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Cognitiveradioregulatorychallengejc 100803085826-phpapp01


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Cognitiveradioregulatorychallengejc 100803085826-phpapp01

  1. 1. 9/30/2013 COGNITIVE RADIO The Regulatory Challenge Jim Connolly Senior Spectrum Advisor
  2. 2. 2 Overview  Software Defined Radio & Cognitive Radio  Techniques for Cognitive Radio  Access Models  Opportunities for Ireland?
  3. 3. Software Defined Radio (SDR) A radio transmitter and/or receiver employing a technology that:  allows the RF operating parameters including, but not limited to, frequency range, modulation type, or output power to be set or altered by software, excluding changes to operating parameters which occur during the normal pre-installed and predetermined operation of a radio according to a system specification or standard Source: ITU-R Study Group 1 3
  4. 4. Cognitive Radio System (CR) A radio system employing technology that allows the system:  To obtain knowledge of its operational and geographical environment, established policies and its internal state;  to dynamically and autonomously adjust its operational parameters and protocols according to its obtained knowledge in order to achieve predefined objectives; and  to learn from the results obtained Source: ITU-R Study Group 1 4
  5. 5. Techniques for Cognitive Radio (1)  Spectrum Sensing  Sense radio signals from other (nearby) radio transmitters; adjust radio transmission parameters dynamically  Failure to detect in-band transmitter leads to interference - the so-called “Hidden Node” problem: Obstacle Device A Cognitive Radio Transceiver Device B Transmitter Device C Receiver Transmission from A interferes with reception of C A cannot sense B 5
  6. 6. Techniques for Cognitive Radio (2)  Location Awareness & Geo-location Databases  Each Cognitive Radio device is able to determine its location and the location of other transmitters or receivers  Tries to avoid the Hidden Node problem by consulting a central database of nearby transmitters and adjusting radio parameters to avoid interference  Requires database(s) to be maintained; challenging  Cognitive Pilot Channel (CPC)  Dedicated carrier providing frequency usage information for the intended band in a given area. (CPC could be within the intended band or an internationally designated frequency outside the band)  Requires Availability, Reliability, Accuracy & Security of the information 6
  7. 7. Access Models 7 Source: Ministry of Economic Affairs, The Netherlands (OSA = Opportunistic Spectrum Access Frequency bands & technical conditions identified & defined by regulator •Framework for trading / leasing of spectrum rights defined by regulator. •Spectrum identified by primary licensed users
  8. 8. Opportunities for Ireland?  ‘Spot market’ software tools  Database hosting  Test and Trial Ireland – for trying out technology/applications  Other? 8