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MEMORIES OF
CHILDHOOD
Zitkala-Sa and Bama
THE MEMORIES OF CHILDHOOD
Autobiographical episodes from
the lives of two women from
marginalized communities.
 ZITKALA-SA
 BAMA
ZITKALA-SA
BAMA
RACIAL
DISCRIMINATION
CASTE
DISCRIMINATION
ZITKALA-SA
 THECUTTINGOF MY HAIR
 REAL NAME: GERTRUDE SIMMONS
BONNIN
 BORNIN 1876,ANAMERICANINDIAN
WOMAN
 HER WORKSCRITICISEDDOGMA, AND
HER LIFE AS A NATIVE AMERICAN
WOMANWAS DEDICATEDAGAINSTTHE
EVILS OF OPPRESSION
BAMA
 A TAMIL DALITWOMANFROM A ROMAN
CATHOLICFAMILY
 MAIN WORKS:
 AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY, ‘KARUKKU’,1992;
 A NOVEL, ‘SANGATI’,1994;
 ’KISUMBUKKAARAN’,1996
Memories of Childhood.pptx
The first part explores the account of Simmons. Simmons was an American Indian who was against social discrimination
towards American Indians. She throws light on her first-day experience at the Carlisle Indian School. Zitkala SA‘s first day at
school is bad and unpleasant. The customs of the place were new and strange to her. Moreover, there was pressure on her to
wear clothes that were not reputable in her culture. She does not understand the rules at the breakfast table. Consequently, she
makes several mistakes. There was a requirement for everyone to pull a chair at the first bell. Zitkala sat down while others were
still standing. Furthermore, everyone had to sit down at the second bell. However, Zitkala kept standing even when the second
bell rang. A feeling of humiliation came in her. When another bell rang, she didn’t do anything because of fear of making a
mistake. She then cried due to these mistakes and humiliation. She was fearful of the woman with a pale face. Her friend Judewi
talked to her about the cutting of her hair. In her culture, captured unskilled warriors had shingled hair and mourners kept
short hair. She hid but was dragged and tied to a chair so as to cut her long hair. There was a crushing of her spirit due to this
act. Moreover, this cruelty made her realize the comfort of her home.

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Memories of Childhood.pptx

  • 2. THE MEMORIES OF CHILDHOOD Autobiographical episodes from the lives of two women from marginalized communities.  ZITKALA-SA  BAMA
  • 4. ZITKALA-SA  THECUTTINGOF MY HAIR  REAL NAME: GERTRUDE SIMMONS BONNIN  BORNIN 1876,ANAMERICANINDIAN WOMAN  HER WORKSCRITICISEDDOGMA, AND HER LIFE AS A NATIVE AMERICAN WOMANWAS DEDICATEDAGAINSTTHE EVILS OF OPPRESSION BAMA  A TAMIL DALITWOMANFROM A ROMAN CATHOLICFAMILY  MAIN WORKS:  AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY, ‘KARUKKU’,1992;  A NOVEL, ‘SANGATI’,1994;  ’KISUMBUKKAARAN’,1996
  • 6. The first part explores the account of Simmons. Simmons was an American Indian who was against social discrimination towards American Indians. She throws light on her first-day experience at the Carlisle Indian School. Zitkala SA‘s first day at school is bad and unpleasant. The customs of the place were new and strange to her. Moreover, there was pressure on her to wear clothes that were not reputable in her culture. She does not understand the rules at the breakfast table. Consequently, she makes several mistakes. There was a requirement for everyone to pull a chair at the first bell. Zitkala sat down while others were still standing. Furthermore, everyone had to sit down at the second bell. However, Zitkala kept standing even when the second bell rang. A feeling of humiliation came in her. When another bell rang, she didn’t do anything because of fear of making a mistake. She then cried due to these mistakes and humiliation. She was fearful of the woman with a pale face. Her friend Judewi talked to her about the cutting of her hair. In her culture, captured unskilled warriors had shingled hair and mourners kept short hair. She hid but was dragged and tied to a chair so as to cut her long hair. There was a crushing of her spirit due to this act. Moreover, this cruelty made her realize the comfort of her home.