Ingles i prepatoria

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Ingles i prepatoria

  1. 1. PREPARATORIA ABIERTA PRIMER SEMESTRE INGLÉS I MÓDULO 1 Para preguntar sobre la identificación de un objeto (singular). What is it? ¿Qué es eso(a)? What is it? ……………………………It’s a book. What is it? ……………………………It’s an apple. What is it? ……………………………It’s ink. WHAT IS IT? Para responder: It is o la contracción It’s It’s a… Se usa cuando el objeto que se identifica empieza con consonante. It’s an... Se usa cuando el objeto que se identifica empieza con vocal. It’s... Se usa cuando el objeto que se identifica no se puede contar por sí solo. Solamente se puede usar el singular si se añade la unidad de medida, peso o recipiente. • What is it? It’s a glass of water. • What is it? It’s a bottle of milk. • What is it? It’s a spoon of sugar. VOCABULARIO bus cat chair coin dog eye horse orange table tree umbrella window book ink water milk autobus gato silla moneda perro ojo caballo naranja mesa árbol sombrilla ventana libro tinta agua leche corn cotton cream fruit Ice cream money paint rice soap sugar tea wine apple glass bottle spoon maíz algodón crema fruta helado dinero pintura arroz jabón azúcar té vino manzana vidrio/vaso botella cuchara COMPLETE (1) EJERCICIOS 1. What is it? It´s a ___________ (mesa) a. Egg b. Umbrella c. Table d. Architect 2. What is it? It´s an _______ (Sombrilla) a. Paint b. Umbrella c. Chair d. Wine 3.- What is it? It is ___________ (Dinero) a. Eye b. Tea c. Fruit d. Money 4.- What is it? It is a___________ (Gato) a. Cat b. Honey c. Fruit d. Horse 5. What is it? It´s ____________ (Arroz) a. Corn b. Tea 6.- What is it? It is an________(Naranja) a. Apple b. Fruit 1
  2. 2. c. Rice d. Tree c. Ice cream d. Orange COMPLETE (2) 7. It is a __________________ a. Cotton b. Eye c. Dog d. Milk 8. It´s ____________________ a. Horse b. Wine c. Chairs d. Window 9.- It´s an _________________ a. Apple b. Pig c. Driver d. Rice 10. It is__________________ a. Ball b. Picture c. Coin d. Ice Cream COMPLETE (3) 11. It is ____ bottle ___milk a. a / an b. an / of c. a / of d. of / an 12.-It´s __ cup ___ tea a. an / of b. a / of c. of / an d. a / a COMPLETE (4) 13. What ___ it? ___ is ___ coin. a. are / It / a b. is / There / a c. is / It / a d. is / It / of 14. What is ___? It´s ___ bottle ___ wine. a. it / of / a b. it / a / of c. it / an / of d. it / is / an 15. _____ is ___? It is _________. a. Where / it / Paint b. What / it / Tree c. Who / it / Soap d. What / it/ Corn 16. What is it? ____ is ____ animal. a. It / a b. of / an c. It / an d. It / of MÓDULO 2 Para preguntar sobre la identificación de dos o más objetos (plural). ¿WHAT ARE THEY? What are they? ¿Qué es eso(a)? What are they?..........................................They’re books. What are they?……………………………...They’re bananas. What are they?……………………………...They’re 7 tables. Para responder: They are o la contracción They’re Para convertir una palabra de singular a plural, habrá que agregarle la “s” al final, si terminan en “sh” y “ch”, se les añade al final “es” y si terminan en “y” se omite y se le añade “ies”. Existen plurales irregulares, su estructura cambia totalmente. SINGULAR PLURAL Child children Man men Woman women Tooth teeth Foot feet Leaf leaves Knife knives 2
  3. 3. Se le llama par (pair) al objeto compuesto de dos partes no independientes, y no sólo a la pareja de dos objetos. (four socks) They are two pairs of socks. Se usa para preguntar sobre la cantidad de un objeto o cosa. HOW MUCH________? How much milk?......................................four bottles of milk How much paint?………………………….five cans. How much water?…………………………one litre. Se usa para preguntar sobre el número de cosas determinadas. HOW MANY________? How many chairs?…………………………two chairs. How many houses?………………………..seven houses. How many books?…………………………one book. VOCABULARIO cheques boys gatos birds mapas onions elefantes devices arquitectos cans escritorios houses uvas brushes cigarros glasses tenedores cities huevos universitie radios cherries checks cats maps elephants architects desks grapes cigarrettes forks eggs radios 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 NÚMEROS Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Firteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen twenty 21 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 muchachos pájaros cebollas dispositivos latas casas cepillos vasos ciudades universidades cerezas Twenty one Twenty two Thirty Forty Fifty Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One hundred EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (5) 1. What are they? They are ___________ (Mapas) a. Markers b. Grapes c. Maps d. Radios 2. What are they? They are _________ (Cebollas) a. Eggs b. Onions c. Food d. Cherriers 3.- What are they? They ´re _________ (Cigarros) a. Camels b. Apples c. Houses d. Cigarrettes 4.- What are they? They are _____ (Dispositivos) a. Desks b. Forks c. Devices d. Roses 5. What are they? They ´re ___________ (Vasos) a. Glasses 6.- What are they? They are _______ (Escritorios) a. Tables 3
  4. 4. b. Radios c. Lamps d. Checks b. Elephants c. Birds d. Desks COMPLETE (6) 1. What are they? They are _____ (Tres Caballos) a. Ten horses b. Three Cats c. Sixteen d. Three Horses 2. How many brushes? _________ a. They are nine brushes b. It´s one brushes c. Forty brush d. Eleven brushes 3.- ____ are they? They ____ children. a. How/are b. What/are c. How/many d. What/six 4.- How ____ women? They are twelve _________ a. many/women b. are/women c. is/woman d. many/woman 5. What are they? They ´re ___________ (Cherry) a. Cherris b. Cherryes c. Cherries d. Cherrys 6.- What are they? They are _______ (Tooth) a. Tooths b. Toothies c. Theeths d. Theeth COMPLETE (7) 1. How ____ wine? Eight bottles ___ wine a. many/of b. much/of c. is/are d. much/is 2. How much water? _________ (12 vasos) a. Ten cups b. Twenty glasses c. Two glasses d. Twelve glasses 3.- ____ ___ men? Seven men. a. How/many b. How/are c. How/much d. What/is 4.- Identifique los siguientes objetos. Indique su cantidad al final. What is it? _________. / _______ (seis botellas de perfume) a. It´s perfume/Six cups b. Is perfume/Are six c. It´s perfume/Six bottles d. It´s a perfume/Six botlles MÓDULO 3 Para preguntar si un determinado nombre le corresponde a un determinado objeto, y para responder a esta pregunta. Is it.........?……….Yes, it is. Are they.........?……….Yes, they are. ………..No, it is not. ………..No, they are not. Is it a car?.............................…Yes, it is. Is it a ring?………………………No, it isn’t. Is it perfume?…………………...Yes, it is perfume. Are they books?………………..Yes, they are books. Are they eyes?…………………..No. they aren’t eyes. Are they cars?……………………Yes, they are. Esta pregunta se realiza para identificar la hora que marca el reloj. WHAT TIME IS IT? ¿Qué hora es? 4
  5. 5. What time is it?...........(9:00) It’s nine o’clock What time is it?...........(10:05) It’s ten five It’s five after ten It’s five past ten What time is it?...........(11:10) It’s eleven-ten It’s ten after eleven It’s ten past eleven What time is it?.............(1:15) It’s one-fifteen It’s fifteen after one It’s fifteen past one It’s a quarter after one It’s a quarter past one What time is it?.............(2:30) It’s two-thirty It’s half past two What time is it?.............(6:40) It’s six-forty It’s twenty to seven What time is it............(3:45) It’s three-forty-five It’s fifteen to four It’s a quarter to four What time is it?............(11:55) It’s eleven-fifty-five It’s five to twelve What time is it?.........(12:58) It’s twelve-fifty-eight It’s two to one VOCABULARIO ring o’clock after quarter anillo en punto después cuarto eyes time past half ojos tiempo pasado mitad EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (8) 1. Is it a check? (Cheque) a. Yes they are b. Yes it is c. No it isn´t d. Yes, is 2. Are they maps? (Monedas) a. No it isn´t b. No, they aren´t c. No are not d. Yes they are 3.- Are ____ dogs? No they _____. a. this/are b. they/are c. is/are not d. they/aren´t 4.- Is ____ an elephant? Yes it ______ a. it’s/isn´t b. they/is c. it/is d. it/isn´t 5.- What time is it? (6 en punto) a. It´s two o´clock b. It´s six c. It´s six fifty d. It´s six o´clock 6.- ____ time is it? ___ twelve thirty seven a. What/It´s b. What/is c. What/are d. How/it´s MÓDULO 4 Para preguntar quién es una persona. WHO.....? Singular: Who is o la contracción Who’s Who is he?………………………....He is Jhon Smith. Who is she?………………………...She is Mary Smith. Who am I?…………………………..I am Sheila. Plural: Who are o la contracción Who’re Who are they?…………………….They are Mr. and Mrs. Smith Who are they?……………………..They are John and Mary Who are you?……………………...They are Carmen y Carlos 5
  6. 6. PRONOMBRES PERSONALES I Yo You Tú He Él She Ella It Cosa o animal You Ustedes We Nosotros They Ellas o ellos PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS My Mi, mis Your Tu, tus, de usted His Su, sus, de él Her Su, sus, de ella Its Su, sus, de la cosa Your Tu, tus, de ustedes Our Nuestro, nuestros Their Su, sus, de ellos Identificación de personas por su posición en el diálogo. Who am I?……….I am… Identificación del hablante Who are you?…..You are... Identificación del oyente Para confirmar identidad: Are you Bill?.....................Yes, I am./No, I’m not Is she Dana?……………...Yes, she is/No, she isn’t Are they Dan and Sol?…...Yes, they are/No, they aren’t THE FAMILY mother sister daughter cousin nephew husbad grandpather aunt mother in law sister in law daughter in law mamá hermana hija primo(a) sobrino esposo abuelo tía suegra cuñada nuera father brother son niece wife grandmother parents uncle father in law brother in law son in law papá hermano hijo sobrina esposa abuela padres tío suegro cuñado yerno *El nombre seguido del apóstrofo y s, tiene el mismo valor que en español la preposición de seguida del nombre. Helen’s cousin = Prima de Helena Uso del verbo “Have” o “Has” (tener). Have se utiliza para I, you, we y they; has se utiliza para she, he e it. I have a house you have two sons he has three sisters she has a ball (it) the table has four legs we have a car you have five dogs they have a daughter COMPLETE (9) 1. Who is he? a. They are Josephine and Charles b. She is Ann c. He is Tom EJERCICIOS 2. Who are they? a. They are Dr. Jhonson b. He is Peter Jones c. They is Paul and Bob 6
  7. 7. d. He are Michael d. They are Dr. Brown and Louise 3.- Who ____ you? ___ are Jack and Bill. a. are/We b. is/I c. is/We d. are/I 4.- Are you Mary? a. No, she isn´t b. Yes, she is c. No, you aren´t d. Yes, I am 5.- _______________? Yes they are a. Are you Helen And Coby? b. Are they Alice , Joe and Clarck? c. Is it Firulais? d. Are we David and Lucy? 6.- I have two________ (hermanas) a. Sisters b. Father c. Daughters d. Aunt 7.- They ____ eight birds a. has b. are c. is d. have EJEMPLO I have a mother. She is my mother. 8.- I have a father. ____ is ____ father. 9.- I have two brothers. ______ are ____ brothers. 10.- You have five nieces. _____ are _____nieces. 11.- We have a family. _______is ______family. 12.- He has a car. ____ is _____ car. MÓDULO 5 Se usa cuando se pregunta sobre la ubicación de las personas u objetos. WHERE.......? Singular: Where is Betty? Plural. Where are the cars? Where is the ball? Where are the chairs? Where is the hand? Where are the books? PREPOSICIONES IN / INSIDE Denota ubicación de un objeto dentro de otro, que lo contiene. Where is the money? ON In the wallet. The money is in the wallet. It’s in the wallet. Denota ubicación de un objeto sobre otro, en contacto con él. Where is the typewriter? On the desk. The typewriter is on the desk. It’s on the desk. AT No denota que un objeto esté contenido en otro, ni sostenido por otro, sino que está simplemente allí en un punto determinado. Where are the children? At the window. The children are at the window. They are at the window. BESIDE Indica ubicación de un objeto al lado de otro. Where is the dog? It’s beside the cat. 7
  8. 8. OUTSIDE Indica ubicación de un objeto fuera de otro, exterior a otro, pero sin indicar ningún punto preciso de relación. Where is the tree? It’s outside the house. IN FRONT OF Indica ubicación de un objeto en relación frontal con otro. Where is the sofa? It’s in front of the TV. IN BACK OF Indica ubicación de un objeto detrás de otro. Where is the bookcase? It’s in back of the desk. BEHIND Tiene el mismo uso que in back of. Where is the cup? It’s behind the table. ABOVE Indica ubicación de un objeto en nivel superior a otro. Where is the calendar? It’s above the switch. BELOW Indica ubicación de un objeto en nivel inferior a otro. Where are the pliers? They are below the hammer. OVER Indica ubicación de un objeto por encima de otro, sin contacto entre ambos generalmente. Where are the clouds? They are over the mountains. UNDER Indica ubicación de un objeto por debajo de otro, con el cual puede estar en contacto o no. Where are the shoes? They are under the bed. ball wallet desk wastebasket cup switch hammer mountains bed chest street door wall eraser VOCABULARIO balón cartera escritorio bote de basura taza apagador martillo montañas cama taburete calle puerta pared borrador COMPLETE (10) 1. Where is the telephone? (sobre la mesa) a. It´s at the table b. It´s on the table c. It´s in the table d. It´s under the table 3.- Where are the boys? (en acapulco) a. They are in Acapulco b. They are below Acapulco c. They are above Acapulco d. They are at Acapulco hand typewriter paper bookcase calendar pliers clouds shoes feet notebook lamp mirror picture pen mano máquina de escribir papel librero calendario pinzas nubes zapatos pie cuaderno lámpara espejo cuadro/retreto pluma EJERCICIOS 2. Where are the cars? (en el garage) a. They are in the garage b. They are outside the garage c. They are over the garage d. They are in front of the garage 4.- Where is the tree? (afuera de la casa) a. It´s outside the house b. It´s behind the house c. It´s over the house d. It´s at the house 8
  9. 9. 5.- Where are clouds? (sobre la ciudad) a. They are on the city b. They are above the city c. They are over the city d. They are behind the city 6.- Where is the cat (debajo de la silla) a. It´s under the chair b. It´s on the cair c. It´s in back of the cair d. It´s in front of the chair 7.- Where is the doctor office? (Arriba de la farmacia) Doctor office = Consultorio médico a. It´s on the pharmacy b. It´s above the pharmacy c. It´s in the pharmacy d. It´s over the pharmacy MÓDULO 6 PREPOSICIONES BETWEEN Indica ubicación de un objeto en medio de otros dos. Where is the child? He’s between his parents. AMONG Indica ubicación de un objeto entre otros varios, sin precisar su posición con relación a ninguno de ellos. Where are the apples? They are among the other fruit. ACROSS Indica ubicación de un objeto al otro lado de un espacio determinado. Where is the tree? It’s across the street. ALONG Indica ubicación de un objeto a lo largo de algo. Where are the flowers? They are along the path. NEAR Indica ubicación de un objeto en proximidad con otro, que sirve de punto de referencia. (cerca de). Where is the girl. She’s near the car. FAR FROM Indica ubicación de un objeto en relación de lejanía con otro, que sirve de punto de referencia (lejos de). Where is the boy? He’s far from the car. HERE Indica el lugar donde se encuentra el hablante (aquí). Where is the fountain. It’s here. THERE Indica el lugar donde no se encuentra el hablante (allá). Where are the horses? They are there. VOCABULARIO mirror clock key flower teacher path espejo reloj llave flor maestro camino COMPLETE (11) 1. Where is the motorcycle? (entre los carros) a. It´s among the cars b. It´s between the cars fountain stone doll motorcycle blackboard girl fuente piedra muñeca motocicleta pizarrón muchacha EJERCICIOS 2. Where are the flowers? (entre el espejo y el librero). a. They are near the mirror b. They are between the mirror and the bookcase. 9
  10. 10. c. It´s along the cars d. It´s across the cars c. They are across the bookcase d. They are along the mirror and the bookcase. 3.- Where are the clouds? (cerca de las montañas) a. They are near the mountains b. They are hear the mountains c. They are far from the mountains d. They are across the mountains 4.- Where is the doll? (al otro lado de la mesa) a. It´s along the table b. It´s near the table c. It´s among the table d. It´s across the table 5.- Where are the buses? (a lo largo de la calle) a. They are across the street b. They are far from the street c. They are along the street d. They are between the street 6.- Where is the key (aquí) a. It´s here b. It´s there c. It´s near d. It´s far from 7.- Where is the teacher? (allá) a. He´s near b. He´s between c. He´s there d. He´s here Para identificar la nacionalidad o el lugar de origen de alguien. WHERE + am/is/are + sujeto + FROM? Pregunta respuesta Where is Mary from?……………………She’s from Canada. Where are you from?……………………I’m from Sonora. Where are they from?…………………..They are from Europe. Para preguntar y dar ubicación geográfica. Where is he?..............................In México. He’s in México. Where is she?.............................In England. She’s in England. IN se utiliza para indicar el lugar geográfico de donde se encuentra algo o alguién, seguido del nombre del lugar en cuestión. EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (12) 1. __________? He´s from México a. What is he? b. Where is she from? c. Where is he from? d. Where are they from? 2. Where are you from? __________ a. We are from Guerrero b. You are from Toluca c. They are from Egypt d. She is from Alaska 3.- Where are Cristina and Pablo from? a. You are from Africa b. They are from Australia c. They are Acapulco d. We are from Athens 4.- ___ are the stones __? ____ are from the moon a. Where/of/They b. What/from/It c. Who/from/They d. Where/from/They 5.- Where is José from? a. It is from Puerto Rico b. He is from Tepic c. She´s from Chihuahua d. They are from Oaxaca 10
  11. 11. MÓDULO 7 Para pedir y dar descripción señalando características o cualidades de una persona(s) o cosa(s). WHAT + am/is/are + sujeto + LIKE? Sujeto + am/is/are + adjetivo What is he like? Is he tall? or Is he short? …………. He is tall What is she like? Is she fat? or Is she thin? ………….. She is thin What are they like? Are they heavy? or Are they light?………….. They are heavy Para pedir y dar descripción señalando la característica color de las cosas. WHAT COLOR + is/are + cosa(s)? What color is our blood?………………Our blood is red. / It’s red. What color is the sky?…………………The sky is blue. / It’s blue. What color are the bananas?…………The bananas are yellow. / They’re yellow. Para describir y preguntar por la salud y el estado emocional de una persona o de un animal. HOW + is/are + sujeto(s) Sujeto(s) + is/are + adjetivo How is the boy?………………… He is happy. How are the dogs?…………….. They are ill. How is Mary?………………….… She´s sad. How is Tom?………………………….He´s sick. Para construir preguntas sobre cualidades, colores, estados emocionales o de salud. Am / is / are + adjetivo Yes, + sujeto(s) + am/is/are No, + sujeto(s) + am/is/are + NOT Is George intelligent? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Are they tired? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. Is Mandy weak? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t. tall large fast cheap troubled fat soft tired loud short little slow sad thin difficult rested dumb alto largo rápido barato preocupado gordo suave cansado ruidoso bajo pequeño lento triste delgado difícil descansado tonto ADJETIVOS old viejo weak débil good bueno happy feliz pleased placentero big grande dark oscuro sick(ill) enfermo intellegent inteligente young joven strong fuerte dangerous peligroso worse peor new nuevo hard duro well bien cold frío heavy ugly safe better angry easy wide quiet hot light beautiful expensive friendly small narrow restless square pesado feo seguro mejor enojado fácil ancho quieto caliente ligero bello caro amigable pequeño angosto inquieto cuadrado COLORES white blue blanco azul red black rojo negro 11
  12. 12. green yellow brown verde amarillo café pink orange gray rosa anaranjado gris EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (13) 1. ______________ It´s fast a. What is your house like? b. What are they like? c. What is it like? d. What is the car like 2. What is a tunnel like? (oscuro) a. It´s short b. It’s dark c. It´s light d. It´s slow 3.- What are they like? (pequeños) a. They´re small b. He´s quiet c. She is big d. It´s large 4.- What is Bob like? Is he weak? or Is he strong? (fuerte) a. He´s weak b. He´s loud c. He´s strong d. He´s tall COMPLETE (14) 1. __________? It´s green a. What is it like? b. How is the color? c. What color is it? d. How is the table? 2. What color is the chair? a. It´s brown b. She´s black c. They are blue d. The chair is good 3.- How is the water? a. It´s blue b. They are cold c. Is thin d. It´s hot 4.- ___ are the boys? ____ are angry a. Where/They b. How/They c. Who/They d. How/He 5.- How is José? a. José is little b. It´s sick c. She´s beautiful d. He is happy 6.- Is she beautiful? a. Yes, you are b. No, she isn´t c. No, she is d. Yes, she isn´t MÓDULO 8 Para pedir y dar clasificación de personas por su ocupación, nacionalidad, sexo, edad, etc. WHAT + is / are + persona(s)? What is joseph? Is he carpenter? or Is he architect? ………………… He´s a carpenter What are Ann and Jim? Are they dancers? or Are they students? ………………. They are students What is Henry?…………………He´s an Australian What is Alice?……………………… She is a girl Se usa mayúsculas para nacionalidades y religiones. Palabras interrogativas: Whose = de quién When = cuándo Where = dónde Why = por qué 12
  13. 13. lawyer housewife dentist farmer abogado ama de casa dentista agricultor japanese peruvian brazilian jew japonés peruano brasileño judío PROFESIONES secretary secretaria taxi driver taxista mechanic mecánico maid sirvienta NACIONALIDADES Y RELIGIONES spanish español german alemán mexican mexicano roman catholic católico actress football player nurse chemist actriz futbolista enfermera químico argentinian chinese christian baptist argentino chino cristiano bautista COMPLETE (15) 1. ______________ He is a taxi driver a. How is he? b. What is he? c. What is he like? d. What is the taxi like? 2. What is she? (enfermera) a. She´s a nurse b. She is an actress c. She´s an argentinian d. She is a farmer 3.- What are they? a. They´re big b. They are good c. They is jew d. They are christians 4.- What are Lucy and Jack? a. He´s dentist b. She is brazilian c. They are brothers d. They are tall MÓDULO 9 Para pedir al oyente (segunda persona verbal) que realice un acto, tome una actitud o forma de ser. Para pedir la realización de un acto basta con dar el nombre del verbo que lo señala. Go! Wait! Stop! A veces el nombre del verbo va acompañado de palabras como out, in, up, etc. Look out! Cuando se usa la forma be, está va seguida de una palabra que indique estado o condición. También Puede ir seguida de una palabra que indique lugar. Be in school early Be quiet El nombre del verbo puede ir acompañado de un complemento. Go to your room. Go to your seat. La palabra please puede anteponerse o posponerse a ésta; al posponerse, se separa con una coma. Be quiet, please Please go to your seat Cuando se nombra al oyente, el nombre puede anteponerse o posponerse a la petición de ésta por una pausa al hablar o por una coma en la escritura. Mary, go to your room. Go to your room Mary. Para pedir que el oyente (segunda persona del verbo) no realice un acto y no tome una actitud o forma de ser. Do not enter. Don’t enter Do not come in. Do not throw stones, Bob. VOCABULARIO go ir wait esperar stop parar look ver be ser quiet callado room cuarto seat asiento clean limpio 13
  14. 14. tickets wash nervous sweep recibos lavar nervioso trapear do enter write floor hacer entrar escribir piso desk throw letters smoke escritorio tirar cartas fumar EJERCICIOS ORDENE LAS PALABRAS PARA FORMAR UNA PETICIÓN.(16) 1.-Your shoes-please-clean-Helen, ___________________________________________ 2.-please-the window-open-Ann, ___________________________________________ 3.-please-the tickets-father,-buy ___________________________________________ 4.-the desk-Mary-clean-please ___________________________________________ 5.-the car-please, Bob,-wash ___________________________________________ MÓDULO 10 Para elaborar peticiones en la realización de una acción colectiva en donde se incluye a la persona que habla. Let us + verbo infinitivo + complemento. Sin incluir al hablante Incluyendo al hablante Stand up, please. Let’s stand up, please. Sit down. Let’s sit down. Be quiet. Let’s be quiet. Para pedir que no se realice: Sin incluir al hablante Do not drive fast. Don’t run. Don’t talk loudly. Don’t pollute the air. Incluyendo al hablante Let’s not drive fast. Let’s not run. Let’s not talk loudly. Let’s not pollute the air. Para formar correctamente adverbios de modo agregando la terminación LY a los adjetivos (como ha de realizarse la acción). Verbo + complemento + adverbio Eat your food slowly. Carry the dishes carefully. Let’s sing happily. Si el adjetivo termina en y precedida de consonante, la y se cambia por i antes de agregar el sufijo: happy-happily. Si termina en ble se fusiona el sufijo con la terminación, queda able-ably. angry unhappy dishes sing step enojado infeliz platos cantar paso VOCABULARIO noisy ruidoso slow lento answer respuesta come venir form forma bad carry careful swim pollute malo cargar con cuidado nadar contaminar EJERCICIOS CAMBIE DE FORMA QUE SE INCLUYA AL HABLANTE. (17) 1.- Close the drawer, Bertha. ________________________________________ 2.- Please go away. ________________________________________ 3.- Wait for the children. ________________________________________ 14
  15. 15. 4.- Take the picture. ________________________________________ 5.- Play in the park. ________________________________________ HAGA LA ORACIÓN IMPERATIVA. (18) 1.- You are angry. ____________________ 2.-We are noisy. ______________________ 3.-We are sad. ____________________ 4.-You are nervous. ______________________ 5.-You are bad. ____________________ 6.-We are unhappy. ______________________ COMPLETE, INDICANDO EL MODO EN QUE HAN DE REALIZARSE. (19) 1.-Don’t answer _______________ (incorrect) 2.-Come in _______________ (quiet) 3.-Let’s swim _______________ (rapid) 4.-Step ______________ on the rocks. (careful) 5.-Form the pairs _______________ (correct) 6.-Drink your milk _______________ (complete) MÓDULO 11 Para expresar la acción del verbo en el momento en que está sucediendo (presente continuo). Sujeto(s) + am / is / are + verbo en su forma ING + complemento. I am talking to you. She is playing the guitar. They are working at the bank. Para preguntar por la actividad de alguien o algo en el momento del habla y para contestar a esta pregunta: What + am/is/are + sujeto(s) + doing? Am/is/are + acción que se está realizando. What is Mr. Brown doing?……………………….He’s smoking. What are they doing?…………………………….They’re playing basketball. What are you doing?……………………………..I’m eating a hot-dog. Para realizar preguntas si un determinado sujeto está desarrollando una determinada acción en el momento del habla: Am / is / are + sujeto(s) + verbo en su forma ING + complemento? Is he watching T.V.?…………... Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Is the baby sleeping?…………..Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t. Is the boy washing his hands?...Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t. Para agregar la terminación ING: Si la letra final del verbo es una e muda, se pierde antes de agregar el sufijo. Write = writing. Si la letra final es una sola consonante y está precedida de una sola vocal, se dobla la consonante antes de agregar el sufijo. Sit = sitting. rest jump work smok sleep walk story descansar brincar trabajar humo/fumar dormir caminar historia VOCABULARIO stamps estampas cry llorar bank banco eat comer wash lavar read leer tell contar buy talk guitar watch boy call take comprar hablar guitarra ver muchacho llamar tomar COMPLETE LA ACCIÓN EN EL MOMENTO DEL HABLA. (20) 1.-I ____________ in the park. (walk) 2.-The student ____________ a story to the children. (tell) 3.-She ____________ a book. (read) 4.- We ____________ photographs. (take) 15
  16. 16. 5.-They ____________ their friends. (call) 6.- The baby _______________. (cry) COMPLETE (21) 1.- What is the dog doing? a. Is it jumping. b. is jumping. c. It is jumping. d. They are jumping. 2.- What are you doing? a. Am I buying stamps. b. I am buying stamps. c. You are buying stamps. d. Am buying stamps. 3.- What are they doing? a. They playing basketball. b. Are they playing basketball. c. They is playing basketball. d. They are playing basketball. 4.- What is Mr. Brown doing? a. Is he resting. b. He is resting. c. He are resting. d. They is resting. MÓDULO 12 Oraciones que indican la acción de estarse dirigiendo de un lugar a otro, es decir, se usará en algunos casos la preposición TO, que significa “a”. Sujeto(s) + am/is/are + verbo ING + TO + lugar determinado They’re going to the park. (Ellos están yendo al parque) I’m going to church. (Estoy yendo a la iglesia) She’s flying to Spain. (Ella está viajando a España) Las únicas excepciones donde se omite la preposición TO, es cuando el complemento del lugar es: HERE, THERE, HOME y DOWNTOWN. We are walking home. (estamos caminando a casa) Peter is coming here. (pedro viene para acá) They’re going downtown. (ellos van al centro de la ciudad) Para indicar en quién o en qué se completa la acción. WHON.......A quién WHAT........Qué Whom are you writing?…………………I’m writing Helen. …………………I’m writing her. What are you making?………………….We’re making the sandwiches. …………………..We’re making them. Whom is she kissing?…………………..She’s kissing her father. …………………..She’s kissing him. What is he painting?…………………….He’s painting the house. …………………….He’s painting it. Whom se utiliza para preguntar en quién se completa la acción y what en qué se completa la acción. PRONOMBRES OBJETIVOS Me A mi You A ti o a usted Him A él Her A ella It A la cosa o al animal You A ustedes Us A nosotros Them A ellos o a ellas 16
  17. 17. EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (22) 1.-John and Peter _______ going _______ church. 2.-The students _______ not coming _______ cafeteria. 3.-The boys _______ coming _______ here. 4.-The nurse _______ not going _______ second floor. COLOQUE EN ORDEN (23) 1.- me/describing/is/she ____________________________________ 2.- writing/Henry/is/her ____________________________________ 3.- to/we/it/listening/are ____________________________________ 4.- asking/are/they/him ____________________________________ COMPLETE GUIÁNDOSE CON LA RESPUESTA (24) 1.- __________ is Mr. Bentley helping? He’s helping me. 2.- __________ is she asking? She’s asking us. 3.- __________ are you feeding? I’m feeding the baby. 4.- __________ is Marie talking to? She’s talking to Jerry. MÓDULO 13 Uso del tiempo presente simple, es decir, la acción que se realiza habitualmente. Sujeto(s) + verbo + complemento + tiempo. My dog watches the worm. I speak Spanish everyday. She writes poems every month. They live in the mountains. Para indicar acción habitual referida a una tercera persona singular, se toma el nombre de la acción y se le agrega s; si termina en s, z, ch, sh, se le agrega es y si termina en y precedida de consonante se cambia por i y toma es. Live – lives cross – crosses watch – watches fly – flies Casos especiales: go – goes have – has Expresiones de tiempo que implican que la acción a la que se refieren se repita periódicamente (presente simple). Every = cada. Your heart beats every second. The sun rises every morning. We celebrate Christmas every year. TIME / TIEMPO minuto minute 60 seconds hora hour 60 minutes día day 24 hours semana week 7 days mes month 28-31 days año year 12 months década decade 10 years centenario century 100 years milenio millenium 1000 years 17
  18. 18. morning evening DIVISIONS OF THE DAY noon media mañana night noche mañana tarde afternoon meadnight medio día media noche THE SEVEN DAYS OF THE WEEK sunday domingo monday lunes tuesday martes wednesday miércoles thursday jueves friday viernes saturday sábado THE TWELVE MONTHS OF THE YEAR enero february marzo april mayo june julio august septiembre october noviembre december january march may july september november febrero abril junio agosto octubre diciembre THE FOUR SEASONS spring primavera summer verano autumn / fall otoño winter invierno Palabras que indican el grado de habitualidad o frecuencia de las acciones o hechos y su colocación dentro de la oración. ALWAYS Siempre I always practice English. NEVER Nunca We never listen to the radio. USUALLY / GENERALLY He is usually ill. Usualmente. Expresa un número alto de posibles frecuencias. SELDOM / RARELY Rara vez. Expresa un número mínimo de posibilidades. Winters are seldom cold in Yucatan. OFTEN / FREQUENTLY Frecuentemente. Expresa frecuencia mayor del 50% de veces. Businessmen often travel by plane. SOMETIMES Algunas veces. Expresa frecuencia menor del 50% de veces. She sometimes writes letters. church talk second ask live beat practice iglesia hablar segundo preguntar vivir latido práctica VOCABULARIO kiss beso feed alimentar describ describir worm gusano fly volar rise escenso businessmen empresario make help listen speak heart celebrate travel hacer ayudar escuchar hablar corazón celebrar viajar 18
  19. 19. EJERCICIOS COMPLETE (25) 1.- STUDY I __________ French. Helen __________ German. Louise and Bob __________ Italian. You __________ Latin. 2.- LIVE Ivan __________ in Russia. Pierre and Briggite __________ in Paris. Juanito __________ in Mexico. Sato __________ in Japan. COMPLETE MODIFICANDO O SIN MODIFICAR (26) 1.- I __________ milk every morning. (drink) 2.- Víctor __________ the work every day. (do) 3.- The flowers __________ every spring. (bloom) 4.- We __________ lunch every noon. (have) COMPLETE CON ALWAYS O NEVER (27) 1.- The sun is _________ out at 3 a. m. 2.- We __________ stop at the red light. 3.- Our blood is __________ circulating. 4.- Wars are __________ good. MÓDULO 14 Para expresar reacción afectiva a un objeto o indicar posesión o carencia de él, se usa el verbo sin alteraciones excepto en el caso de tercera persona. I love chocolates. Rabbits like carrots. Mr. Baker enjoys music. The child wants a balloon. Sato does not live in the United States. Ingrid doesn’t speak English. I do not want the food. You don’t enjoy the opera. take turn brush play clean wash comb understand sweep study lead practica hit inhale see enjoy want remember tomar turnar, rotar cepillar jugar limpiar lavar peinar entender barrer estudiar orientar practicar golpear inalar ver disfrutar querer recordar VERBOS EN PRESENTE talk platicar cross cruzar sing cantar draw dibujar hold agarrar eat comer erase borrar cause causar like gustar wake up despertar walk caminar read leer move mover wait esperar get obtener need necesitar know conocer prefer preferir freeze be explode work teach copy visit exhale drink get up show bark dance bring bloom open lack close congelar ser o estar explorar trabajar educar copiar visitar exalar beber levantar mostrar ladrar bailar traer florecer abrir carecer cerrar 19
  20. 20. COMPLETE NEGANDO (28) 1.- Peter _________________________ carefully. (drive) 2.- He __________________________ the ladies. (help) 3.- Our friend ____________________ novels. (read) 4.- Pat ________________________ the piano. (play) MÓDULO 15 Preguntas en presente simple. DO/DOES + sujeto(s) + verbo+ complemento? Do I study everyday?.......................….Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Do you speak English?………………...Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Does he answer the question?………..Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. Does she open the store?……………..Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t. Does the dog bark at strangers?……...Yes, it does. / No, it doesn’t. Do they talk in class?……………………Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. Do we play tennis?………………………Yes, we do. / No, we don’t. Para preguntar si se da alguna vez una acción, una inclinación una carencia, o una circunstancia, etc. Does the sun ever rise in the west?…………… ……… No, never. / No, it never does. Do the stars ever appear in the middle of the day?….. No, rarely. / No, they rarely do. Are the stars ever out at 5 p. m.?………………………. Yes, sometimes. / Yes, they sometimes are. Is the sun ever in movement?………………………….. Yes, always. / Yes, it always is. Para preguntar la frecuencia. Is water always pure?.............................……. Do you usually write to him on Monday?…….. Are you often tired at night?…………………… Does Mary sometimes get up at 5?………….. plane strangers west middle water ham garden avión extraños oeste mitad agua jamón jardín COMPLETE (29) 1.-Does your brother wake up at seven? a. Yes, he does. b. Yes, she does. c. Yes, he do. d. Yes, he is. 3.-Do you ask questions? a. Yes, you do. b. Yes, I does. c. Yes, I don’t. d. Yes, I do. No, it is not. / No, it’s not always pure. Yes, I do. / Yes, I usually do. No, I’m not. / No, I’m not often tired. No, she doesn’t. VOCABULARIO store tienda class clase star estrella out fuera pure puro egg huevo bed cama question sun appear movement fast grow quick pregunta sol aparecer movimiento rápido crecer rápido EJERCICIOS 2.-Does Helen eat at home? a. No, she does. b. No, she’s not. c. No, she doesn’t. d. No, she aren’t. 4.-Do the stores open at 9? a. Yes, they does. b. Yes, they do. c. Yes, they don’t. d. Yes, I do. 20
  21. 21. 5.-Are they ever here in the morning? a. Yes, sometimes they are. b. Yes, they sometimes are. c. Yes, they sometimes do. d. Yes, they sometimes don’t. 6.-Is your sister ever in class at 7? a. Yes, she is usually. b. Yes, he usually do. c. Yes, she usually isn’ d. Yes, she usually is. MÓDULO 16 Para pedir información sobre un complemento o circunstancia de la acción o hecho a que hace referencia el verbo. Where are the boys now?……………… In Sinaloa. Whom do we visit?…………………….. Our parentes. How are you driving your car?………… I’m driving my car fast. What are you driving?………………….. My car. When do you eat fruit?………………… In the morning. What does he eat?……………………… He eats ham and eggs. Para preguntar quién o qué hace la acción del verbo. Who is watching?................................. Helen is watching. What grows in your garden?………….. The flowers. Who sleeps in this bed?……………….. I sleep in it. What is on the table?…………………… The t. v. and the radio. EJERCICIOS ESTRUCTURE LAS PREGUNTAS (30) 1.- John Clark is a doctor. He lives in New York. He speaks English and Spanish well. He goes to the hospital at 7 every morning. What _____________________________________ Where ____________________________________ What _____________________________________ How _____________________________________ When ____________________________________ 2.- Joan is Peter’s daughter. She is always happy. She studies in Monterrey in the summer. She learns quicky. She speaks Spanish in class. Who _____________________________________ How _____________________________________ When ____________________________________ How _____________________________________ What ____________________________________ Where ___________________________________ 21
  22. 22. RESPUESTAS (1) 1–C 2–B 3–D 4–A 5–C 6–D (8) 1–B 2–B 3–D 4–C 5–D 6–A (2) 7–C 8–B 9–A 10 – D (9) 1–C 2–D 3–A 4–D 5–B 6–A 7–B 8 – He / my 9 – They / my 10 – They / your 11 – It / our 12 – It / his (14) 1–C 2–A 3–D 4–B 5–B 6–B (10) 1–B 2–A 3–A 4–A 5–C 6–A 7–B (16) 1 – Helen, please clean your shoes. 2 – Ann, please open the window. 3 – Father, please buy the tickets. 4 – Mary, please clean the desk. 5 – Bob, please wash the car. (3) 11 – C 12 – B (4) 13 – C 14 – B 15 – D 16 – C (5) 1–C 2–B 3–D 4–C 5–A 6–D (6) 1–D 2–D 3–B 4–A 5–C 6–D (11) 1–B 2–B 3–A 4–D 5–C 6–A 7–C (7) 1–B 2–D 3–A 4–C (12) 1–C 2–A 3–B 4–D 5–B (13) 1–C 2–B 3–A 4–C (15) 1–B 2 –A 3–D 4–C (17) 1 – Let’s close the drawer. 2 – Please, let’s go away. 3 – Let’s wait for the children. 4 – Let’s take the picture. 5 – Let’s play in the park. (18) 1 - Don’t be angry. 2 – Let’s not be noisy. 3 – Let’s not be sad. 4 – Don’t be nervous. 5 – Don’t be sad. 6 – Let’s not be unhappy. (19) 22
  23. 23. 1 – Incorrectly 2 – quietly 3 – rapidly 4 – carefully 5 – correctly 6 – completely (20) 1 – am walking 2 – is telling 3 – is reading 4 – are taking 5 – are calling 6 – is crying lives lives (26) 1 – drink 2 – does 3 – bloom 4 – have (27) 1 – never 2 – always 3 – always 4 – never (21) 1–C 2–B 3–D 4–B (28) 1 – does not drive 2 – does not help 3 – does not read 4 – does not play (22) 1 – are / to 2 – are / to the 3 – are / x 4 – is / to the (29) 1–A 2–C 3–D 4–B 5–B 6–D (23) 1 – She is describing me. 2 – Henry is writing her. 3 – We are listening to it. 4 – They are asking him. (24) 1 – whom 2 – whom 3 – whom 4 – whom (25) 1 – study studies study study (30) 1 – Is John Clark? does he live? does he speak well? does he speak English and Spanish? does he go to the hospital? 2 – is Joan? is she always? does she study in Monterrey? does she learn? does she speak in class? does she speak Spanish? 2 – lives live 23

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