Alison Berkley MST and Amanda Friedman MSEd, SBL     Directors of the Emerge & See Education Center
To incorporate love of learning, trust of self and the community, and respect into a fun   and developmentally sound educa...
Stimuli                                        Our Perceptions  External &                                         The 5 S...
   Many disparate parts of                                     the brain working                                     toge...
   This neurological orchestration, if you will, is how we    create a coherent picture of our world   But, what happens...
   A faulty brain-body feedback loop results in:    ◦ Mistimed signals      It’s all just “white noise”      The big pi...
fMRI scan of Temple Grandin’s speech pathways                                   © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
   Never underestimate it !    ◦ “However much brainwork may be required to play a      piano concerto or paint a picture...
   Attack the puzzle of learning by taking into    account sensory processing   Engage the senses in order to maximize a...
   “There is NO such thing as ‘non-functional’    behavior!”    ◦ Every behavior is a communication or serves some      p...
© Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
© Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
Type of              What it looks like         What it means              What can we do?behavior                  STIMMI...
   Proactive and reactive interventions   QBC – The Quick Behavioral Checklist    ◦ Are they…        Sick?        In P...
   Can be physical exercises, specific movements    and sequences of movements, large equipment,    small handheld toys, ...
Swings, Squeeze Machines, and Snoezelen, Oh My!   Vestibular Input    ◦ Swings and Swivel Boards   Deep Pressure/Sensati...
If you build it, they will regulate…   Vestibular Input    ◦ Balance Boards (CHECK THIS WITH AMANDA ON DEFINITION OF VEST...
   Our Light Therapy Room   Sensory bins   Constant Access   Music   Yoga   Obstacle Courses   Exercise Dice…yeah, ...
© Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
   Obstacle courses and the REAL PlayStations   PlaySport: the perfect combo   Adaptive Yoga   Parachute Play   Balan...
   Manageable and appropriate fidget objects   Lap toy (i.e. abacus)   Seat cushion   Minimal distractions   Environm...
   Art   Music   Self-expression   Model your creative side for your students!   Poetry, song, and dance   Talking a...
   Sebastian    ◦ Physical behavior as a way to decrease anxiety   James    ◦ Physically sick kid (GI issues, PANDAs, se...
   Sensory supports: as low-tech or as “on the fly”    as you need   Social-emotional supports: embed throughout    the ...
How about a fresh approach?Emerge & See Enlightenment      “NO CEILING         AND      NO CEMENT!”                     © ...
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Understanding sensory - Emerge & See

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Understanding sensory - Emerge & See

  1. 1. Alison Berkley MST and Amanda Friedman MSEd, SBL Directors of the Emerge & See Education Center
  2. 2. To incorporate love of learning, trust of self and the community, and respect into a fun and developmentally sound educationalprogram for students with developmental and emotional differences. ~ “Breakin’ through behavior since ’09”™ © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  3. 3. Stimuli Our Perceptions External & The 5 Senses InternalPhysiological Response Feelings Behavior Verbal, Physical, Emotional, Social © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  4. 4.  Many disparate parts of the brain working together – various instruments playing at the same time  The constant flow of inputs and outputs - sounds played by all the instruments  These signals have perfect timing and are carefully coordinated Envision the brain as a with one another –beautifully sounding orchestra sounds are harmonious © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  5. 5.  This neurological orchestration, if you will, is how we create a coherent picture of our world But, what happens when the conductor doesn’t show up?? © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  6. 6.  A faulty brain-body feedback loop results in: ◦ Mistimed signals  It’s all just “white noise”  The big picture can get lost: can’t coordinate signals properly ◦ Detours and misfirings  Speech, language and motor-planning problems  Have you seen Temple Grandin’s brain (60 minutes) ◦ Inconsistent input and output channels  Modulation issues  Attention issues  Different sensory channels fighting for cortical real estate ◦ No filter vs. too much filter ◦ All of this neurological discord manifests in the body © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  7. 7. fMRI scan of Temple Grandin’s speech pathways © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  8. 8.  Never underestimate it ! ◦ “However much brainwork may be required to play a piano concerto or paint a picture, the playing or painting is done by the hands and is a matter of touch.” ~ Harry Eyres One affects the other and vice versa ◦ Body affecting Mind: yoga, deep breathing, massage, hot showers, long walks, rigorous exercise, etc ◦ Mind affecting Body: meditation, visualization, “vegging out”, writing your thoughts down, etc. Hence, the importance of sensory supports and physically adaptive educational programs  © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  9. 9.  Attack the puzzle of learning by taking into account sensory processing Engage the senses in order to maximize and cement learning © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  10. 10.  “There is NO such thing as ‘non-functional’ behavior!” ◦ Every behavior is a communication or serves some purpose “We are Behavior Detectives!” ◦ Put yourself in their shoes ◦ Wake up and smell the pancakes “Change the brain, change the behavior!” ◦ The ‘neurological discord’ of the conductor-less orchestra manifests in the body and results in the behaviors we see and can shape! © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  11. 11. © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  12. 12. © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  13. 13. Type of What it looks like What it means What can we do?behavior STIMMING SENSORY ADDRESS SENSORY Rocking, hand flapping, Coping mechanismsPhysical NEEDS mouthing objects, for sensory Offer supports and input! aggression dysregulation SELF TALK UNDERSTAND COMMUNICATION Humming, grunting, Let them know that you Verbal They are trying to scripts, echolalia, vocal see them trying to tell us something! utterances communicate! FEELING EMOTIONAL RESPONSE Happiness, anger, EMPATHIZEEmotional Laughing, yelling, sadness, surprise, Acknowledge the hitting, crying, etc. fear, etc. emotion! DISENGAGEMENT SUPPORT Isolation, self- I want to play, but Social Help them enter into absorption, satellite I’m not sure how… meaningful interactions! effect, etc. © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  14. 14.  Proactive and reactive interventions QBC – The Quick Behavioral Checklist ◦ Are they…  Sick?  In Pain?  Thirsty or hungry?  Anxious/Scared/Overwhelmed/Nervous? ◦ If none of the above, maybe they are…  Avoiding  Escaping  Manipulating you  Just giving you a hard time © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  15. 15.  Can be physical exercises, specific movements and sequences of movements, large equipment, small handheld toys, everyday objects, etc When used properly, can satiate an intense sensory need Designed to train individual sensory input/output channels to send reliable signals Also coordinates multiple channels in increasingly complex ways Helps make the world calm and predictable Primes the brain for learning © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  16. 16. Swings, Squeeze Machines, and Snoezelen, Oh My! Vestibular Input ◦ Swings and Swivel Boards Deep Pressure/Sensation ◦ Squeeze Machine, cranial-saccral therapy ◦ Weighted Blanket Sensory Toys/Equipment ◦ Snoezelen light sources Gross-Motor Activities ◦ Trampoline, treadmill, rock climbing, Swings, Flaghouse’s Entire Catalog Oral-Motor ◦ SLP massagers, fancy chewlry MUSIC, MUSIC, MUSIC!!! © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  17. 17. If you build it, they will regulate… Vestibular Input ◦ Balance Boards (CHECK THIS WITH AMANDA ON DEFINITION OF VESTIBULAR), mini- stair master (in our gym) Deep Pressure/Sensation ◦ Squeeze vest, body sock, massage, joint compressions, brushing ◦ Weighted Pad (ours was $10) Gross-Motor Activities and Proprioceptive Input ◦ Medicine ball (or any ball for that matter), High-Five game, Push-ups, jumping jacks, wall pushes, etc ◦ Yoga (for the kids and for us!) Sensory toys ◦ Fidget objects, various textures and surfaces, textiles, ◦ Get creative and make a sensory experience in a box for kiddos of all different profiles ◦ Three Magic Words: Oriental Trading Company Oral-Motor ◦ Chewy Tubes, hand held massager, mouth swabs, chintzy chewlry MUSIC, MUSIC, MUSIC!!! © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  18. 18.  Our Light Therapy Room Sensory bins Constant Access Music Yoga Obstacle Courses Exercise Dice…yeah, that’s how we roll OT/Sensory Curricula ◦ Brain Gym ◦ Thinking Goes to School ◦ HANDLE © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  19. 19. © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  20. 20.  Obstacle courses and the REAL PlayStations PlaySport: the perfect combo Adaptive Yoga Parachute Play Balance Beam Sitting, standing, and waiting – some of the hardest goals to meet Scavenger Hunt – incorporating everything! © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  21. 21.  Manageable and appropriate fidget objects Lap toy (i.e. abacus) Seat cushion Minimal distractions Environmental modifications: windows and air conditioners Music Allow for some movement/embed movement into the lesson plan activities. © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  22. 22.  Art Music Self-expression Model your creative side for your students! Poetry, song, and dance Talking about yesterday and thinking about tomorrow © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  23. 23.  Sebastian ◦ Physical behavior as a way to decrease anxiety James ◦ Physically sick kid (GI issues, PANDAs, severe allergies, etc) ◦ Little-to-no modulation, limited control of physical outputs, over-stimulation, hyperactivity Coffee Place ◦ Twice exceptional: social anxiety paired with high cognitive functioning ◦ Separation anxiety, low confidence and poor self-image, feels out of control/helpless Roman ◦ Psycho-emotional imbalance: no boundaries, no separation of reality/fantasy, ◦ Never realized the benefit of positive behavior © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  24. 24.  Sensory supports: as low-tech or as “on the fly” as you need Social-emotional supports: embed throughout the classroom/program culture Only implement what can realistically be carried over in both the home and school environments Talk to the experts! ◦ Learn everything you can from OT, PT, Audiologists, aquatic therapists, etc… Jargon needs to be understood by all Every player on the team needs to be on the same page of the playbook! © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012
  25. 25. How about a fresh approach?Emerge & See Enlightenment “NO CEILING AND NO CEMENT!” © Friedman & Berkley Inc. 2012

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