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Información importante para la salud de las mujeres y las niñas: mutilación genital femenina

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Folleto informativo sobre las consecuencias de la mutilación genital femenina sobre la salud de las mujeres y las niñas y cómo actuar ante ella, en inglés

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Información importante para la salud de las mujeres y las niñas: mutilación genital femenina

  1. 1. Misconceptions about excision / female genital mutilation: 1/ They say FGM is prescribed by religion: Inreality,noreligionimposesFGM. Itoriginatesfromcustomsthatexistedbefore religions.Itisn’tmentionedintheQuran. 2/ They say it’s necessary to ensure the purity and virginity of girls and the fidelity of wives… Inreality,aperson’ssexualconductdepends onhis/herprinciplesandvaluesandhas nothingtodowithhavingapartofhis/her bodycut. 3/ They say FGM makes women more fertile: Onthecontrary;FGMmaycausegenital infectionsthatmakewomeninfertile. Childbirthcanbemorecomplicatedandcause foetaldistress.Itincreasesthelikelihoodof havingaCaesarean. 4/ They say you should respect customs and traditions: Inreality,somecustomsandtraditionsare goodforyourhealth,whileothersarevery dangerousandhavetochangelikefemale genitalmutilation. 5/ They say it’s good for girls: On the contrary; it’s good to protect girls from any damage they might suffer. Avoiding a practice that has harmful, lifelong consequences for the health and well-being of girls and women is a tremendous act of love. for the Health ofWomen and Children IMPORTANT INFORMATION Weworktoensurethewell-beingoffamilies ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC INTEREST C/ Manuel Cortina, 10, bajo dcha. 28010 Madrid Tel.: 91 446 31 62/50 unaf@unaf.org | www.unaf.org www.stopmutilacion.org
  2. 2. Have you heard of the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) or do you know what it is? Female genital mutilation, also known as cutting, excision or circumcision, isapracticethatconsistsoffullyorpartiallycutting the genitals of girls and women, causing lifelong damage to their physicalandmentalhealth. Do you know what health consequences it has? • Deathbytraumaticshock,infectionandhaemorrhaging • RiskofHIVtransmission • Fistulas,kidneycomplicationsandverypainfulmenstruation • Urinaryinfections,painaroundthescar,inflammation • Infertility • Increasedmaternalmortality,foetaldistressandinfantmortality • Anxiety,depression,lowself-esteem,fear,andthefeelingofhaving beenbetrayedbythepeopleyouloveandtrust • Painduringsexualintercourse,andreducedsensitivityandpleasure What can you do if you or another woman you know are affected by female genital mutilation? Ifyou’vesufferedfemalegenitalmutilation,informyourfamily doctor, nurse or midwife, so that they can offer you the support and care you need. Always remember that nobody’s going to judge you; you’ll be treated with respect and provided withalltheinformationandcareyouneed. Ifyouneedsomebodywhospeaksyourlanguagetohelpyou communicate,youcanrequestthis. If you’re concerned about a girl of any age who might be at risk of female genital mutilation... Youcanspeaktoyour: •Familydoctor •Nurse •Midwife •Socialworker •Teacher You can also get in touch with associations and NGOs like UNAF:+3491.446.31.62/50orMédicosdelMundo(Spain)+34 91.315.60.94 Ifyouhaveanemergency,youcancall: 016(hotlineforvictimsofgender-basedviolence) 062(teléfonodeemergenciasdelaGuardiaCivil). Female genital mutilation (excision, cutting…) is a form of violence against womenandaviolationoftheirhumanrights,andtherearelawsthatprohibit thepracticeinmanycountries. SpainhasaLawAgainstGender-BasedViolence,whichprovidesresources andprotectionforwomenandgirls. Youcancall016. FemalegenitalmutilationisalsoprohibitedinSpainandpunishablebylaw: Offenderscanbesentencedto6to12yearsinprisonandlosecustodyover their daughters.The law is equally enforced against persons who are invol- ved in any way by organising or mediating in such practices, and it is also enforcedwhensuchactsareultimatelyperformedoutsideSpain. Lastly,womenandgirlsaffectedbyfemalegenitalmutilationoratriskofthe practice have the right to seek asylum in Spain for gender-related reasons. Youcancall+34915550698(CEAR). Many people have stopped practising FGM around the world Traditions are the customs, beliefs and values of a community that are passeddownfromgenerationtogeneration.Acommunity’straditionscan changeovertheyearsasaresultofitsnewknowledgeandexperiences. At least 5 million men and women from 1,900 communities in over 16 African countries have stopped the traditional practice of female genital mutilation,becausethey’verealisedit’sharmfultothehealthandlivesof women,girlsandtheentirecommunity. Youtoocanhelptostopthepracticeinyourcommunity. Laws What to do...

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