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Mid-Minnesota Regional Broadband Discussion

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Blandin Foundation Feb 2018

Published in: Technology
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Mid-Minnesota Regional Broadband Discussion

  1. 1. Broadband in the Mid-Minnesota Region What’s at stake?
  2. 2. Broadband Fun Facts • Faster broadband – Recently reaffirmed by the FCC: • anything less than 25 Mb/3 Mb is not broadband • Mobile cellular is not a substitute for a fixed connection – FCC standard increased 30-fold between 2008 and 2016 – Some ISPs increased speeds 100-fold in same period – Comcast just raised all speed tiers by 50 Mb • Households – Use more than 250 GB of data/month and rising – Have 13 connected devices; 50 devices by 2022 • Computers, phones, fitness devices, home security, medical devices, thermostats, personal assistants, watches, home appliances, cars, farm animals, sensors, tractors,
  3. 3. Digital Divide Index Dark colors are bad!
  4. 4. Winning! Losing!
  5. 5. Broadband Upload Speed Affordability Reliability Mobility Latency Download Speed Assess Your Community’s Broadband
  6. 6. Mid-Minnesota Region
  7. 7. Technology Challenges • All technologies are getting better, but … • Cellular – 5g requires fiber to within 1,000 feet of customer – 4g/3g coverage can be spotty in rural – Beware of ** on “unlimited” data plans • Satellite – Latency/delay affects advanced use – Same ** as cellular • Fixed wireless – Increasingly robust with fiber-fed towers, especially on the prairie – Trees eat wireless!
  8. 8. Federal Broadband Subsidies for Larger Carriers (CAF II) affecting the region www.fcc.gov/repor ts- research/maps/caf- 2-accepted-map/
  9. 9. (ACAM), a federal subsidy for Mid-size Carriers affecting the region www.fcc.gov/reports- research/maps/a-cam- offer-map/
  10. 10. CAF II and ACAM Improvements • FCC subsidies to CenturyLink, Frontier & mid-size carriers • Requires a 25/3Mb, 10 Mb/1 Mb or 4 Mb/1 Mb minimum connection, depending on program • No requirement to serve everyone • Within 3,000 feet > 25 Mb or greater possible • At 10,000 feet = ~ 10 Mb • Copper condition affects carrying capacity over distance
  11. 11. Frontier DSL Speed – Distance Chart Questions: Are extra copper pairs available? What is the quality of the copper lines?
  12. 12. FRONTIER’S LINDSTROM EXCHANGE Red circles = 3,000 foot radius = 25 Mb/3 Mb and higher Blue circles = 9,000 foot radius = between 25 Mb/3 Mb to 10 Mb/1 Mb
  13. 13. FRONTIER’S LINDSTROM EXCHANGE Those within the circles, about 10% of land area, may meet the 2022 state goal of 25 Mb/3Mb; no one would meet the 100 Mb/20 Mb2026 state goal.
  14. 14. CENTURYLINK’S BRAHAM EXCHANGE Red circles = 3,000 foot radius = 25 Mb/3 Mb and higher Blue circles = 9,000 foot radius = between 25 Mb/3 Mb to 10 Mb/1 Mb
  15. 15. CENTURYLINK’S BRAHAM EXCHANGE 3,000 foot radius circles occupy less than 10 percent of the land area
  16. 16. Fiber Infrastructure Investment – a good choice? • Fiber to the Home costs from $4,000 - $12,000 per home to install • Seventy percent of homebuyers will not buy a home without a good broadband connection • A fiber-connected home increases in value by $3,000 to $7,000. • Well-connected residents and businesses save money in many ways, conservatively estimated at $1,500 per year. • Customers switching from satellite/cellular packages to triple play FTTH report savings of $300 - $400 per month!
  17. 17. What else costs about $10,000? A bunch of 10 year-old stuff on Craigslist!
  18. 18. Conclusions • The Mid-Minnesota Region needs better broadband to reach its potential • Subsidies are required to spur private sector investment in rural broadband • The MN Border to Border Broadband Fund is an excellent tool but has no current appropriation • MN Rural Broadband Coalition Day on the Hill is April 12. (www.mnbroadbandcoalition.com)
  19. 19. What’s good enough? Local leadership decides!

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