SPEECH PRESENTATIONSending Two Messages • Voice transmits verbal • Body transmits nonverbal Visually conveyed Appearance Manner Physical Behavior Statistics More than half of human communication takes place nonverbally Speaking Before A Group Listeners base their judgment of you and your message on what they see as well as upon what they hear.
Body Language Effective tool Adds emphasis and clarity to your words. Most Powerful tool convince audience of your sincerity, earnestness, and enthusiasmEffective Speaker Understand how your body speaks Learn to control the nonverbal messages Note: physical actions that are distracting or suggest meanings that don’t agree with your verbal message, your body can defeat your words.
Continued…. Body Language ts 1.Nonverbal messages affect the audience P o in • What kinds of information they transmit to n • Nervousness can be alleviated by L ear purposeful physical actions • How to make your body speak as eloquently as your words How To • Proper speaking posture • Gestures • Body Movement • Facial Expression • Eye Contact • Positive 1st impression on audience
Continued…. Body Language Speak Louder than Words Goal Public Speaking - Communicate To Be An Effective Speaker – Actions affirm what you say Project Earnestness Enthusiasm Sincerity Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, “What you are speaks so loudly that I cannot hear what you say”Audience use visual sense to determine if you• Are sincere• Welcome the opportunity to address them• Truly believe what you’re saying• Are interested in them and care about them• Are confident and in control of the situation
Principle of Empathy Concept Of empathy Ability to share Audience mirrors in another persons the speakers emotions or feelings. attitudes CONFIDENT RELAX SINCERE SMILE Message speaker sends• Speaker uneasy: audience uneasy• Frown: audience frowns• No Eye Contact: audience feels excluded• Fidget: perceive lack of confidence and lose confidence in you and what you say
Why Physical Action Helps Messages are More memorable Capture Audience Provide visual stimuli Gestures Body Movements Facial ExpressionsPunctuationadds meaning Written language has commas, periods, exclamation points, etc.. Speaking – different set of symbols Coordinate body and voice to speak together Audience becomes bored w/static presentations We remember more of what we see than what we hear Remember best when visual and auditory senses are involved Note the more communication methods you employ, the more effectively you will communicate
Why Physical Action Helps Nervous Tension is Channeled Being nervous is healthy Top performers admit nervous before a performance True fear – inhibits you from being an effective speaker 3 Levels Fear & /Nervousness: 1. Mental 2. Emotional - conquered by self-confidence by-product of preparation and experience 3. Physical - conquered through use of gestures and body movements. Body response to public speaking Activates adrenal glands Heartbeat quickens Breathing becomes shallow and rapid Muscles tense
Five Ways to Make Your Body Speak Effectively Posture Body Facial Gestures Movements Expressions Eye Contact Five methods strengthen spoken image • Eliminate distracting mannerisms • Be Natural, spontaneous, and conversational • Let your body mirror your feelings • Build self-confidence through preparation • Use your networks as a learning laboratory
Five Ways to Make Your Body Speak Effectively Be Natural, spontaneous, and conversational Be yourself Today’s best speaking style is amplifiedEliminate distracting mannerisms Wed your actions to your words conversation’ which means Remove rocking/swaying/pacing communication and sharing of ideas Gripping or leaning on lectern Don’t imitate other speakers Tapping the fingers Strive to be genuine and natural Biting or licking lips Jingling pocket change Let your body mirror your feelings Frowning Father of modern public speaking, Dale Adjusting hair/clothing Carnegie once said, “A person under Turning the head and eyes from side to side like an oscillating fan the influence of his feelings projects the real self, acting naturally and Build self-confidence through spontaneously.” preparation Behavior directed outward instead Use your club as a learning laboratory Key to improving – Practice of inward towards your own Toastmasters club offers a ‘hands-on” anxieties Project natural qualities workshop • Sincerity Welcome feedback • Earnestness Closely heed comments made to your • Enthusiasm physical platform behavior Practice and rehears material until it becomes part of you Steps to eliminate mannerisms Don’t try to memorize verbatim Know material so that you need performed unconsciously Perform an audience evaluation only memorize the flow of ideas Begin self-monitoring during future presentations Work on one at a time if you have several problem areas
Your Speaking Posture How you position yourself reflects your attitude, confidence, alertness, and debeing in command of your speaking situationGood posture helps you breathe properlyMaking you feel and project voice!comfortable and alert it decreases minimizes random, nervous tension distracting movements.
Specific bodily movement that reinforces a verbal message or conveys a particular thought or emotion Gestures Primary body movements – hands/arms Secondary body movements – head/shoulders/legs Cultural meanings Be aware of the differences Must be purposeful Visible to audience Mean same to you and the audience Reflect what is being said Personality behind the messageWhy Gestures Most evocative form of nonverbal communication a speaker can employ Dramatize your ideas – paint a picture Convey feelings and attitude Outlet for nervous energy Function as visual aids – enhance attentiveness and retention Stimulate audience participation Highly visible Provide visual support when you address large audience
Types of Gestures Grouped into categories Descriptive– clarify or enhance a verbal message Emphatic – Convey earnestness and conviction. ex: clenched fist suggests strong feeling, such as anger or determination ex: If you want audience to raise their hands, you will raise yours Meaning of Gestures Above the shoulder level suggest physical height, inspiration, or emotional exultation Below shoulder level indicates rejection, apathy, or condemnation. Shoulder level suggest calmness or serenity Open palm held out toward audience – depends on position Palm upward – implies giving or receiving Palm downward – suppression, secrecy, completion, or stability Palm outward – halting, repulsion, negation, or abhorrence Perpendicular to speaker’s body – imply measurement, limits in space or time, comparisons, or contrasts
How to Gesture Effectively What’s right for one speaker probably won’t work for you Four Rules • Respond naturally to what you think, feel, and say ‘Natural Impulse’ • Don’t impose artificial gestures onto your natural style • Use the same gestures informally formally • Don’t change your personality just to suit public speaking situationsCreate the conditions for gesturing Suit the action to the word and the – not the gesture occasion • Own Natural outgrowth Your visual and verbal messages must act • Unique style as partners in communicating the same • Arise naturally thought or feeling • Gestures motivated by content ex: failure to match – outcome can be • Don’t think about it wooden, artificial, and sometimes • Immerse yourself in the subject comical matter and gestures will come Every gesture made should be purposeful naturally and reflective of your words Make gestures convincing Convey intended impression – lively and distinct Note gesture performed in a half hearted manner suggests that the speaker lacks conviction and earnestness
How to Gesture Effectively Hand gesture total body movement that starts from shoulder – never from elbow Move your entire armoutward from your body freely and easily and keep wrist and fingers supple, rather than stiff or tense Note Approach – begins to move in anticipation gestures should never Stroke follow a set pattern Gesture itselfmake your gestures smooth and well-timed Single gesture has 3 parts: Return Approach Brings body back Stroke to a balanced speaking Return posture Note must be smoothly executed in such a way that only the stroke is evident to the audience Timing stroke must come on the correct word to improve – Practice Practice with friends, family, and co-workers
Changing your position is the most highly visible physical action you can do as a speaker Controlled movements benefit in 3 ways 1. Support/reinforce what you say 2. Attract an audience’s attention 3. Burns up nervous energy and relieves physical tensionMeaning of Body Movements Stepping forward – arriving at an important point Step or 2 backward – concluded an idea and are willing to let the audience relax to digest the idea Lateral movement – implies a transition leaving one thought and taking up another Always lead with your foot nearest to the destination Facial Expressions Face communicates attitude, feelings, emotions Remove expressions that don’t belong on your face Note #1 rule of making body movement your ally and not your enemy is “never move without a reason”
Eye # most powerful tool of communicating Contact Audience feels important Personal connection with speaker Failure to meet eye contact indicates: Disinterest Lack of confidence Insincerity Shiftiness Feedback device: know how audience is reactingHow to use your eyes effectively 1. Know your material 2. Establish a bond 3. Monitor visual feedback Your audience will provide visual cues when speaking. Take note and adjust speech accordingly.
How to make a good first impression Appearance Best dressed person in the audience Don’t wear jewelry that glitters/jingles Empty pockets of bulky objects Before You Speak First minute Audience concludes whether you are confident, sincere, friendly, eager to address them, and worthy of their attention!Walk confidently Position yourself Make direct eye contact Thumbs Up on Gestures! Your ability to visually communicate your ideas through gestures and other forms of body language will enhance not just your presentation, but your overall effectiveness as a speaker.