Overview/Context Robert Southwell was a very religious man. He was a Jesuit priest who was martyred for his faith in 1595 and was later made a saint. Southwell wrote New Prince, New Pomp and many other poems whilst in prison, waiting to be hanged for his beliefs. New Prince, New Pomp is a Christian nativity poem written in adoration of the birth of Jesus Christ. Southwell’s poetry is often euphuistic and filled with antithesis and paradox. He uses imaginative imagery to explore religious emotion.
Form Statement Evidence AnalysisQuatrains of Verse one Simple, repetitive structure whichabcb rhyme and reflects the humility of Christ’s birth.alternating This form suggests the direct, honesttetrameter and truth of Southwell’s beliefstrimeterEnjambment ‘An orient pearl isThe run-on line here encourages to often found / In search on to the next line of the poem to depth of dirty complete the metaphor, just as mire.’ Southwell is encouraging us to unearth Christ’s majesty from his humble originsCaesura ‘Behold, a seely…’ The effect of the mid-line pause is to ‘With joy foreground the imperatives and allow approach, O…’ the significance of the instruction to be fully absorbed
Syntax Statement Evidence AnalysisSimple Verse one Direct style, used to convey simple,sentence types honest truths.Imperative ‘Behold’ Southwell demands we take notice andmood ‘Do homage’ respect Christ’s birthDeclarative ‘The prince Southwell conveys his personalmood himself is come convictions of religious truth. from heaven’Exclamatory ‘Alas, a piteous Reveals his strength of feeling, bothtone sight!’ admiration and despair at the arrival of ChristParallelism ‘Weigh not his Same syntactical pattern is repeated to crib…Weigh not reinforce Southwell’s message his mother’s…’
LexisStatement Evidence AnalysisAdjectives ‘seely’, ‘tender’, Creates semantic field of humility and ‘homely’, ‘piteous’ innocencePresent tense ‘trembling lies’ Present tense verbs place the reader inverbs ‘the inns are full’ the stable with the newborn childArchaisms ‘seely’ Same adjective ‘seely’ meaning ‘pitiable’ ‘wight’ is used to describe both Christ and the animals in the stable ‘weed’Paradox Stable…prince’s Southwell is famous for his use of court’ antithesis and paradox, which he uses Crib…chair of here to highlight the antithetical nature of state’ the servant king Poor attire…royal liveries’ ‘humble pomp’Demonstrative ‘This stable’ Places the reader in the context of thedeterminer ‘This crib’ nativity scene
Imagery Statement Evidence AnalysisPathetic Fallacy ‘in freezing winter Southwell uses the weather to night’ emphasise the metaphorical coldness of Christ’s receptionMetaphors ‘An orient pearl is These metaphors paint a picture of often found in Christ’s worth despite his humble depth of dirty mire’ beginnings. ‘The stable is a prince’s court’Connotations ‘in crib to shroud Foreshadows Christ’s eventual sacrifice his head’ on the cross.
Sound Statement Evidence AnalysisPlosive ‘New prince, new Emotive tone reflects Southwell’salliteration pomp’ passion for this miracle ‘parcel of his pomp’ ‘pomp is prized’Aspirant ‘highly prize his A breathless final command whichalliteration humble pomp’ encourages the reader to embrace the paradoxical nature of Christ’s adventSibilant ‘Alas, a piteous The gentle tones of hushed reverencealliteration sight!’ for the new born babe, yet tinged with sadness for his lowly and uncomfortable birth