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AngelComms H4D 2021 Lessons Learned

business model, business model canvas, mission model, mission model canvas, customer development, hacking for defense, H4D, lean launchpad, lean startup, stanford, startup, steve blank, pete newell, bmnt, entrepreneurship, I-Corps, Security, NSIN, NSA, disposable infrastructure, cyber, Joe Felter, DOD, Air Force, Search and Rescue, CFACC, JPRC

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AngelComms H4D 2021 Lessons Learned

  1. Mentors ● Craig Seidel ● LtCol Richard Lawson ● CDR Jack Souders Sponsor ● Maj Richard Barnes (DIU) ● Mark Breier (In-Q-Tel) TA: Sally Egan Original Problem Statement United States Air Force Combat Rescue Officers need an improved communication tool when conducting Personnel Recovery in order to enhance situational awareness and streamline mission execution. Revised Problem Statement Decision-makers need autonomous proof of life from a downed pilot to inform the launch and execution decisions of a rescue mission while avoiding intercept and detection in a near-peer environment. Simon Acker M.S. EE ‘22 B.S. EE ‘21 Johannes Hui M.A. Intl Policy (ISEC) ‘22 B.S. CS (AI) ‘21 Deborah Jantz B.A.H. Intl Relations and Security ‘22 Kyle Thompson M.A. Intl Policy (Cybersecurity) ‘22 Army Special Forces 108 Interviews Team AngelComms
  2. BENEFICIARIES Primary ● Fixed and rotary wing pilots ● Personnel recovery teams (PJs and CROs) ● Servicemembers on combat operations Secondary ● Civilian SAR ● Police ● Firefighters ● Outdoor/Adventure Enthusiasts VALUE PROPOSITION ● Automated health condition reporting from biosensors will speed up recovery and allow recovery teams to know needs of isolated person ● User-friendly communications to ease stress on IP and recovery team ● Upgradeable hardware through modular system
  3. We talked to... Tactical CSAR: 24 Civilian SAR: 9 Commercial Vendors: 26 Decision-Makers: 11 Pilots: 12 Procurement and Deployment Experts: 19
  4. Radio Specs: • Size • Weight • Power • User Interface Personnel Recovery Isn’t Just About Pilot Preferences
  5. Value Proposition The radio is insufficient Radio Size, Weight, Power (SWaP) Week Enthusiasm Lack of Automation = the Survival Radio is Insufficient Combat Rescue Officers (CROs, tactical CSAR units) Automated Authentication, Threat, Location, Condition (ATLC) “Confidence in reporting of an event can determine the speed of the rest of the operation.” - Combat Rescue Officer (CRO)
  6. Value Proposition Automated Authentication, Threat, Location, Condition (ATLC) Radio Size, Weight, Power (SWaP) Combat Rescue Officers (CROs, tactical CSAR units) Week Enthusiasm Who are the beneficiaries? “Critical information is information which alters action. Much of what currently gets reported doesn’t influence our actions.” - Combat Rescue Officer (CRO) The radio is insufficient ?
  7. Building the Workflow INCIDENT REPORTED Is IP alive? Yes No Threat level? Acceptable EXECUTE Too high Abort Rescue Mission Commander (RMC) How confident are we on validity of report? Not confident Keep gathering info Authentication, Threat, Location, Condition of isolated person? What friendly forces are nearby and what are their capabilities? Immediate Deliberate LAUNCH Who should go/who is equipped? How many can we risk for this? What support do they need? What medical personnel/supplies should they take? PR Event Declared High confidence Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC) Combined Forces Air Component Commander (CFACC) & JPRC Director
  8. Personnel Recovery Decisions Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC) Combined Forces Air Component Commander (CFACC) & JPRC Director Terminal Area Objective Insertion Point Forward Operating Base Rescue Forces & RMC Airborne Communications Platform LAUNCH EXECUTE
  9. Value Proposition Radio Size, Weight, Power (SWaP) Combat Rescue Officers (CROs, tactical CSAR units) Week Enthusiasm Beneficiary Clarity! Beneficiary clarity! The radio is insufficient Automated Authentication, Threat, Location, Condition (ATLC) CFACC, JPRC Director & RMC
  10. Mission Achievement Risk to Isolated Person 4hrs Isolating Event Time “According to numerous historical studies, after four or more hours on the ground, the chance that a survivor in combat will be successfully rescued is historically less than twenty percent.” - JP 3.50 (Personnel Recovery Publication) Launch Launch Decision- Maker Execution Decision- Maker Time! Confidence!
  11. Execution Decision by Rescue Mission Commander (RMC) Joint Personnel Recovery Center (JPRC) Combined Forces Air Component Commander (CFACC) & JPRC Director Terminal Area Objective Forward Operating Base Rescue Forces & RMC Airborne Communications Platform When you don't know [proof of life]...it makes it extremely difficult to decide to risk anyone, much less a helicopter full of five member rescue team. - Air Force Brig Gen Report Needed Updated Report Needed Automation Needed LAUNCH EXECUTE
  12. Value Proposition Radio Size, Weight, Power (SWaP) Combat Rescue Officers (CROs, tactical CSAR units) Automate Proof of Life and Location Reporting Automated Proof of Life (PoL) & Location Reporting “Proof of life feeds into making a better decision, faster.” - Air Force Brig Gen Week Enthusiasm Automate Proof of Life & Location Reporting! The radio is insufficient Automated Authentication, Threat, Location, Condition (ATLC) Beneficiary clarity! CFACC, JPRC Director & RMC
  13. BENEFICIARIES Primary ● Decision-Makers (CFACC, JPRC Director, RMC) ● Servicemembers at high risk of isolation (i.e. downed pilot) Secondary ● Personnel recovery teams (PJs and CROs) Tertiary ● Civilian SAR ● Police ● Firefighters ● Outdoor Enthusiasts VALUE PROPOSITION ● Provide reliable updates of pilot’s condition to inform risk and resource management, reducing time in report phase ● Provide automatic condition reporting capability without need for manual action, reducing time in report phase. ● Provide objective information on IP’s condition to better prepare the rescue team at insertion point.
  14. Biometric Sensor → Proof of Life/Condition - Heart rate, SpO2, temp, BP, respiratory rate, body temperature - 30 day battery life Downed Pilot End-User-Device → Authentication and Threat - Two-way text - Simple Graphical User Interface - Moving map Over-the-Horizon / Line-of-Sight Puck → Location - LPI/LPD: spread spectrum frequency hopping, hide below noise floor - 30 day battery life Automation - Auto-activation - Interval tracking Integrate and Automate Commercial Solutions
  15. JPRC, RMC, and Rescue Teams Automatically Receive Condition (Proof of Life) and Location Condition (Proof of Life) Location “Vitals information is game changing. Full set of vitals bounces off on-board flight surgeon and back home” - Rescue Mission Commander
  16. Minimum Viable Product: Product-Mission Fit! Downed Pilot CFACC & JPRC Director Rescue Mission Commander End-User-Device Biometric Sensor Communications Device (Puck) Recovery Team EXECUTE LAUNCH
  17. Week Enthusiasm How do we get our MVP into the hands of Pilots? Product-mission fit! Dual-use potential! The radio is insufficient Automate Proof of Life & Location Reporting! Beneficiary clarity! Deployment Challenges...
  18. Similar problem in civilian aviation...Dual-Use Potential! Only 4% of 10,236 incidents in 2020 were actual distress calls resulting in a follow-on mission. 212,380 General Aviation Aircraft 3,735 Air Force Aircraft “I could absolutely see people going crazy over something like that...I think you’re really onto something.” - Career General Aviation Mechanic Electronic Locator Transmitter responsible for 7,133 incident alerts! Market Share
  19. Next Steps...Bring Technical Communications in Personnel Recovery to the 21st Century! Objectives: - Air Force’s WEPTAC conference - Get a solution into the hands of pilots ○ Partnership required? Site Visits: - JPRC located at Al-Udeid Air Force Base, Qatar Next Interviews: - NorCal Aviation Service - Artex (ELT manufacturer)
  20. Mentors ● Craig Seidel ● LtCol Richard Lawson ● CDR Jack Souders Sponsor ● Maj Richard Barnes (DIU) ● Mark Breier (In-Q-Tel) TA: Sally Egan AngelComms: angelcomms@lists.stanford.edu Simon Acker M.S. EE ‘22 B.S. EE ‘21 Johannes Hui M.A. Intl Policy (ISEC) ‘22 B.S. CS (AI) ‘21 Deborah Jantz B.A.H. Intl Relations and Security ‘22 Kyle Thompson M.A. Intl Policy (Cybersecurity) ‘22 Army Special Forces Thank you to our interviewees, sponsors, mentors, and TA!

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