Vivien Leigh


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Vivien Leigh an actress

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Vivien Leigh

  1. 1. By: Zhunusova
  2. 2. Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (5 November 1913 – 8 July 1967) was a British stage and film actress. Vivien Leigh is best remembered for her Academy Award-winning roles as the American southern belles Scarlett O'Hara and Blanche DuBois. Born Vivian Mary Hartley in the campus of St. Paul's School, Darjeeling in the then Bengal Presidency of British India, she was the only child of Ernest Hartley, an English officer in the Indian Cavalry, and his wife, Gertrude Mary Frances (née Yackjee; 1888–1972), a devout Roman Catholic, believed to be of Irish and Armenian descent. Ernest and Gertrude Hartley were married in 1912 in Kensington, London. In 1917, Ernest Hartley was transferred to Bangalore, while Gertrude and Vivian stayed in Ootacamund. Young Vivian made her first stage appearance at the age of three, reciting "Little Bo Peep" for her mother's amateur theatre group. Gertrude Hartley tried to instill in her daughter an appreciation of literature and introduced her to the works of Hans Christian Andersen, Lewis Carroll and Rudyard Kipling, as well as stories of Greek mythology and Indian folklore. At the age of six, Vivian Hartley was sent to the Convent of the Sacred Heart (now Woldingham School) in Roehampton, south-west London, fromLoreto Convent, Darjeeling, by her mother. One of her friends there
  3. 3. Vivien was proficient in the cello and piano, and took an interest in studying ballet. She also loved languages and Egyptian history. In January 1932 Vivien met Leigh Holman and they married in December of that year. A year later she gave birth to their daughter
  4. 4. The first film Vivien had a small part in was "Things Are Looking Up" (1934), but her one line was cut. During the same year she saw Laurence Olivier in a play and was so star struck that she was convinced one day they would marry. A year later she got the leading role in her first big play "The
  5. 5. Meeting Laurence Oliv Laurence Olivier saw Leigh in The Mask of Virtue, and a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance. Olivier and Leigh began an affair while acting as lovers in Fire Over England (1937), but Olivier was still married to
  6. 6. Olivier had been attempting to broaden his film career. He was not well known in the United States despite his success in Britain, and earlier attempts to introduce him to American audiences had failed. Offered the role of Heathcliff in Samue l Goldwyn's production of Wuthering Heights (1939), he
  7. 7. Around this time Vivien read Margaret Mitchell's timeless novel "Gone With the Wind". She became determined to land the role of Scarlett in the much talked about film. That same year Vivien did a screen test for "Gone With the
  8. 8. Casting to the ―gone with the wind‖
  9. 9. Gone with the Wind brought Leigh immediate attention and fame; but she was quoted as saying, "I'm not a film star – I'm an actress. Being a film star – just a film star – is such a false life, lived for fake values and for publicity. Actresses go on for a long time and there are
  10. 10. The First Night in Atlanta
  11. 11. In February 1940, Jill Esmond agreed to divorce Olivier, and Leigh Holman agreed to divorce Leigh, although they maintained a strong friendship for the rest of Leigh's life. Esmond was granted custody of Tarquin, her son with Olivier. Holman was granted custody of Suzanne, his daughter with Leigh. On 31 August 1940, Olivier and Leigh were married at the San Ysidro Ranch in Santa Barbara, California, in a ceremony attended only by their witnesses, Katharine
  12. 12. In 1937, after acting in "Hamlet" with Olivier, she left her husband and moved to Chelsea with the new love of her life. Vivien's daughter went to live with her grandmother. She was also offered the lead in the film "Waterloo Bridge". Leigh Holman filed for divorce in 1940, the same year that Vivien won Best Actress at the Academy Awards for her phenomenal portrayal of heroine Scarlett O'Hara. "That
  13. 13. During the war Vivien filmed "Caesar & Cleopatra" (1944). While shooting Vivien suffered a miscarriage after a fall. Around this time she began experiencing moodswings and severe health problems, a result of manicdepression and tuberculosis, which damaged her marriage to Olivier.
  14. 14. The year 1947 saw Vivien playing Anna Karenina in the film. While shooting she suffered bouts of depression. Most likely while in one of these depressions she told Olivier she no longer loved
  15. 15. Anna Karenina
  16. 16. Lady Hamilton
  17. 17. In 1960, she and Olivier divorced and Olivier soon married actress Joan Plowright. In his autobiography, Olivier discussed the years of problems they had experienced because of Leigh's illness: "Throughout her possession by that uncannily evil monster, manic depression, with its deadly ever-tightening spirals, she retained her own individual canniness – an ability to disguise her true mental condition from almost all except me, for whom she could
  18. 18. In May 1967, she was rehearsing to appear with Michael Redgrave in Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance when she suffered a recurrence of tuberculosis.[47]Following several weeks of rest, she seemed to recover. On the night of 7 July 1967, Merivale left her as usual, to perform in a play, and returned home around midnight to find her asleep. About thirty minutes later, he returned to the bedroom and discovered her body on the floor. She had been attempting to walk to the bathroom and, as her lungs filled with liquid, collapsed. She was cremated at the Golders
  19. 19. Legacy Leigh was considered one of the most beautiful actresses of her day, and her directors emphasised this in most of her films. When asked if she believed her beauty had been an impediment to being taken seriously as an actress, she said, "People think that if you look
  20. 20. Some interesting Facts 1. When she began working with a talent agent at the beginning of her career, her married name was Vivian Holman. Her agent wanted her to change her name to ―april morn.‖ She inStead choSe vivien (changed spelling) Leigh, after her husband Herbert Leigh Holman. 2. Vivien and her ex-husband Leigh Holman remained close throughout her life. 3. Vivien Leigh was quoted as saying that she never forgave the first critic who gave her a favorable review and called her a ―great actreSS‖ becauSe it put what She deScribed aS ―Such an onuS and Such a reSponSibility onto me, which i Simply waSn’t able to carry.‖ 4. She ultimately won the role of Scarlett over Paulette Goddard, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett, who had been narrowed down for the part. 5. both Scarlett o’hara’S and vivien leigh’S parentS were french and iriSh. 6. in the famouS ―i’ll never be hungry again‖ Scene in Gone With the Wind— the part where Scarlett snarfs down a radish, then vomits—the vomiting noises had to be recorded by Olivia de Havilland. Whether this was because Vivien Leigh could not produce a realistic enough retching sound or refuSed to do it becauSe it waSn’t ladylike remainS a point of diSpute. 7. Vivien Leigh was paid between $25,000 and $30,000 for her role of Scarlett. (Clark Gable was paid $120,000 for his role as Rhett Butler.) 8. Vivien Leigh was 25 when she filmed Gone With the Wind. The actress who
  21. 21. Thank you for Attention!