Machinery Safety Tips

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Machinery Safety Tips

  1. 1. Machinery Safety Safety Watch Engr. Segun R. Bello Lecturer/Research Officer Content 1.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................ 1 1.2 What is Machinery and Function ........................................................................ 1 1.3 Responsibility for Machinery Safety ................................................................... 2 1.4 Human Factor in Accident and Consequences .................................................... 3 1.5 Conclusion .......................................................................................................... 3 Bibliography.................................................................................................................... 31.1 Introduction There are a number of appealing tasks on the farm for all categories of workers.Perhaps operating machinery and heavy equipment is one of the more commonneeds on the farm. One of the most common causes of injury and death on the farmis the unsafe use of equipment. These injuries can be prevented by acceptingresponsibility for equipment safe-use and taking necessary precautions.1.2 What is Machinery and Machinery Function Machinery is any device that transmits or modifies energy to perform a variety oftasks. Such devices include mechanical,electrical, hydraulic or hydrostatic devices.These machines are designed to performspecific works and are powered bydrivelines, hydraulic oil pressure,electrical motors, engines, or groundwheel traction.Correspondence: Department of Agricultural Engineering Technology Extension Services, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu EbonyiState, Nigeria.
  2. 2. Machines can be fascinating as well as presenting a number of hazards to thoseworking around them regardless of how machines are powered. In as much as youhave been trained in what youre doing and you are physically strong enough to workthe equipment.1.3 Responsibility for Machinery Safety Responsibility for machinery safety on the farm is a joint responsibility of all thestakeholders involved in farm operation. The following partners and theirresponsibilities are as enumerated below. Farm Owners are responsible and should therefore accept responsibility for thesafety of their workers. They must ensure that employees and family workers aretrained on the proper and safe ways to do their jobs. Employers: Full responsibility of providing safety equipment, safety charts andsafe-work procedure are the sole responsibilities of the employer. Safety Professionals: The risk of injury and illness can be reduced by takingcertain preventive measures such as conducting routine hazard checks onequipment, buildings etc. - and correcting observed problems immediately. Suchactions as routine hazard checks are the sole responsibility of safety professionalwhich must be done in accordance with laid down procedures. Machinery Operators: We all know that machines are inanimate objects in thatthey cannot think or reason, but can be adapted to meet the needs of people. Safemachinery operation primarily depend your interaction with the machines youoperate. The responsibility for machinery safety and continual functionality restswith the operator, machinery condition, associated workers, and the environment. Machine Motion: Based on the action or motion of machine components, thereare several dangerous areas which can cause injury, dismemberment, and/or deathof the operator, these parts must be well guided or shielded from direct humancontact. Undue familiarity with particular machinery has made many operators tounderestimate the potential hazards resident in the machine and by so doing endedup as victims of machinery accident. In this regard, most machinery injuries were not caused as a result of machinefunctionality or breakdown but as a result of carelessness and lackadaisical attitudeto their usage. This is a pointer that most machinery-related accidents minor ormajor, casual or fatal results from Human Errors.Correspondence: Department of Agricultural Engineering Technology Extension Services, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu EbonyiState, Nigeria.
  3. 3. 1.4 Human Factor in Accident and Consequences Accidents do not just happen, they are caused. Know that accident never happenuntil there is an error; machine error, human error or environmental uncertainties.Your responsibility therefore as an employer, operator, farm/industry worker andvisitor is to eliminate or minimise these errors to the barest minimum by practicingsafe work practice. Injuries occurs when Workers are a. Not paying close attention to work, or b. When the Operator lost concentration or forgot something and wasn’t paying close attention, c. When he took a risk, ignored a warning, or d. When failed to follow safety rules. Despite the efforts made by manufacturers to make machinery safe, yet allhazards cannot be totally removed. For instance, some dangerous machine partscannot be completely shielded as a result of their functionality; for instance, a totallyenclosed cutting blade could not cut.1.5 Conclusion Consequent on the inability of these hazards to be totally eliminated, you can becut, crushed, pulled in or struck by an object thrown by these machines. You can alsobe injured if you fall while working on or near any of these machines. So workersmust exercise caution when operating these machines.Bibliography1 Farm Safety Association fact sheet, 2002. Agricultural machinery hazards 22-340 Woodlawn Road West, Guelph, Ontario (519) 823-5600.2 George Maher, 1997. Tractor Safety: Stay on Top of It! AE-1121 NDSU publication HESNI (2002). TRACTOR ACTION. A Step-by-Step Safety Guide Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland 83 Ladas Drive Belfast BT6 9FR Web: www.hseni.gov.uk E-mail: hseni@detni.gov.uk3 Health and Safety Executive HSE, 2006. Chainsaws at work Published by the Health and Safety Executive, 03/064 Worksafe Alberta, 2006. Managing Health and Safety in Your Workplace for small business. SMB002 March 2006Correspondence: Department of Agricultural Engineering Technology Extension Services, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu EbonyiState, Nigeria.

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