Civil And Criminal Law• Civil law is about the rights and duties of people and if they have arguments using the law to solve the problem.• Some problems are: Lending and borrowing money, entering into contracts, arguments with neighbours and marriage issues.• Criminal law is about criminal offences which could be offences against society.• It deals with things like: Murder, stealing, assault and rape.
Making The law• For a request to become a bill and then a official law it has to go through a long process.• First a bill gets looked at and people speak about what the law should say then they look and question people who this law could affect and then it goes through a long process in parliament.• Here is a video explaining it all.• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-Ni-h8R2d0&NR=1
Who is who• You are probably thinking who are certain people in law and what do they do? Here is what they do.• Barrister & Solicitor: A part of the legal court in England and Wales is made up of barristers and solicitors. In history, a line divided the two jobs. With some exceptions, access to the courts rests in the hands of the barrister. The solicitor then has virtually exclusive access to the client in court.• Jury: A body of people (usually twelve)who have to say what they think about a legal and the evidence given to them in court.• Judge: An official who decides cases in a court of law.• Magistrate: An officer who administers the law for example someone who works in a court that deals with minor offenses.• Probation officer: Officers who play a role in the criminal justice system by supervising offenders who have been released from incarceration(when someone is imprisoned)• Court Clerk: A British English clerk to the court
Controversial law is a law that some people in parliament and outside of parliament don’t agree with like the death penalty. Country’s will either abolish it or use it but only in extreme murder or serial killer cases. Here is some information about it.
• Death penalty is when you have committed crime so bad that the only consequences is death.• In history the death penalty has been used a lot for example: Hanging, Electric Chair, Decapitation, Gas Chamber, Firing Squad and Lethal Injection.• Some countries like Canada have abolished the Death Penalty because people complained against use of it in the past.• Very few country’s still use the Death Penalty but these days
Reasons For Death Penalty• Some family members of crime victims may take years or decades to recover from the shock and loss of a loved one. Some even may never recover. One of the things that sometimes makes people feel better (like revenge) is if the person who committed the crime is dead.• Prisoner parole or escapes can give criminals another chance to kill. Which is probably the biggest reason to keep the death penalty.• It helps with the problem of over populated prisons because, a few people will die and that will make more space.
Reasons Against Death PenaltyThe death penalty goes against our most basic human right -the right to lifeBeing killed by a lethal injection or being electrocuted is notalways smooth and painless, sometimes it causes a painfuldeathNo-one has ever proven with numbers that killing murderersstops other people committing similar crimesMistakes are sometimes made in the law - what if someoneis killed who is actually innocent?
Dear Malcolm Wicks,I am writing to you about being able to vote at 16. I thinkthat at 16 you have a lot of responsibility and voting shouldbe one of them. If at 16 you can work full time legally, youshould be able to choose who you would like to makechanges to your job and the country.Also at 16 you are allowed to leave home without yourparents consent which should therefore mean that they getto vote and choose a prime minister who will help keepstreets safer and give them a better style of life.Active Citizen(Extension)