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Q2 2011
Manpower
Employment
Outlook Survey
United States

A Manpower Research Report
Q2/11
Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States




Contents

United States Employment Outlook                                                                                   1
Regional Comparisons



Global Employment Outlook                                                                                          7

About the Survey                                                                                                   8




Please note that throughout this report, the figure used in all graphs is the “Net Employment Outlook.” This figure
is derived by taking the percentage of employers anticipating an increase in hiring activity and subtracting from this
the percentage of employers that expect to see a decrease in employment at their location in the next quarter. In
addition, percentage totals may not equal 100% due to rounding.
United States Employment Outlook
More than 18,000 interviews have been conducted with                       suggest that employers expect a relatively stable hiring
employers within the United States, including all 50                       pace during Quarter 2 2011 compared to Quarter 1
states, the top 100 Metropolitan Statistical Areas                         2011. The April – June Outlook for the U.S. shows a
(MSAs), the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, to                       slight increase compared to one year ago at this time.
measure employment trends between April and June                           Following a negative Outlook in the final three quarters
2011. The mix of industries within the survey follows                      of 2009, U.S. employers have now expressed a positive
the North American Industry Classification System                          Outlook for six straight quarters.
(NAICS) Supersectors and is structured to be
                                                                           All four U.S. regions surveyed report a positive Net
representative of the U.S. economy. All participants
                                                                           Employment Outlook of +8% when seasonal variations
were asked, “How do you anticipate total employment
                                                                           are removed from the data. Quarter-over-quarter, hiring
at your location to change in the three months to the
                                                                           plans are stable in the Northeast, South and West,
end of June 2011 as compared to the current quarter?”
                                                                           while Midwest employers report a slight decline in hiring
Among U.S. employers surveyed, 16% expect to add                           confidence. Compared to one year ago at this time,
to their workforces, and 6% expect a decline in their                      employers in the Midwest, South and West report
payrolls during Quarter 2 2011. Seventy-four percent of                    slightly more optimistic staffing plans, while the
employers anticipate making no change to staff levels,                     Northeast is stable. The Outlook in the West, where
and the remaining 4% of employers are undecided                            hiring plans have been the most conservative among
about their Quarter 2 2011 hiring plans.                                   the regions for the last five quarters, is the most
                                                                           promising since Quarter 4 2008.
When seasonal variations are removed from the data,
the Net Employment Outlook is +8%. Survey results

                                                                                                       Net Employment      Seasonally
                                 Increase            Decrease         No Change           Don’t Know
                                                                                                           Outlook          Adjusted
                                    %                   %                  %                      %          %                 %
  Quarter 2 2011                   16                   6                 74                      4          10                 8
  Quarter 1 2011                   14                   10                73                      3          4                  8
  Quarter 4 2010                   15                   11                71                      3          4                  5
   Quarter 3 2010                  18                   8                 70                      4          10                 6
   Quarter 2 2010                  16                   8                 73                      3          8                  6


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       ’91    ’92   ’93    ’94     ’95   ’96   ’97     ’98   ’99   ’00   ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06           ’07     ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
                                                                           Seasonally Adjusted Outlook           Net Employment Outlook
No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009.




The results of the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey in the United States include Puerto Rico.
                                                                                                                                        1
Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States


Industry Sector Comparisons
For Quarter 2 2011, employers have a positive Outlook         increase. Payroll levels are expected to moderately
in all of the 13 industry sectors included in the survey:     increase among Durable and Nondurable Goods
Leisure & Hospitality (+21%), Mining (+21%),                  Manufacturing, Transportation & Utilities and Financial
Professional & Business Services (+15%), Durable              Activities employers, while Wholesale & Retail Trade,
Goods Manufacturing (+14%), Wholesale & Retail Trade          Professional & Business Services and Other Services
(+12%), Nondurable Goods Manufacturing (+11%),                sector employers anticipate a slight increase. Three
Financial Activities (+9%), Information (+9),                 industry sector employers plan to keep staff levels
Transportation & Utilities (+8%), Other Services (+7%),       stable: Information, Education & Health Services and
Construction (+6%), Education & Health Services (+6%)         Government. For the first time since Q1 2009 when the
and Government (+1%).                                         survey methodology was revised, none of the sectors
                                                              surveyed report a negative Net Employment Outlook.
When the industry sector data is compared quarter-
over-quarter, employers in Mining, Construction and           Results for the Mining sector are reported only in the
Leisure & Hospitality anticipate a considerable hiring        national survey data to ensure statistical accuracy.


                                                                                      Net Employment    Net Employment
                                       Increase   Decrease   No Change   Don’t Know
                                                                                      Outlook Q2 2011   Outlook Q1 2011
                                          %          %           %           %              %                 %
    Construction                         16          10         69           5               6                -9
    Education & Health Services          11          5          79           5               6                 6
    Financial Activities                 14          5          80           1               9                 4
    Government                            9          8          77           6               1                 0
    Information                          14          5          78           3               9                10
    Leisure & Hospitality                27          6          65           2              21                12
    Manufacturing – Durable Goods        19          5          73           3              14                 6
    Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods     15          4          78           3              11                 6
    Mining                               27          6          64           3              21                 6
    Other Services                       12          5          80           3               7                 4
    Professional & Business Services     21          6          69           4              15                11
    Transportation & Utilities           16          8          73           3               8                 2
    Wholesale & Retail Trade             18          6          73           3              12                10




2
Regional Comparisons
Midwest Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8%
In the Midwest, 16% of employers surveyed expect to                            considerable increase is anticipated by Construction and
increase staff levels for Quarter 2 2011 and 6%                                Leisure & Hospitality employers; a moderate increase is
anticipate reduced headcounts, leading to a Net                                expected among Transportation & Utility sector
Employment Outlook of +10%. When seasonal variations                           employers; and a slight quarter-over-quarter increase is
are removed from the data, the Outlook for Quarter 2                           planned by employers in Durable and Nondurable
2011 is mixed: down slightly compared to Quarter 1                             Goods Manufacturing, Information, Financial Activities
2011 and up slightly compared to one year ago at this                          and Other Services. The quarter-over-quarter Outlook is
time. Three out of four Midwest employers anticipate no                        relatively stable among employers in Wholesale & Retail
changes to their hiring plans.                                                 Trade and Education & Health Services. Professional &
                                                                               Business Services and Government sector employers
Employers in eight of the 12 industry sectors surveyed in                      look to slow down hiring slightly compared to one
the region expect the hiring pace to quicken in Quarter 2                      quarter ago.
2011 compared to three months ago at this time. A

                                                                                                                Net Employment         Seasonally
                                                 Increase      Decrease          No Change     Don’t Know
                                                                                                                    Outlook             Adjusted
                                                    %                %               %               %                    %                  %
  All Industries – Midwest                         16                6               75              3                    10                 8
  Construction                                     19                8               67              6                    11                 –
  Education & Health Services                      10                5               81              4                    5                  –
  Financial Activities                             12                5               81              2                    7                  –
  Government                                        7                9               80              4                    -2                 –
  Information                                      14                5               80              1                    9                  –
  Leisure & Hospitality                            30                4               65              1                    26                 –
  Manufacturing – Durable Goods                    22                5               70              3                    17                 –
  Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods                 14                3               80              3                    11                 –
  Other Services                                   11                4               82              3                    7                  –
  Professional & Business Services                 19                8               69              4                    11                 –
  Transportation & Utilities                       22                7               68              3                    15                 –
  Wholesale & Retail Trade                         16                7               74              3                     9                 –


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       ’91      ’92      ’93   ’94   ’95   ’96     ’97   ’98   ’99       ’00   ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06              ’07     ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
                                                                                 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook              Net Employment Outlook
No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009.



The Midwest Region comprises the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South
Dakota, Wisconsin. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual
industries is not currently available.

                                                                                                                                                    3
Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States


Northeast Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8%
In the Northeast, 16% of employers indicate plans to                             Manufacturing and Leisure & Hospitality; a moderate
increase staff levels, while 6% expect to decrease                               increase is anticipated in Financial Activities; and a slight
payrolls, resulting in a Net Employment Outlook of                               increase is planned in Nondurable Goods Manufacturing,
+10% for Quarter 2 2011. The seasonally adjusted                                 Transportation & Utilities and Wholesale & Retail Trade.
survey data reflects a relatively stable Outlook compared                        Employers in Professional & Business Services,
to three months ago and to one year ago at this time.                            Education & Health Services, Other Services and
                                                                                 Government report stable hiring intentions for April –
Compared to Quarter 1 2011, Northeast region
                                                                                 June compared to January – March 2011. Information
employers in seven industry sectors expect the hiring
                                                                                 sector employers expect the pace of hiring to decline
pace to increase in Quarter 2 2011. A considerable
                                                                                 moderately quarter-over-quarter.
increase is expected in Construction, Durable Goods


                                                                                                              Net Employment       Seasonally
                                                   Increase      Decrease          No Change    Don’t Know
                                                                                                                  Outlook           Adjusted
                                                      %                %               %            %                  %                %
    All Industries – Northeast                       16                6               74            4                 10               8
    Construction                                     21                7               68            4                 14               –
    Education & Health Services                      11                6               78            5                 5                –
    Financial Activities                             16                5               77            2                 11               –
    Government                                        5                8               81            6                 -3               –
    Information                                       9                5               83            3                 4                –
    Leisure & Hospitality                            28                7               62            3                 21               –
    Manufacturing – Durable Goods                    19                4               71            6                 15               –
    Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods                 16                5               73            6                 11               –
    Other Services                                    9                4               84            3                 5                –
    Professional & Business Services                 21                6               69            4                 15               –
    Transportation & Utilities                       11                11              76            2                 0                –
    Wholesale & Retail Trade                         19                6               73            2                 13               –


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         ’91      ’92      ’93   ’94   ’95   ’96     ’97   ’98   ’99       ’00   ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06         ’07     ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
                                                                                   Seasonally Adjusted Outlook         Net Employment Outlook
Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009.




The Northeast Region comprises the following states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island, Vermont. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for
individual industries is not currently available.

4
South Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8%
In the South, 16% of employers surveyed expect to                                in the quarter-over-quarter hiring pace: Construction
increase staff levels, and 6% plan to decrease their                             and Durable Goods Manufacturing. Nondurable Goods
employee headcounts, resulting in a Net Employment                               Manufacturing, Transportation & Utilities, Professional &
Outlook of +10%. When seasonal variations are                                    Business Services and Leisure & Hospitality sector
removed from the data, the Quarter 2 2011                                        employers foresee a moderate increase in hiring activity
employment forecast is on a similar pace to Quarter 1                            compared to Quarter 1 2011, while slight increases are
2011 and is slightly stronger than Quarter 2 2010.                               expected by Information, Financial Activities and Other
                                                                                 Services employers. Employers in Wholesale & Retail
All 12 sectors surveyed in the South have a positive Net
                                                                                 Trade, Education & Health Services and Government
Employment Outlook for Quarter 2 2011. Employers in
                                                                                 report a stable Outlook for the second quarter
two industry sectors anticipate a considerable increase
                                                                                 compared to a quarter ago.

                                                                                                                     Net Employment          Seasonally
                                                 Increase        Decrease          No Change       Don’t Know
                                                                                                                         Outlook              Adjusted
                                                    %                  %                %                %                      %                  %
  All Industries – South                           16                  6               74                 4                     10                 8
  Construction                                     13                  12              71                 4                     1                  –
  Education & Health Services                      12                  4               80                 4                     8                  –
  Financial Activities                             12                  4               82                 2                     8                  –
  Government                                       10                  9               75                 6                     1                  –
  Information                                      18                  5               72                 5                     13                 –
  Leisure & Hospitality                            28                  5               65                 2                     23                 –
  Manufacturing – Durable Goods                    18                  3               76                 3                     15                 –
  Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods                 13                  3               80                 4                     10                 –
  Other Services                                   12                  4               80                 4                     8                  –
  Professional & Business Services                 22                  6               69                 3                     16                 –
  Transportation & Utilities                       15                  7               75                 3                      8                 –
  Wholesale & Retail Trade                         19                  6               71                 4                     13                 –


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        ’91     ’92      ’93   ’94   ’95   ’96     ’97    ’98    ’99       ’00   ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06                  ’07     ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
                                                                                   Seasonally Adjusted Outlook                  Net Employment Outlook
No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009.




The South Region comprises Puerto Rico and the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia. Because the industry sector reporting method has
been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual industries is not currently available.

                                                                                                                                                           5
Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States


West Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8%
Among employers surveyed in the West, 16% plan to                                Construction anticipate much stronger job prospects;
add staff, while 7% anticipate a decline in payrolls,                            Nondurable Goods Manufacturing, Transportation &
resulting in a Net Employment Outlook of +9% for                                 Utilities, Professional & Business Services, Leisure &
Quarter 2 2011. According to seasonally adjusted                                 Hospitality and Government sector employers foresee
survey results, employers in the West anticipate a                               moderate improvement; while Durable Goods
relatively stable hiring Outlook compared to Quarter 1                           Manufacturing, Wholesale & Retail Trade, Financial
2011 and a slightly improved Outlook compared to one                             Activities and Other Services industry sector employers
year ago at this time. The region’s Outlook is the most                          expect hiring activities to increase slightly. While no
promising since Quarter 4 2008.                                                  sectors report flat employment prospects compared to
                                                                                 one quarter ago, employers in two industries plan to
Similar to the South, each of the 12 industry sectors
                                                                                 hire at a slower pace in the second quarter: Education
surveyed in the West have a positive Net Employment
                                                                                 & Health Services employers expect the hiring pace to
Outlook. However, the quarter-over-quarter picture is
                                                                                 inch down slightly and Information employers anticipate
mixed. Compared to one quarter ago, employers in
                                                                                 a moderate decrease.

                                                                                                               Net Employment         Seasonally
                                                   Increase      Decrease         No Change     Don’t Know
                                                                                                                   Outlook             Adjusted
                                                      %                %               %            %                    %                 %
    All Industries – West                            16                7               74           3                    9                 8
    Construction                                     15                10              68           7                    5                 –
    Education & Health Services                      10                7               78           5                    3                 –
    Financial Activities                             15                5               77           3                    10                –
    Government                                       13                7               74           6                    6                 –
    Information                                      13                5               80           2                    8                 –
    Leisure & Hospitality                            23                7               69           1                    16                –
    Manufacturing – Durable Goods                    15                9               72           4                    6                 –
    Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods                 17                6               75           2                    11                –
    Other Services                                   14                7               76           3                     7                –
    Professional & Business Services                 22                6               69           3                    16                –
    Transportation & Utilities                       17                9               72           2                     8                –
    Wholesale & Retail Trade                         15                6               75           4                    9                 –


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         ’91      ’92      ’93   ’94   ’95   ’96     ’97   ’98   ’99       ’00   ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06           ’07     ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11
                                                                                   Seasonally Adjusted Outlook           Net Employment Outlook
No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009.



The West Region comprises the following states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, Wyoming. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual
industries is not currently available.

6
Global Employment Outlook
Nearly 64,000 employers have been interviewed across           from 12 months ago in seven of eight Asia Pacific
39 countries and territories to measure anticipated            countries and territories, and in seven of 10 countries in
employment trends* between April and June 2011.                the Americas. The conservative hiring Outlook in the
Employers in 33 of the 39 countries and territories            U.S. is unchanged quarter-over-quarter but improves
Manpower surveyed expect to add to their workforces            slightly from last year at this time. Meanwhile, Indian
to varying degrees over the next three months.                 employers report their most optimistic forecast since the
                                                               survey began there in the third quarter of 2005.
Employers in India, Taiwan, Brazil, China, Turkey and
Singapore report the strongest second-quarter hiring           In the EMEA region, Outlooks improve in 11 of 21
plans, while those in Greece, Spain, Ireland and Italy         countries from three months ago, with slight to
report the weakest hiring forecasts. The hiring pace is        moderate improvements reported by employers in all of
expected to improve from three months ago in 18 of 39          the Eastern European countries surveyed. Year-over-
countries and territories. In the 36 countries and             year comparisons show improved job prospects in 11
territories where year-over-year comparisons are               countries. European hiring intentions are strongest in
possible, the hiring pace is expected to improve in 25.        Turkey, Bulgaria, Belgium and Poland while employers in
                                                               Greece expect the hiring environment to remain gloomy.
Regionally, employers in the Americas and Asia Pacific
continue to report positive Net Employment Outlooks.
Employer demand for talent has improved somewhat               * Commentary is based on seasonally adjusted data where available.




Survey Respondents by Region
                                                               Research for the Quarter 2 2011 Manpower
                                                               Employment Outlook Survey involved surveying nearly
                                                               64,000 human resources directors and senior hiring
                                 EMEA                          managers from public and private organizations
                                  28%
                                                               worldwide. 47% of respondents came from 10
       Americas                                                countries in the Americas; 25% from eight countries
        47%                                                    and territories across Asia Pacific; and 28% from 21
                                                               countries in EMEA.
                              Asia Pacific
                                 25%




Full survey results for each of the 39 countries and territories included in this quarter’s survey, plus regional and global
comparisons, can be found at the Manpower Press Room at press.manpower.com. In addition, all tables and
graphs from the full report are available for download from the Manpower website at www.manpower.com/library.




                                                                                                                                7
Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States


About the Survey
The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is conducted                 Industries: The survey reports national results by the NAICS
quarterly to measure employers’ intentions to increase or           Supersectors. Error factors not to exceed +/- 5% for Mining
decrease the number of employees in their workforces during         and +/- 3% for the remaining Supersectors based on a 90%
the next quarter. The survey has been running for more than         confidence level.
48 years and is one of the most trusted surveys of
employment activity in the world. Various factors underpin the      Net Employment Outlook
success of the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey:                  Throughout this report, we use the term “Net Employment
Unique: It is unparalleled in its size, scope, longevity and area   Outlook.” This figure is derived by taking the percentage of
of focus.                                                           employers anticipating an increase in hiring activity and
                                                                    subtracting from this the percentage of employers expecting
Projective: The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is the
                                                                    to see a decrease in employment at their location in the
most extensive, forward-looking employment survey in the
                                                                    next quarter. The result of this calculation is the Net
world, asking employers to forecast employment over the
                                                                    Employment Outlook.
next quarter. In contrast, other surveys and studies focus on
retrospective data to report on what occurred in the past.          Seasonal Adjustment
Independent: The survey is conducted with a representative          Seasonal adjustments have been applied to the data for
sample of employers from throughout the countries in which it       Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica,
is conducted. The survey participants are not derived from          China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy,
Manpower’s client base.                                             Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru,
Robust: The survey is based on interviews with nearly 64,000        Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,
public and private employers across 39 countries and                the United Kingdom and the United States to provide
territories to measure anticipated employment trends each           additional insight into the survey data. These adjustments
quarter. This sample allows for analysis to be performed            make it possible to review the data without the employment
across specific sectors and regions to provide more detailed        fluctuations that normally occur at the same time each year,
information.                                                        thus providing a clearer picture of the data over time.
Focused: For nearly five decades, the survey has derived all        Manpower intends to add seasonal adjustments to the data
of its information from a single question.                          for other countries in the future, as more historical data is
                                                                    compiled. Note that in Quarter 2 2008, Manpower adopted
Survey Question                                                     the TRAMO-SEATS method of seasonal adjustment for data.
All employers participating in the survey worldwide are asked
the same question, “How do you anticipate total employment
                                                                    Additional Information Available
at your location to change in the three months to the end of        Find complete survey results, including reports for the top 100
June 2011 as compared to the current quarter?”                      Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 50 states, District of Columbia
                                                                    and Puerto Rico on our website. Downloadable visuals are
Methodology                                                         also available. Visit press.manpower.com.
The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is conducted
using a validated methodology, in accordance with the highest       History of the Survey
standards in market research. The research team for the 39          1962 First generation of the Manpower Employment Outlook
countries and territories where the survey is currently                  Survey launched in the United States and Canada.
conducted includes Manpower’s internal research team and            1966 Manpower’s United Kingdom operation launches the
Infocorp Ltd. The survey has been structured to be                       equivalent of the United States survey, naming the
representative of each national economy. The margin of error             report the Quarterly Survey of Employment Prospects.
for all national, regional and global data is not greater than           The survey adopts the same forward looking research
+/- 3.9%.                                                                format as the United States survey and is the first of its
Regions: The survey reports results by the four regions within           kind in Europe.
the U.S. as determined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each              1976 Second generation of the Manpower Employment
region is represented with a minimum error factor of +/- 1.4%            Outlook Survey launched in the United States and
based on a 90% confidence level.                                         Canada. Research methodology is updated to evolve
                                                                         with advancements in the field of market research.

8
2002 Manpower United Kingdom's Quarterly Survey of
                                                                About Manpower Inc.
     Employment Prospects is updated to adopt an
                                                                Manpower Inc. (NYSE: MAN), world leader in innovative
     enhanced research methodology. Manpower's
                                                                workforce solutions; creates and delivers services that help
     operations in Mexico and Ireland launch the survey in
                                                                clients meet their business and workforce objectives while
     their respective countries.
                                                                enhancing their competitiveness. The $19 billion company
2003 Third generation of the Manpower Employment Outlook
                                                                provides a full suite of solutions for the business cycle including
     Survey is launched, expanding the program to a total of
                                                                permanent, temporary and contract recruitment; employee
     18 countries worldwide: Australia, Austria, Belgium,
                                                                assessment and selection; training; outplacement; outsourcing
     Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy,
                                                                and consulting. Manpower’s worldwide network of nearly 3,900
     Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Singapore,
                                                                offices in 82 countries and territories is the world’s largest in the
     Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the
                                                                industry and enables the company to meet the needs of its
     United States.
                                                                400,000 clients per year, including small and medium size
2004 Manpower operations in New Zealand launch the
                                                                enterprises in all industry sectors, as well as the world's largest
     Manpower Employment Outlook Survey.
                                                                multinational corporations. The focus of Manpower’s work is on
2005 Manpower operations in China, India, Switzerland,          unleashing the potential of humans so that employers and
      and Taiwan launch the Manpower Employment                 individuals can achieve more than they imagined. More
     Outlook Survey.                                            information about Manpower Inc. is available at
2006 Manpower operations in Costa Rica and Peru join the        www.manpower.com.
     survey program. Surveys in Australia, Austria, Belgium,    Enter the Human Age at: www.manpower.com/humanage
     France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan,
     Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, Spain and
     Sweden add seasonally adjusted data in the third
     quarter. Manpower operations in South Africa launch
     the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey
2007 Manpower operations in Argentina join the Manpower
      Employment Outlook Survey. The survey in New
      Zealand adds seasonally adjusted data in the
     first quarter.
2008 Manpower operations in Colombia, the Czech
     Republic, Greece, Guatemala, Poland and Romania
     join the survey program. China and Taiwan add
     seasonally adjusted data in the second quarter. India
     and Switzerland add seasonally adjusted data in the
     third quarter.
2009 Manpower operations in Hungary and Brazil launch the
     Manpower Employment Outlook Survey.
2010 Manpower’s Panama operation launches the
     Manpower Employment Outlook Survey, expanding the
     program total to 36 countries and territories worldwide.
     Peru adds seasonally adjusted data in the second
     quarter. Costa Rica adds seasonally adjusted data in
     the fourth quarter.
2011 Beginning in the first quarter, operations in Bulgaria,
      Slovenia and Turkey join the Manpower Employment
      Outlook Survey. Additionally, seasonally adjusted data
      is added in the first quarter for Argentina and
      South Africa.

                                                                                                                                   9
Manpower Inc., 100 Manpower Place, Milwaukee, WI 53212, USA
Tel: 414 961 1000
www.us.manpower.com

© 2011, Manpower Inc. All rights reserved.

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Meosq2 2011 Us Report Final

  • 1. Q2 2011 Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States A Manpower Research Report
  • 2. Q2/11 Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States Contents United States Employment Outlook 1 Regional Comparisons Global Employment Outlook 7 About the Survey 8 Please note that throughout this report, the figure used in all graphs is the “Net Employment Outlook.” This figure is derived by taking the percentage of employers anticipating an increase in hiring activity and subtracting from this the percentage of employers that expect to see a decrease in employment at their location in the next quarter. In addition, percentage totals may not equal 100% due to rounding.
  • 3. United States Employment Outlook More than 18,000 interviews have been conducted with suggest that employers expect a relatively stable hiring employers within the United States, including all 50 pace during Quarter 2 2011 compared to Quarter 1 states, the top 100 Metropolitan Statistical Areas 2011. The April – June Outlook for the U.S. shows a (MSAs), the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, to slight increase compared to one year ago at this time. measure employment trends between April and June Following a negative Outlook in the final three quarters 2011. The mix of industries within the survey follows of 2009, U.S. employers have now expressed a positive the North American Industry Classification System Outlook for six straight quarters. (NAICS) Supersectors and is structured to be All four U.S. regions surveyed report a positive Net representative of the U.S. economy. All participants Employment Outlook of +8% when seasonal variations were asked, “How do you anticipate total employment are removed from the data. Quarter-over-quarter, hiring at your location to change in the three months to the plans are stable in the Northeast, South and West, end of June 2011 as compared to the current quarter?” while Midwest employers report a slight decline in hiring Among U.S. employers surveyed, 16% expect to add confidence. Compared to one year ago at this time, to their workforces, and 6% expect a decline in their employers in the Midwest, South and West report payrolls during Quarter 2 2011. Seventy-four percent of slightly more optimistic staffing plans, while the employers anticipate making no change to staff levels, Northeast is stable. The Outlook in the West, where and the remaining 4% of employers are undecided hiring plans have been the most conservative among about their Quarter 2 2011 hiring plans. the regions for the last five quarters, is the most promising since Quarter 4 2008. When seasonal variations are removed from the data, the Net Employment Outlook is +8%. Survey results Net Employment Seasonally Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Adjusted % % % % % % Quarter 2 2011 16 6 74 4 10 8 Quarter 1 2011 14 10 73 3 4 8 Quarter 4 2010 15 11 71 3 4 5 Quarter 3 2010 18 8 70 4 10 6 Quarter 2 2010 16 8 73 3 8 6 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 ’91 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’95 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook Net Employment Outlook No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009. The results of the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey in the United States include Puerto Rico. 1
  • 4. Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States Industry Sector Comparisons For Quarter 2 2011, employers have a positive Outlook increase. Payroll levels are expected to moderately in all of the 13 industry sectors included in the survey: increase among Durable and Nondurable Goods Leisure & Hospitality (+21%), Mining (+21%), Manufacturing, Transportation & Utilities and Financial Professional & Business Services (+15%), Durable Activities employers, while Wholesale & Retail Trade, Goods Manufacturing (+14%), Wholesale & Retail Trade Professional & Business Services and Other Services (+12%), Nondurable Goods Manufacturing (+11%), sector employers anticipate a slight increase. Three Financial Activities (+9%), Information (+9), industry sector employers plan to keep staff levels Transportation & Utilities (+8%), Other Services (+7%), stable: Information, Education & Health Services and Construction (+6%), Education & Health Services (+6%) Government. For the first time since Q1 2009 when the and Government (+1%). survey methodology was revised, none of the sectors surveyed report a negative Net Employment Outlook. When the industry sector data is compared quarter- over-quarter, employers in Mining, Construction and Results for the Mining sector are reported only in the Leisure & Hospitality anticipate a considerable hiring national survey data to ensure statistical accuracy. Net Employment Net Employment Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Q2 2011 Outlook Q1 2011 % % % % % % Construction 16 10 69 5 6 -9 Education & Health Services 11 5 79 5 6 6 Financial Activities 14 5 80 1 9 4 Government 9 8 77 6 1 0 Information 14 5 78 3 9 10 Leisure & Hospitality 27 6 65 2 21 12 Manufacturing – Durable Goods 19 5 73 3 14 6 Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods 15 4 78 3 11 6 Mining 27 6 64 3 21 6 Other Services 12 5 80 3 7 4 Professional & Business Services 21 6 69 4 15 11 Transportation & Utilities 16 8 73 3 8 2 Wholesale & Retail Trade 18 6 73 3 12 10 2
  • 5. Regional Comparisons Midwest Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8% In the Midwest, 16% of employers surveyed expect to considerable increase is anticipated by Construction and increase staff levels for Quarter 2 2011 and 6% Leisure & Hospitality employers; a moderate increase is anticipate reduced headcounts, leading to a Net expected among Transportation & Utility sector Employment Outlook of +10%. When seasonal variations employers; and a slight quarter-over-quarter increase is are removed from the data, the Outlook for Quarter 2 planned by employers in Durable and Nondurable 2011 is mixed: down slightly compared to Quarter 1 Goods Manufacturing, Information, Financial Activities 2011 and up slightly compared to one year ago at this and Other Services. The quarter-over-quarter Outlook is time. Three out of four Midwest employers anticipate no relatively stable among employers in Wholesale & Retail changes to their hiring plans. Trade and Education & Health Services. Professional & Business Services and Government sector employers Employers in eight of the 12 industry sectors surveyed in look to slow down hiring slightly compared to one the region expect the hiring pace to quicken in Quarter 2 quarter ago. 2011 compared to three months ago at this time. A Net Employment Seasonally Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Adjusted % % % % % % All Industries – Midwest 16 6 75 3 10 8 Construction 19 8 67 6 11 – Education & Health Services 10 5 81 4 5 – Financial Activities 12 5 81 2 7 – Government 7 9 80 4 -2 – Information 14 5 80 1 9 – Leisure & Hospitality 30 4 65 1 26 – Manufacturing – Durable Goods 22 5 70 3 17 – Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods 14 3 80 3 11 – Other Services 11 4 82 3 7 – Professional & Business Services 19 8 69 4 11 – Transportation & Utilities 22 7 68 3 15 – Wholesale & Retail Trade 16 7 74 3 9 – 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 ’91 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’95 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook Net Employment Outlook No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009. The Midwest Region comprises the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual industries is not currently available. 3
  • 6. Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States Northeast Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8% In the Northeast, 16% of employers indicate plans to Manufacturing and Leisure & Hospitality; a moderate increase staff levels, while 6% expect to decrease increase is anticipated in Financial Activities; and a slight payrolls, resulting in a Net Employment Outlook of increase is planned in Nondurable Goods Manufacturing, +10% for Quarter 2 2011. The seasonally adjusted Transportation & Utilities and Wholesale & Retail Trade. survey data reflects a relatively stable Outlook compared Employers in Professional & Business Services, to three months ago and to one year ago at this time. Education & Health Services, Other Services and Government report stable hiring intentions for April – Compared to Quarter 1 2011, Northeast region June compared to January – March 2011. Information employers in seven industry sectors expect the hiring sector employers expect the pace of hiring to decline pace to increase in Quarter 2 2011. A considerable moderately quarter-over-quarter. increase is expected in Construction, Durable Goods Net Employment Seasonally Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Adjusted % % % % % % All Industries – Northeast 16 6 74 4 10 8 Construction 21 7 68 4 14 – Education & Health Services 11 6 78 5 5 – Financial Activities 16 5 77 2 11 – Government 5 8 81 6 -3 – Information 9 5 83 3 4 – Leisure & Hospitality 28 7 62 3 21 – Manufacturing – Durable Goods 19 4 71 6 15 – Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods 16 5 73 6 11 – Other Services 9 4 84 3 5 – Professional & Business Services 21 6 69 4 15 – Transportation & Utilities 11 11 76 2 0 – Wholesale & Retail Trade 19 6 73 2 13 – 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 -10 ’91 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’95 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook Net Employment Outlook Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009. The Northeast Region comprises the following states: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual industries is not currently available. 4
  • 7. South Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8% In the South, 16% of employers surveyed expect to in the quarter-over-quarter hiring pace: Construction increase staff levels, and 6% plan to decrease their and Durable Goods Manufacturing. Nondurable Goods employee headcounts, resulting in a Net Employment Manufacturing, Transportation & Utilities, Professional & Outlook of +10%. When seasonal variations are Business Services and Leisure & Hospitality sector removed from the data, the Quarter 2 2011 employers foresee a moderate increase in hiring activity employment forecast is on a similar pace to Quarter 1 compared to Quarter 1 2011, while slight increases are 2011 and is slightly stronger than Quarter 2 2010. expected by Information, Financial Activities and Other Services employers. Employers in Wholesale & Retail All 12 sectors surveyed in the South have a positive Net Trade, Education & Health Services and Government Employment Outlook for Quarter 2 2011. Employers in report a stable Outlook for the second quarter two industry sectors anticipate a considerable increase compared to a quarter ago. Net Employment Seasonally Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Adjusted % % % % % % All Industries – South 16 6 74 4 10 8 Construction 13 12 71 4 1 – Education & Health Services 12 4 80 4 8 – Financial Activities 12 4 82 2 8 – Government 10 9 75 6 1 – Information 18 5 72 5 13 – Leisure & Hospitality 28 5 65 2 23 – Manufacturing – Durable Goods 18 3 76 3 15 – Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods 13 3 80 4 10 – Other Services 12 4 80 4 8 – Professional & Business Services 22 6 69 3 16 – Transportation & Utilities 15 7 75 3 8 – Wholesale & Retail Trade 19 6 71 4 13 – 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 ’91 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’95 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook Net Employment Outlook No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009. The South Region comprises Puerto Rico and the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual industries is not currently available. 5
  • 8. Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States West Seasonally Adjusted Net Employment Outlook: +8% Among employers surveyed in the West, 16% plan to Construction anticipate much stronger job prospects; add staff, while 7% anticipate a decline in payrolls, Nondurable Goods Manufacturing, Transportation & resulting in a Net Employment Outlook of +9% for Utilities, Professional & Business Services, Leisure & Quarter 2 2011. According to seasonally adjusted Hospitality and Government sector employers foresee survey results, employers in the West anticipate a moderate improvement; while Durable Goods relatively stable hiring Outlook compared to Quarter 1 Manufacturing, Wholesale & Retail Trade, Financial 2011 and a slightly improved Outlook compared to one Activities and Other Services industry sector employers year ago at this time. The region’s Outlook is the most expect hiring activities to increase slightly. While no promising since Quarter 4 2008. sectors report flat employment prospects compared to one quarter ago, employers in two industries plan to Similar to the South, each of the 12 industry sectors hire at a slower pace in the second quarter: Education surveyed in the West have a positive Net Employment & Health Services employers expect the hiring pace to Outlook. However, the quarter-over-quarter picture is inch down slightly and Information employers anticipate mixed. Compared to one quarter ago, employers in a moderate decrease. Net Employment Seasonally Increase Decrease No Change Don’t Know Outlook Adjusted % % % % % % All Industries – West 16 7 74 3 9 8 Construction 15 10 68 7 5 – Education & Health Services 10 7 78 5 3 – Financial Activities 15 5 77 3 10 – Government 13 7 74 6 6 – Information 13 5 80 2 8 – Leisure & Hospitality 23 7 69 1 16 – Manufacturing – Durable Goods 15 9 72 4 6 – Manufacturing – Nondurable Goods 17 6 75 2 11 – Other Services 14 7 76 3 7 – Professional & Business Services 22 6 69 3 16 – Transportation & Utilities 17 9 72 2 8 – Wholesale & Retail Trade 15 6 75 4 9 – 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 -5 ’91 ’92 ’93 ’94 ’95 ’96 ’97 ’98 ’99 ’00 ’01 ’02 ’03 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’11 Seasonally Adjusted Outlook Net Employment Outlook No bar indicates Net Employment Outlook of zero. Revised methodology effective Quarter 1 2009. The West Region comprises the following states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming. Because the industry sector reporting method has been changed effective Quarter 1 2009, seasonally adjusted data for individual industries is not currently available. 6
  • 9. Global Employment Outlook Nearly 64,000 employers have been interviewed across from 12 months ago in seven of eight Asia Pacific 39 countries and territories to measure anticipated countries and territories, and in seven of 10 countries in employment trends* between April and June 2011. the Americas. The conservative hiring Outlook in the Employers in 33 of the 39 countries and territories U.S. is unchanged quarter-over-quarter but improves Manpower surveyed expect to add to their workforces slightly from last year at this time. Meanwhile, Indian to varying degrees over the next three months. employers report their most optimistic forecast since the survey began there in the third quarter of 2005. Employers in India, Taiwan, Brazil, China, Turkey and Singapore report the strongest second-quarter hiring In the EMEA region, Outlooks improve in 11 of 21 plans, while those in Greece, Spain, Ireland and Italy countries from three months ago, with slight to report the weakest hiring forecasts. The hiring pace is moderate improvements reported by employers in all of expected to improve from three months ago in 18 of 39 the Eastern European countries surveyed. Year-over- countries and territories. In the 36 countries and year comparisons show improved job prospects in 11 territories where year-over-year comparisons are countries. European hiring intentions are strongest in possible, the hiring pace is expected to improve in 25. Turkey, Bulgaria, Belgium and Poland while employers in Greece expect the hiring environment to remain gloomy. Regionally, employers in the Americas and Asia Pacific continue to report positive Net Employment Outlooks. Employer demand for talent has improved somewhat * Commentary is based on seasonally adjusted data where available. Survey Respondents by Region Research for the Quarter 2 2011 Manpower Employment Outlook Survey involved surveying nearly 64,000 human resources directors and senior hiring EMEA managers from public and private organizations 28% worldwide. 47% of respondents came from 10 Americas countries in the Americas; 25% from eight countries 47% and territories across Asia Pacific; and 28% from 21 countries in EMEA. Asia Pacific 25% Full survey results for each of the 39 countries and territories included in this quarter’s survey, plus regional and global comparisons, can be found at the Manpower Press Room at press.manpower.com. In addition, all tables and graphs from the full report are available for download from the Manpower website at www.manpower.com/library. 7
  • 10. Manpower Employment Outlook Survey United States About the Survey The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is conducted Industries: The survey reports national results by the NAICS quarterly to measure employers’ intentions to increase or Supersectors. Error factors not to exceed +/- 5% for Mining decrease the number of employees in their workforces during and +/- 3% for the remaining Supersectors based on a 90% the next quarter. The survey has been running for more than confidence level. 48 years and is one of the most trusted surveys of employment activity in the world. Various factors underpin the Net Employment Outlook success of the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey: Throughout this report, we use the term “Net Employment Unique: It is unparalleled in its size, scope, longevity and area Outlook.” This figure is derived by taking the percentage of of focus. employers anticipating an increase in hiring activity and subtracting from this the percentage of employers expecting Projective: The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is the to see a decrease in employment at their location in the most extensive, forward-looking employment survey in the next quarter. The result of this calculation is the Net world, asking employers to forecast employment over the Employment Outlook. next quarter. In contrast, other surveys and studies focus on retrospective data to report on what occurred in the past. Seasonal Adjustment Independent: The survey is conducted with a representative Seasonal adjustments have been applied to the data for sample of employers from throughout the countries in which it Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, is conducted. The survey participants are not derived from China, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Italy, Manpower’s client base. Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Robust: The survey is based on interviews with nearly 64,000 Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, public and private employers across 39 countries and the United Kingdom and the United States to provide territories to measure anticipated employment trends each additional insight into the survey data. These adjustments quarter. This sample allows for analysis to be performed make it possible to review the data without the employment across specific sectors and regions to provide more detailed fluctuations that normally occur at the same time each year, information. thus providing a clearer picture of the data over time. Focused: For nearly five decades, the survey has derived all Manpower intends to add seasonal adjustments to the data of its information from a single question. for other countries in the future, as more historical data is compiled. Note that in Quarter 2 2008, Manpower adopted Survey Question the TRAMO-SEATS method of seasonal adjustment for data. All employers participating in the survey worldwide are asked the same question, “How do you anticipate total employment Additional Information Available at your location to change in the three months to the end of Find complete survey results, including reports for the top 100 June 2011 as compared to the current quarter?” Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 50 states, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico on our website. Downloadable visuals are Methodology also available. Visit press.manpower.com. The Manpower Employment Outlook Survey is conducted using a validated methodology, in accordance with the highest History of the Survey standards in market research. The research team for the 39 1962 First generation of the Manpower Employment Outlook countries and territories where the survey is currently Survey launched in the United States and Canada. conducted includes Manpower’s internal research team and 1966 Manpower’s United Kingdom operation launches the Infocorp Ltd. The survey has been structured to be equivalent of the United States survey, naming the representative of each national economy. The margin of error report the Quarterly Survey of Employment Prospects. for all national, regional and global data is not greater than The survey adopts the same forward looking research +/- 3.9%. format as the United States survey and is the first of its Regions: The survey reports results by the four regions within kind in Europe. the U.S. as determined by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each 1976 Second generation of the Manpower Employment region is represented with a minimum error factor of +/- 1.4% Outlook Survey launched in the United States and based on a 90% confidence level. Canada. Research methodology is updated to evolve with advancements in the field of market research. 8
  • 11. 2002 Manpower United Kingdom's Quarterly Survey of About Manpower Inc. Employment Prospects is updated to adopt an Manpower Inc. (NYSE: MAN), world leader in innovative enhanced research methodology. Manpower's workforce solutions; creates and delivers services that help operations in Mexico and Ireland launch the survey in clients meet their business and workforce objectives while their respective countries. enhancing their competitiveness. The $19 billion company 2003 Third generation of the Manpower Employment Outlook provides a full suite of solutions for the business cycle including Survey is launched, expanding the program to a total of permanent, temporary and contract recruitment; employee 18 countries worldwide: Australia, Austria, Belgium, assessment and selection; training; outplacement; outsourcing Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, and consulting. Manpower’s worldwide network of nearly 3,900 Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, offices in 82 countries and territories is the world’s largest in the Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the industry and enables the company to meet the needs of its United States. 400,000 clients per year, including small and medium size 2004 Manpower operations in New Zealand launch the enterprises in all industry sectors, as well as the world's largest Manpower Employment Outlook Survey. multinational corporations. The focus of Manpower’s work is on 2005 Manpower operations in China, India, Switzerland, unleashing the potential of humans so that employers and and Taiwan launch the Manpower Employment individuals can achieve more than they imagined. More Outlook Survey. information about Manpower Inc. is available at 2006 Manpower operations in Costa Rica and Peru join the www.manpower.com. survey program. Surveys in Australia, Austria, Belgium, Enter the Human Age at: www.manpower.com/humanage France, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Singapore, Spain and Sweden add seasonally adjusted data in the third quarter. Manpower operations in South Africa launch the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey 2007 Manpower operations in Argentina join the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey. The survey in New Zealand adds seasonally adjusted data in the first quarter. 2008 Manpower operations in Colombia, the Czech Republic, Greece, Guatemala, Poland and Romania join the survey program. China and Taiwan add seasonally adjusted data in the second quarter. India and Switzerland add seasonally adjusted data in the third quarter. 2009 Manpower operations in Hungary and Brazil launch the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey. 2010 Manpower’s Panama operation launches the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey, expanding the program total to 36 countries and territories worldwide. Peru adds seasonally adjusted data in the second quarter. Costa Rica adds seasonally adjusted data in the fourth quarter. 2011 Beginning in the first quarter, operations in Bulgaria, Slovenia and Turkey join the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey. Additionally, seasonally adjusted data is added in the first quarter for Argentina and South Africa. 9
  • 12. Manpower Inc., 100 Manpower Place, Milwaukee, WI 53212, USA Tel: 414 961 1000 www.us.manpower.com © 2011, Manpower Inc. All rights reserved.