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Assumptions,
Misconceptions,
Functions, and
Philosophy of Art
MR. HARRYL JAY L. ONDO, LPT
Instructor, Art Appreciation
❖ Discuss the nature of art
❖ Clarify misconceptions about art
❖ Determine the assumptions of art
❖ Distinguish direct and indirect functions
of art
❖ Characterize artistic expression based on
personal experience
❖ Apply concepts and theories on beauty
and aesthetics in real life scenarios
Intended Learning Outcomes
Quote
Analysis
❖ Art is part of life
❖ Imagination is an abstraction of a
certain thought or feeling based
on reality or experience (Hollick,
2014); while expression is an
automated response to it.
Art Imagination
When both means and ends are…
❖ Constructive: enhance not only the
individual’s quality of life essential but
also the life of others and the nation.
❖ Destructive: result to misery, hinder
progress, promote chaos, and bring
imminent danger to society.
Art Expression
Ars (Latin) – skill, talent, ability
➢ skill in making or doing something
(World Book Encyclopedia, 1995)
➢ expression of the creative skill and
imagination in different genres for
appreciation of beauty and emotional
power (Oxford, 2020)
Etymology and Definition
❖ Someone is an artist and
the others are not
▪ every individual has a talent
▪ we are skillful in everything that we do
that ends with good purpose
❖ Only for the rich and famous
▪ No bifurcation according to status
▪ Humans are capable of rationalization
Misconceptions of Art
❑ We fail to
recognize
❑ Lethargy
dictating us
not to do it
Misconceptions of Art
✓ Stop this
complacency
✓ Hone our
imagination to
its maximum
potential
Imagination
• allows us to be creative, to create
scientific inventions and aesthetic.
Creativity
• metacognitive; divergent thinking
• unstructured free flowing process to
capacitate the body and create art.
Creativity and Art Appreciation
• Gives us pleasure
• Allows us to imagine our past
experiences
• Draws our feelings to appreciate
beauty
Creativity and Art Appreciation
• Craft without art is awful with no
appreciation.
• When craft is subjected to mechanical
and systemic routine, production
process is dull and repetitive.
• Artists in industries must continue to
imagine latest product innovations,
designs, packaging and marketing.
Creativity and Art Appreciation
Art and Craft
Art Craft
Inocian,
2019
an expression of
feelings and
emotions
form of work
with the use of
available
materials
Zulueta,
1994
Beautiful, rather
useful
More useful than
beautiful
Expression of
imagination
Realization of
expression
Psychological
Utilitarian and
Mechanical
Explicit expression of feelings
from the imagined core and
peripheral issues is the
“magic recipe” of art.
• Personal – source of income, self-
expression, escape boredom, etc.
• Social – long-held tradition and
beliefs; public display and celebration;
influence collective behavior
• Physical – maintain balance of mind
and body: Mens sana in corpore sano
Functions of Art
Plato
➢ An artists’ work is nothing
but a copy (mimesis) of the
original object that is found
in the world of ideas and
forms.
➢ Arts is inferior to science
and philosophy.
Philosophy of Art
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
Aristotle
➢ Representation of reality
➢ Imitation of human life
➢ Artist’s unique way of
capturing the image of
reality in his own terms.
➢ Catharsis – purgation of
one’s emotions
Philosophy of Art
“Every art, and every inquiry and similarly
every action and choice, is ought to aim at
some good; and for this reason the good has
rightly been declared to be at which all things
aim.”
- Aristotle, The Nichomachean Ethics
Philosophy of Art
School of Athens
by Raphael
Immanuel Kant
➢ Second nature to man
➢ No reason to engage
in art but the act itself
➢ Artists shouldn’t have
justification for their
work
➢ Freedom in one’s art
Philosophy of Art
“All industries, crafts, and arts have gained
by the division of labor, viz., one man does
not do everything, but each confines himself
to a certain kind of work that is distinguished
from all kinds by the treatment it requires, so
that the work may be done with highest
perfection and with greater ease.”
- Immanuel Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphyics of Morals
Immanuel Kant
➢ Focus to succeed
➢ Artist’s fulfillment when he
accomplishes it the way he
wanted it to be
➢ Fame and recognition are
only secondary
Philosophy of Art
Integrity – faithfulness to one’s principle
An artist’s work follows its own truth and
is not swayed by other people’s motives.
“Beauty is enhanced by unashamed
irregularities; magnificence by a facade of
blunder”
Philosophical Themes in Art
Proportion – consonance; balance or
consistency of elements
For effect – to emphasize a certain
element in the work.
Philosophical Themes in Art
Radiance – clarity; meaning or impact
upon the observer
When a viewer looks at an artwork for
instance, his attention is caught by the
object immediately as he lays his eyes
on it.
Philosophical Themes in Art
“We make objects beautiful to understand
ourselves. Art, then, must be a part of any
exploration of the good life.”
Retrieved from ResPublica Politics
Retrieved from Manila Bulletin
Courtesy of Canadian Broadcasting Company
Courtesy of National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) and
The Arts Education Partnership (AEP)
Image retrieved from Wikipedia
Image retrieved from Inquirer.net
Courtesy of Teddy Casiño (@teddycasino)
retrieved via Twitter

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1. Assumptions, Misconceptions, Functions, and Philosophy of Art.pdf

  • 1. Assumptions, Misconceptions, Functions, and Philosophy of Art MR. HARRYL JAY L. ONDO, LPT Instructor, Art Appreciation
  • 2.
  • 3. ❖ Discuss the nature of art ❖ Clarify misconceptions about art ❖ Determine the assumptions of art ❖ Distinguish direct and indirect functions of art ❖ Characterize artistic expression based on personal experience ❖ Apply concepts and theories on beauty and aesthetics in real life scenarios Intended Learning Outcomes
  • 5. ❖ Art is part of life ❖ Imagination is an abstraction of a certain thought or feeling based on reality or experience (Hollick, 2014); while expression is an automated response to it. Art Imagination
  • 6. When both means and ends are… ❖ Constructive: enhance not only the individual’s quality of life essential but also the life of others and the nation. ❖ Destructive: result to misery, hinder progress, promote chaos, and bring imminent danger to society. Art Expression
  • 7. Ars (Latin) – skill, talent, ability ➢ skill in making or doing something (World Book Encyclopedia, 1995) ➢ expression of the creative skill and imagination in different genres for appreciation of beauty and emotional power (Oxford, 2020) Etymology and Definition
  • 8. ❖ Someone is an artist and the others are not ▪ every individual has a talent ▪ we are skillful in everything that we do that ends with good purpose ❖ Only for the rich and famous ▪ No bifurcation according to status ▪ Humans are capable of rationalization Misconceptions of Art
  • 9. ❑ We fail to recognize ❑ Lethargy dictating us not to do it Misconceptions of Art ✓ Stop this complacency ✓ Hone our imagination to its maximum potential
  • 10. Imagination • allows us to be creative, to create scientific inventions and aesthetic. Creativity • metacognitive; divergent thinking • unstructured free flowing process to capacitate the body and create art. Creativity and Art Appreciation
  • 11. • Gives us pleasure • Allows us to imagine our past experiences • Draws our feelings to appreciate beauty Creativity and Art Appreciation
  • 12. • Craft without art is awful with no appreciation. • When craft is subjected to mechanical and systemic routine, production process is dull and repetitive. • Artists in industries must continue to imagine latest product innovations, designs, packaging and marketing. Creativity and Art Appreciation
  • 13. Art and Craft Art Craft Inocian, 2019 an expression of feelings and emotions form of work with the use of available materials Zulueta, 1994 Beautiful, rather useful More useful than beautiful Expression of imagination Realization of expression Psychological Utilitarian and Mechanical
  • 14. Explicit expression of feelings from the imagined core and peripheral issues is the “magic recipe” of art.
  • 15. • Personal – source of income, self- expression, escape boredom, etc. • Social – long-held tradition and beliefs; public display and celebration; influence collective behavior • Physical – maintain balance of mind and body: Mens sana in corpore sano Functions of Art
  • 16. Plato ➢ An artists’ work is nothing but a copy (mimesis) of the original object that is found in the world of ideas and forms. ➢ Arts is inferior to science and philosophy. Philosophy of Art
  • 18. Aristotle ➢ Representation of reality ➢ Imitation of human life ➢ Artist’s unique way of capturing the image of reality in his own terms. ➢ Catharsis – purgation of one’s emotions Philosophy of Art
  • 19. “Every art, and every inquiry and similarly every action and choice, is ought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be at which all things aim.” - Aristotle, The Nichomachean Ethics
  • 20. Philosophy of Art School of Athens by Raphael
  • 21. Immanuel Kant ➢ Second nature to man ➢ No reason to engage in art but the act itself ➢ Artists shouldn’t have justification for their work ➢ Freedom in one’s art Philosophy of Art
  • 22. “All industries, crafts, and arts have gained by the division of labor, viz., one man does not do everything, but each confines himself to a certain kind of work that is distinguished from all kinds by the treatment it requires, so that the work may be done with highest perfection and with greater ease.” - Immanuel Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphyics of Morals
  • 23. Immanuel Kant ➢ Focus to succeed ➢ Artist’s fulfillment when he accomplishes it the way he wanted it to be ➢ Fame and recognition are only secondary Philosophy of Art
  • 24. Integrity – faithfulness to one’s principle An artist’s work follows its own truth and is not swayed by other people’s motives. “Beauty is enhanced by unashamed irregularities; magnificence by a facade of blunder” Philosophical Themes in Art
  • 25. Proportion – consonance; balance or consistency of elements For effect – to emphasize a certain element in the work. Philosophical Themes in Art
  • 26. Radiance – clarity; meaning or impact upon the observer When a viewer looks at an artwork for instance, his attention is caught by the object immediately as he lays his eyes on it. Philosophical Themes in Art
  • 27. “We make objects beautiful to understand ourselves. Art, then, must be a part of any exploration of the good life.”
  • 30. Courtesy of Canadian Broadcasting Company
  • 31. Courtesy of National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) and The Arts Education Partnership (AEP)
  • 32. Image retrieved from Wikipedia Image retrieved from Inquirer.net
  • 33. Courtesy of Teddy Casiño (@teddycasino) retrieved via Twitter