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Americas Broadband Future David Russell


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Outlines the national perspective and includes costs for deploying FTTH. The costs were put together for the FCC staff using real life numbers from Minnesota and Wisconsin, with the assistance of Finley Engineering, Hiawatha and Jaguar.

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Americas Broadband Future David Russell

  1. 1. Perspective on Fiber-to-the-Home
  2. 2. National Broadband Plan Perspective <ul><li>National Broadband Plan should encourage FTTH deployments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 million homes have been passed in just 6 years-we must be doing something right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 400 service providers are deploying FTTH in the United States today-how do we maintain the momentum? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FTTH is the only architecture that can meet the broadband needs of American citizens over the next decade and beyond (100 Mbps+) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The cost to deploy fiber is dropping rapidly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Federal government can accelerate deployment and help lower costs through policies that encourage deployment-particularly in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FCC September 29 th Meeting on the National Broadband Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Report clearly indicates that the FCC understands the value and importance of a fiber infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The industry needs to work with the FCC staff to provide better information on costs for fiber and how to accelerate deployment </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Consumer Driven Broadband <ul><li>Where is the US broadband market going? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rapid emergence of video dominated content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet stages: textual  graphical  video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video = Rich, interactive content shared across devices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Today=5 Mbps  5 yrs=100 Mbps  10+ yrs=1 Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul>Last 6 months  Video streaming doubled Ubiquitous Video  Entertainment, Education, Communication
  4. 4. U.S. FTTP Service Providers FTTP Technology by Number of Companies Source: Broadband Properties, November 2009 Nov. 2009 Nov. 2008
  5. 5. FCC Estimates on Broadband Table from FCC September Commission Meeting, September 29, 2009 Capability of Estimated Commercial Deployments Housing Units Requiring Upgrade to Reach Each Tier Incremental Cost to Universal Availability of These Advertised Speeds (Best Estimate) .768-3 Mbps 3-6 Million $20 Billion 3-10 Mbps 7-10 Million $35 Billion 10-30 Mbps 33-37 Million $50 Billion 100+ Mbps 111-116 Million $350 Billion
  6. 6. FTTH Costs: Passing & Serving Homes Backbone / Central Office Passing Homes Serving Homes Sources: CSMG, Hiawatha Broadband, Jaguar, Finley Engineering Factors that increase the FTTH investment required include: lower household density, greater linear distance between households, fewer homes per CO, higher service uptake, more buried plant Passive Optical Splitters Central Office (CO) Data Ethernet Switch Internet OLT EDFA IT / OSS / BSS Drop Set-top Box Phone ONT Data RF Video Only Service Provider Cost to Pass Per HU Incremental Cost per HU HU Density Verizon $700 $650 >100’s /sq. mile Jaguar (Rural Minnesota) $1438 $693 28.53 /sq. mile Finley Engineering Case Studies (w/Hiawatha BB) $1871 $750 14.33 /route mile
  7. 7. Verizon’s Cost Per Home Served Actual cost per home served at a 30% take rate for 1000 homes: $700 X 1,000 = $700,000 to pass 1,000 homes $650 X 300 = $195,000 to serve 300 homes $895,000/300=$2,983 per home served 30% Take Rate 50% Take Rate 100% Take Rate Cost per Home Passed $700 $700 $700 Incremental Cost per Home Served $650 $650 $650 Actual Cost per Home Served $2983 $2050 $1350
  8. 8. Rural FTTH Cost Per Home Passed Costs based on average of nine FTTH projects in the midwest. Verizon’s incremental cost per home served is $100 per home less. But Verizon’s take rates are much less. Higher costs in rural areas are partly offset by rural operators’ higher penetration rates 30% Take Rate 50% Take Rate 100% Take Rate Cost per Home Passed $1655 $1655 $1655 Incremental Cost per Home Served $722 $722 $722 Actual Cost per Home Served $6238 $4032 $2377
  9. 9. <ul><li>Within rural towns Hiawatha </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband and Jaguar </li></ul><ul><li>achieve costs close to those of </li></ul><ul><li>Verizon because densities in </li></ul><ul><li>towns are equivalent to Verizon’s </li></ul><ul><li>By serving towns and the </li></ul><ul><li>surrounding rural areas, Hiawatha </li></ul><ul><li>and Jaguar are able to make </li></ul><ul><li>their business case work </li></ul>Cost to Deploy Fiber <ul><ul><li>We observe a 5X difference in FTTH costs per HH passed over the range of HH densities with publicly reported data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This range of densities represents a wide spectrum of HH densities from rural (5 HHs per sq. mile) to urban (1,375 HHs per sq. mile) </li></ul></ul>Source: FCC Filings, SNL Kagan, CSMG Analysis Hiawatha Broadband (MN – 6 urban markets) Verizon FiOS Footprint 2009 FTTH Costs to Pass per HH Jaguar Comm. Blooming Prairie City MN Jaguar Comm. All markets average Jaguar Comm. Somerset MN Jaguar Comm. Blooming Prairie MN Jaguar Comm. Summit MN Jaguar Comm. Aurora MN
  10. 10. Working the FCC Estimate Backwards <ul><ul><li>The FCC $350 Billion equates to $2434 per home passed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the CSMG model this would equate to only 14 homes per square mile </li></ul></ul>y = -467.24 Ln(x) + 3658.9 y = -467.24 Ln(14) + 3658.9 y = -1233.1 + 3658.9 y = 2425.8 100% Take Rate Cost per Home Passed $2434 Incremental Cost per Home Served $650 Actual Cost per Home Served $3084
  11. 11. The Cost To Fiber The U.S. <ul><li>129 Million housing units on 3.5 million sq. land miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On average there are 34 housing units per square mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber already passes 18 million homes, leaving 111 million HU’s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using the model to calculate the cost to fiber the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34 HU’s per square mile requires $2011 per home passed + $650 per home served </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$2661 X 111 M = $295 Billion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>But this assumes housing is distributed evenly and no land is uninhabited </li></ul>
  12. 12. Is the U.S. Population Clustered? Source: US Census Bureau
  13. 13. Adjusting for Low Population Areas <ul><li>Adjusting for largely uninhabited areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>200 of around 3200 counties in the U.S. average less than 1 house per square mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These counties cover 27% of the U.S. land area (968,290 square miles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We estimate these areas have approximately 345 thousand housing units. This is .3% of U.S. housing units </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adjustments for areas that may not make sense to fiber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Another 463 counties in the U.S. average between 1 to 5 houses per square mile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These counties cover another 23% of the U.S. land area (800,727 square miles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We estimate these areas have approximately 2.25 million housing units. This is 1.7% of U.S. households </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Revised Fiber Build Out Estimates <ul><ul><li>Eliminating the areas with less than one house per square mile increases U.S. average density to approximately 50 HU per square mile and lowers calculated build out cost to $275 Billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminating the areas between one and five houses per square mile increases U.S. average density to approximately 72 HU per square mile and lowers calculated build out cost to $252 Billion </li></ul></ul>@50 HU/sq mile Cost per Home Passed $1831 Incremental Cost per Home $650 Actual Cost per Home Served $2481 @72 HU/sq mile Cost per Home Passed $1661 Incremental Cost per Home $650 Actual Cost per Home Served $2311
  15. 15. Housing is Concentrated County Name County HH Density Burwell, NE Lancaster, NH Jamestown, TN Garfield County, Nebraska 1.4 HHs per sq. mi. Coos County, New Hampshire 7.8 HHs per sq. mi. Fentress County, Tennessee 13.4 HHs per sq. mi. Example Locality Example Rural Localities & Household Density <ul><ul><li>Broad classifications of locality type (rural vs. urban) and density metrics may be poor indicators of the investment required to deploy FTTH to a community, as population and households can exhibit differing levels of clustering </li></ul></ul>Source: Google Earth, US Census Bureau, CSMG Analysis
  16. 16. Jaguar Cost Per Home Passed Housing Units per Square Mile $1438 Over half of the housing units are located in town, lowering the average cost to service the area by over $664 per home (28 HU per sq. mile=$2102)
  17. 17. $206 Billion to Fiber U.S. Sources: US Census Bureau Data, Render Vanderslice, CSMG cost model Largely Unoccupied <1 HU/sq. m Very Low Density 1-5 HU Rural Non-Metro Rural Metro Urban Non-Metro Pop. 2500+ Urban Metro Non-Metro Total 22,543,000 345,000 2,256,000 10,691,000 n/a 9,251,000 n/a Metro Total 106,467,000 n/a n/a n/a 13,779,000 n/a 92,688,000 Fiber Passed Today 0 0 500,000 Included in rural non-metro 500,000 17,000,000 Future FTTH Homes 0 0 10,191,000 13,779,000 8,751,000 75,688,000 Cost Model n/a n/a Worst Case 6 HU/sq m $3840 Worst Case 6 HU/sq m $3840 Verizon Costs Verizon Costs Cost n/a n/a $39.1 B $52.9 B $11.8 B $102.1 B
  18. 18. Summary and Recommendations <ul><li>$206 Billion could complete the build out of fiber to 98% of U.S. housing units </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimate is conservative and assumes limited cost improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The estimate does not include areas already passed by FTTH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommendations to help deploy fiber throughout the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two portions of the U.S. network are successfully being fibered: Verizon urban areas and rural areas controlled by Independent Telcos. Its important to understand what policies and assistance made that possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal assistance to help get projects through initial start up phase, enabling private capital to invest in entities with proven EBITA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple play drives FTTH, costs for video content are destroying business case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing more reasonable transport/backhaul pricing in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rural POP program that enables service providers and communities to gain access to fibers traversing through their communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public/private partnership to establish an FTTH training program to ensure sufficiently skilled workers for building out the fiber optic infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you