源中心 .
    Therefore, the opportunities emerging in India are tremendous 因此 , 在印度浮現的機會是驚人的 .
  • 14. What does India need? 印 度 需 要 什 麼 ?
    • Performance Fabrics
    • 布料展出
    • Linen, Ramie,
    • 麻布 , 苧麻布
    • Specialized fiber based Tencel, Lycra
    • 萊克拉纖維 , Tencel 為基礎的專門纖維質料
    • Micro fiber Yarns
    • 微細纖維紗
    • Coated/laminated Fabrics
    • 上膠 / 疊層的布料
    • Special finishes in Synthetic Blends
    • 特別處理的合成纖維
    • Special and fashion Embellishments
    • 特別及流行的裝飾品
    • Technical Textiles
    • 技術性的紡織品
    • Fire proof and Ballistic-proof Fabrics
    • 防火及抗彈性疲乏的布料
    • And much more…
    • 還有更多…
    To meet its targeted requirements in apparel exports, as well as the domestic market, India needs access to a wide variety of innovative fabrics & accessories, like: 符合其在成衣出口方面的需求 , 以及國內市場 , 在布料和配件方面 , 印度需要進入一個多變化創新的領域裡面 , 例如 :
  • 15. India beckons… 印 度 吸 引 人 們 … India is increasingly opening its markets to the world…the opportunities in the Textile and Apparel sector are there for the picking 印度 正 逐漸對全世界開放她的市場…在紡織品和成衣工業方面的商機正等待被發掘
  • 16.
    • Comparing India and China
    • India’s share in global textile trade is 3%.
    • India’s textile sector could easily grow at 25-30% annually without attracting negative measures from US and EU.
    • India’s strength is variety and innovation and China’s strength is bulk production and consistent designs.
    • India’s strength is hand made textile China’s strength is machine made.
  • 17.
    • India’s Textile Market expected to be USD 60 billion by 2010.
    • India’s exports 6 billion of textiles and 6 billion of clothes annually.
    • Composition of global textile market
    • 60% polyester
    • 40% cotton
    • Composition of India’s textile market is
        • 80% cotton
        • 20% polyester
    • Taiwan could supply polyester, blended, coated, high technology fabrics, technical and specialty fabrics & textiles to India
  • 18.
    • Frequently Asked Questions
    • Q Number of textile manufacturers in India?
    • A 15,000 Export Oriented Units (EOUs) and about 50,000 more manufactures are in the domestic textiles market. There are many unregistered small time manufactures.
    • Q Centers of textile industry in India?
    • A Mumbai (Men’s wear), Delhi, Bangalore, Calcutta (Childrenwear) , Chennai (Women’s wear), Ludhiana (Hosiery & Knitwear in Punjab province), Tirpur ( Hosiery & Knitwear in Tamil Nadu Province), Indore (Madhya Pradesh province).
    • Q Average size of the factories in textile export?
    • A 500-700 machines.
  • 19.
    • Q Mode of business payment?
    • A LC at sight is the normal mode of payment.
    • Q Import duty on textile products?
    • A 15% and a counter veiling duty of 16%. These duties are not applicable within SEZs, EOUs and for units engages in re-export.
    • Q Import Tax on textile imports?
    • A Within Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and for Export Oriented Units (EOUs) there is no import duty. Units (domestic and foreign) need to give a bank guarantee towards export of goods against imports.
    • Q Limit on foreign investment in textile sector:
    • A None. 100% foreign investment is permitted in textile manufacturing. However foreign investment in retail is not allowed yet. FDI in retail sector is expected soon.
  • 20.
    • Q Norms on factory construction, wages, safety standards etc?
    • A Factory Act governs these aspects.
    • Q Labour issues?
    • A Special Labour Officers are appointed in the courts. For the in units within Special Economic Zones (SEZs) the Development Commissioner is the labour officer also.
    • Q Tax benefits within SEZs?
    • A No income tax for first 10 years
    • Income tax at half rates for next 5 years
    • exemption for the next five year upto the amount of investment in the project.
  • 21.
    • Q Minimum wage in the textile sector?
    • A For unskilled worker minimum wages could be as low as 80 USD/ month, though the figure is merely indicative.
    • Q What are land and construction costs:
    • A These vary widely from place to place
    • some SEZs offer land at USD 20,000 per acre
    • construction cost could be 15-25 USD per sq ft.
  • 22. Thank You! 謝 謝 !