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The benefits of regional anesthesia by courtney leddell

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Regional anesthesia refers to a form of anesthesia in which local anesthetic medications are injected into patients to numb only the area of the body that requires surgery. It is used commonly for procedures in obstetrics and gynecology as well as urology and orthopedics.

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The benefits of regional anesthesia by courtney leddell

  1. 1. The Benefits ofRegional Anesthesia By Courtney Leddell
  2. 2. What is Regional Anesthesia?Regional anesthesia refers to a form of anesthesia inwhich local anesthetic medications are injected intopatients to numb only the area of the body that requiressurgery. It is used commonly for procedures in obstetricsand gynecology as well as urology and orthopedics.
  3. 3. Types of Regional AnesthesiaRegional anesthesia consists of two major types. Peripheral nerve blocks are local anesthetic medications that are injected into a nerve or bundle of nerves to block pain in a certain location of the body.  Nerve blocks are most effective in surgeries involving the face, groin, legs, feet, arms, and hands. By contrast, epidural and spinal anesthetics are injected near the spinal cord and its major nerve areas to numb an entire region of the body, such as the lower portion of the body.Other medications are frequently used in conjunction with regionalanesthesia to relax the patient or reduce pain. Regional blocks arealso used to lessen pain after surgery.
  4. 4. Regional Anesthesia: Safe and EffectiveWith advances in medical knowledge, regional anesthesiahas become safe and effective. New technologies allow for more effective monitoring of patients for complications.
  5. 5. Some Benefits of Regional AnesthesiaWhile there may be risks associated with regionalanesthesia, there are also many benefits. Patients may be conscious during the procedure, or if sedated, they awaken faster. Additionally, local anesthetic medications provide extended lengths of pain reduction, thus eliminating the risks and side effects of general anesthesia. By avoiding the use of opioids, patients will not experience accompanying side effects such as nausea and vomiting.
  6. 6. Benefits—Continued Furthermore, these local anesthetic medications enhance operating conditions for the surgeon because they reduce intraoperative bleeding, lower the risk for blood clots, and induce muscle relaxation. Studies have shown high patient satisfaction with regional anesthesia.
  7. 7. About the Author Courtney Leddell practiced anesthesiology for five years at Advocate BroMenn Hospital before beginning a consulting practice. His specialty is regional anesthesia. Dr. Leddell graduated from the University of Illinois College of Medicine and completed his residency in anesthesiology at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine.

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