Indian Textile Industry and its relations with EU


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Indian Textile Industry and its relations with EU

  1. 1. THE INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY and ITS RELATIONS WITH European Union<br />Presented by:-<br />Pallavi Gupta 500901036 ShrayJali 500901062 Sumit Sharma 500901063 <br />
  2. 2. Roadmap of the Presentation<br />Why did we choose the Indian textile industry?<br />SWOT Analysis of Indian Textile Industry<br />Agreements related to textiles<br />Government initiatives<br />European Union<br />India- EU trade relations<br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Why Indian Textile Industry?<br />Sunrise Sector<br />The textile industry is the one of the largest industries of modern India as<br /> it contributes about <br />14 % to industrial production, <br />4 % to the country's GDP <br />17 %to the country’s export earnings <br />12% share of the country's total exports basket<br /> [Source: Annual Report 2009-10 of the Ministry of Textiles]<br />Single largest employer in the industrial sector employing over 35 million people <br />
  4. 4. Indian Textile Industry<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Vision<br />To ensure the growth of the Indian textile industry at 16 percent per annum in value terms, to US$ 115 billion, by the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-2012)<br />To secure a 7 percent share in global textile trade by the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan.<br />Source: planningcommission.nic<br />
  7. 7. Catalysts for exponential growth<br />Buoyant Domestic economy<br />Substantial increase in cotton production<br />Government Policies<br />TUFS<br />Quotas<br />Expiration of MFA on 31st Dec’ 2004<br />
  8. 8. Problems and Challenges<br />Sickness<br />Obsolete Technology<br />Cotton grown per hectare of land is very low<br />Competition from man-made fibers<br />
  9. 9. FDI in Textiles<br />FDI in Textiles<br />[Source:]<br />
  10. 10. Export Promotion Councils<br />Apparel Export Promotion Council (AEPC)<br />Sponsored by Ministry of Textile<br />Monitors Quotas and conducts trade fairs<br />Cotton Textile Export Promotion Council<br />Autonomous, non-profit export promotion council<br />International face of Indian textile<br />Handloom Export Promotion Council<br />Statutory body<br />Indian Silk Export Promotion Council<br />
  11. 11. SWOT ANALYSIS<br />
  12. 12. Strengths <br />Independent and self-reliant<br />Vertical and horizontal integrated textile value chain<br />Globally competitive spinning industry<br />Low wages<br />Unique strength in traditional handlooms and handicrafts<br />
  13. 13. Weaknesses<br />Highly fragmented and technology backward textile processing sector<br />Except spinning, all other segments are predominantly in decentralized sector<br />Rigid labour laws<br />Infrastructural bottlenecks in terms of power, utility, road transport, port handling capacities etc.<br />Higher taxes and interest rates<br />
  14. 14. Opportunities<br />Large potential domestic and international market<br />Revolution in organized retailing<br />Increased disposable income<br />Availability of cheap finance<br />Emerging retail stores and malls<br />
  15. 15. Global recession triggered by a weakening dollar<br />Higher competition from China, Pakistan, Bangladesh<br />Non-availability of indigenous textile machinery.<br />Lack of domestic capital <br />
  16. 16. Porter Diamond Model<br />
  17. 17. <ul><li>Abundant availability of raw material
  18. 18. Low cost
  19. 19. Flexibility
  20. 20. Skilled labour
  21. 21. Ability to produce customized apparels
  22. 22. Dominated by unorganized sector
  23. 23. Highly competitive and fragmented
  24. 24. Entry of foreign players
  25. 25. Large domestic potential
  26. 26. Favourable demographics
  27. 27. Growing income and purchasing power
  28. 28. Growth of organized retail malls
  29. 29. Product development /design
  30. 30. Cheap and abundant raw material
  31. 31. Well developed IT capabilities
  32. 32. Developed textile machinery industry</li></li></ul><li>Agreements related to textiles<br />
  33. 33. Multi fiber agreement (MFA)<br /><ul><li>On January 1st 1974, the Arrangement Regarding the International Trade in Textiles known as the MFA came into force.
  34. 34. Non-Tariff Barriers
  35. 35. Short –term agreement
  36. 36. Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC)</li></li></ul><li>Post MFA/ ATC Scenario<br /><ul><li>In 1993, a study found that the price of cotton yarn per kilo was cheapest in India at US$ 2.79
  37. 37. In US textile and apparel imports, China and Hong Kong had higher market shares than India.
  38. 38. The effect of trade liberalization on India :
  39. 39. increased output
  40. 40. employment
  41. 41. increased profits</li></li></ul><li>Government Initiatives<br />
  42. 42. TUFS<br /><ul><li> Introduced on 1999
  43. 43. To overcome technological obsolescence and create economies of scale
  44. 44. Transition from quantitatively restricted textiles trade to market-driven global merchandise
  45. 45. Crucial for all the inter-connecting sectors such as spinning, weaving, knitting, processing and garmenting</li></li></ul><li>Money Sanctioned under TUFS<br />
  46. 46. Launched to create new textile parks of international standards.<br />Merging of APE & TCIDS<br />Objective:to provide the industry with world-class infrastructure . <br />SITP<br />
  47. 47. EUROPEAN UNION<br />
  48. 48. Birth of European Union<br />After the second world war, Politicians in several countries of Europe were convinced that the only way prevent another war in Europe is to unite the countries economically and politically<br />
  49. 49. European Union Members<br />
  50. 50. Characteristics of European Union<br />Single currency managed by European Central Bank (12/27 members)<br />Free movement of persons, goods, services and capital<br />Common Agricultural, Trade, Fisheries, Foreign and Security Policy<br />
  51. 51. India-EU Trade Relations<br />
  52. 52. Introduction<br />Relations between ancient India, Greek, and Roman empires are 2000 years old.<br />Relations between India and EU began in 1963 with EEC<br />
  53. 53. EU AND INDIA<br /><ul><li>The year 2009 marked 46 years of formal relations between India and the EU.
  54. 54. India is one of the growing economies.
  55. 55. The EU is India’s first and largest partner.
  56. 56. India-EU Round Table is a significant steps towards greater mutual cooperation in all fields.</li></li></ul><li>EU-INDIA Merchandise Trade<br />
  57. 57. Overall Cooperation Framework Between The EU And India<br /><ul><li>In 2004 India became one of the few EU “strategic partners”.
  58. 58. In addition to multilateral and bilateral negotiations with India, the European Commission works on a day to day basis.
  59. 59. To assist India in continuing its efforts to better integrate into the world economy.</li></li></ul><li>The EU-India FTA<br /><ul><li>India was an obvious partner for one of the new generation of EU FTAs launched as part of the Global Europe strategy in 2006.
  60. 60. Negotiations for such FTA were launched in June 2007 and, so far, nine negotiating rounds have been held.</li></li></ul><li>INDIA TRADE WITH EU<br /><ul><li>EU-India trade has grown impressively over the years.
  61. 61. The EU accounts</li></ul>21% of India’s total exports<br />16% of India’s total imports.<br /><ul><li>India accounts for a more limited but rapidly growing share of EU trade: </li></ul>2.4% of EU’s total exports <br />1.9 % of the EU’s total imports.<br /><ul><li>India ranked 10th in the list of the EU’s main trading partners in 2008, up from 15th in 2002.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>EU-India trade:-</li></ul> €28.6billion in 2003 to over €55billion in 2007.<br /><ul><li>EU investment to India:- </li></ul> €759million IN 2003 to €2.4billion in 2006.<br /><ul><li>EU- India trade in commercial services:-</li></ul> €5.2billion in 2002 to €12.2billion in 2006<br /><ul><li>Trade in goods</li></ul>EU goods exports to India 2009: €27.5 billion<br />EU goods imports from India 2009: €25.4 billion<br /><ul><li>Trade in services</li></ul>EU services exports to India 2009: €8.6 billion<br />EU services imports from India 2009: €7.4 billion<br /><ul><li>Foreign Direct Investment</li></ul>EU outward investment to India 2009: €3.2 billion<br />Indian inward investment to EU 2009: €0.4 billion<br /><ul><li>EU technical and financial trade assistance to India</li></ul> €13.4million <br />
  62. 62. <ul><li>In 2003, the overall global trade in textiles and clothing amounted to US $ 385 billion, of which textiles alone contributed 43%.
  63. 63. Developed countries contribute about one third of the total global exports of textile and clothing.
  64. 64. List of products and services which are exported from India.
  65. 65. India’s export stats to the world.
  66. 66. India Export to EU.</li></ul>Global Trade in Textile and Clothing<br />
  67. 67. Indian Export Of Textiles To EU <br /><ul><li>EU overpowered USA as becoming the largest market for textiles and clothing.
  68. 68. Asia predominates the EU market in both clothing and textiles, with 30% and 17 % share.
  69. 69. India is one of the leading suppliers of textile products and ranked fourth with a market share of 5.2% (US $ 0.45bn).
  70. 70. Implications on Indian Exports.</li></li></ul><li>Effects Of The Economic Crisis Since 2008<br /><ul><li>Production as well as consumption levels have experienced a sharp decrease from June 2008 to June 2009.
  71. 71. For the entire year 2009 a general decrease of 11% .
  72. 72. EU Textile and Clothing export figures, exports have decreased by 17% with a decline of textile exports by 18% and by 16% of clothing exports.
  73. 73. Since July 2009 a slow stabilization of these levels can be observed and since January 2010 a recovery is observed.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>According to FICCI, 71% of participating companies have said their organization perceives the EU as an important export market.
  74. 74. Present status of doing business with central and Eastern Europe, according to industry response:-
  75. 75. Plans for exporting the EU, Of the companies that are not presently exporting to the EU , 85% intent to export to this region in the near future. </li></ul>European Union-An important export destination<br />
  76. 76. European Union-An important export destination<br /><ul><li>According to FICCI, 71% of participating companies have said their organization perceives the EU as an important export market.
  77. 77. Present status of doing business with central and Eastern Europe, according to industry response:-
  78. 78. Plans for exporting the EU, Of the companies that are not presently exporting to the EU , 85% intent to export to this region in the near future. </li></li></ul><li>Strategies to enter into EU<br /><ul><li>There are tremendous opportunities. As per FICCI India’s trade volume with each country can easily de doubled in less than three year.</li></ul>Uniform trade regulations.<br />A uniform duty structure.<br />Common technical specification.<br /><ul><li>In those countries that have joined the EU there is a big possibility of entering into joint ventures as well as outsourcing services from these countries.
  79. 79. Good time to set up representative offices in these countries and undertake tailor-made marketing campaigns.</li></li></ul><li>conclusion<br /><ul><li>Invest in research and development.
  80. 80. India needs to move from the lower-end markets.
  81. 81. The government also needs to make policy changes like dereserving the small-scale sector.
  82. 82. Handlooms by their very nature can adopt a strategy of “niche” marketing.
  83. 83. Need for a cradle-to-grave approach.
  84. 84. Efficiency and output of handloom and power loom sectors also needs to be increased.</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><br /><br />planningcommission.nic<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />