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Costa Rica en la década de los 40.

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Resumen del tema Costa Rica en los 40 para los estudiantes de undécimo año del profesor Gustavo Bolaños, del Liceo de Atenas, Alajuela, Costa Rica.

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  • DOWNLOAD THE BOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (New Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THE can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THE is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBOOK .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookBOOK, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, EBOOK, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THE Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THE the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THE Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Costa Rica en la década de los 40.

  1. 1. La década de los 40: Del Estado Liberal al Estado Benefactor.Recopilado por Gustavo Bolaños Ramírez Visite www.socialesenlinea.profesdevanguardia.com
  2. 2. Principales acontecimientos:● Consecuencias de la Depresión del 29.● Reforma Social.● Elecciones del 48.● Guerra Civil.● Junta Fundadora de la II República.
  3. 3. Consecuencias Depresión del 29:● Colapso del modelo liberal● Deterioro condiciones generales de vida● Pauperización zonas urbano marginales y área rural● Aumento del desempleo● Disminución del ingreso de las personas● Desabastecimiento de productos básicos
  4. 4. Centro de Estudios de los Problemas Nacionales:● Fomento de la diversificación productiva.● Desarrollo de la industria.● Aplicación de la tecnocracia.● Incremento de la participación estatal en la economía.● Modernización de la infraestructura.● Fomento del cooperativismo y la pequeña propiedad.
  5. 5. Administración Calderón Guardia:● Arribó al poder con amplio respaldo popular.● Socialcristiano: combinación del liberalismo con un incipiente intervencionismo estatal.● Enfrentó la crisis por la II GM.● Contó con el rechazo de los grupos dominantes.● Fue apoyado por el Partido Comunista y por la Iglesia Católica.
  6. 6. Líderes de la Reforma Social:
  7. 7. Reforma Social:  Universidad de Costa Rica.  Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social. Código de Trabajo. Garantías Sociales.
  8. 8. Otras leyes sociales:● Programa de casas baratas.● Programas de desayuno y de calzado escolar.● Firma de tratado de límites entre Costa Rica y Panamá.
  9. 9. Críticas al gobierno de Calderón:● Cercanía con el comunismo.● Corrupción.● Monopolio de la electricidad.
  10. 10. Elecciones de 1944:● Bloque de la Victoria (Teodoro Picado)  Partido Vanguardia Popular.  Partido Republicano Nacional. Vs.● Partido Demócrata (León Cortés)
  11. 11. Huelga de Brazos Caídos:● Se desarrolla entre julio y agosto de 1947.● Inició como un movimiento de protesta para exigir garantías electorales.● Terminó convirtiéndose en un instrumento político. Es considerada un preludio de la guerra civil.
  12. 12. Elecciones del 48.
  13. 13. Las elecciones del 48:PARTIDO UNIÓN NACIONAL. PARTIDO REPUBLICANO NACIONAL.● Otilio Ulate ● Rafael Á. Calderón G● Coalición de ● Bloque de la partidos: Victoria:  Demócrata (L Cortés)  P. Vanguardia Popular (comunismo)  Social Demócrata (Figueres-CEPN)  Calderonismo● Ganador. ● Perdedor
  14. 14. Acontecimientos posteriores:● Tribunal Electoral declara ganador a Ulate.● Calderón apela el resultado.● Congreso acepta apelación y anula el proceso.● Quema de material electoral en el Colegio de Señoritas.● Figueres y su gente rechazan la decisión del Congreso e inician el combate.
  15. 15. La Guerra del 48.
  16. 16. ¿Dónde se peleó la guerra?
  17. 17. Contrincantes del conflicto: ● Ejército de ● Gobierno. Liberación Nacional.  Apoyado por tropas Formado por Figueres. comunistas. Contó con apoyo de la Legión Caribe y por Francisco Orlich.
  18. 18. Características de la guerra civil:● Abarcó prácticamente todo el territorio nacional.● Los rebeldes tomaron San Isidro del General, Cartago, San Ramón y Limón.● Duró aproximadamente 36 días y costó la vida de un poco más de 200 hombres.
  19. 19. Fin de las hostilidades:● Se logró gracias a la intervención del Cuerpo Diplomático acreditado en Costa Rica.● 19 de marzo: se firmó el PACTO DE LA EMBAJADA DE MÉXICO. MÉXICO● Comunistas: temían finalizar el conflicto porque las Garantías Sociales corrían peligro.
  20. 20. Los pactos firmados en la época:● Pacto Figueres – Ulate.● Pacto de Ochomogo:  Figueres le prometió a Manuel Mora que no iba a eliminar las Garantías Sociales.● Pacto de la Embajada de México:  Picado cedía en forma interina la presidencia a Santos León Herrera.  Los grupos participantes cesarían las agresiones.
  21. 21. Pacto Figueres – Ulate:● Una Junta Provisional controlada por Figueres, gobernaría el país por 18 meses, prorrogables por 6 meses más.● Al final del período, el gobierno sería entregado a Ulate, reconociendo así su triunfo en el 48.● Se convocaría a una Asamblea Nacional Constituyente para que redactara una nueva constitución.
  22. 22. Resumen causas de la Guerra:● Las crisis económicas ● Los reclamos populares. recurrentes. ● Desarrollo de una clase● La declaratoria de de intelectuales que guerra a las potencias proponían hacer mejor del Eje. las cosas.● El calderocomunismo. ● Empuje de un sector● Las acusaciones de empresarial. corrupción y de fraude ● El exilio de Figueres en electoral para Teodoro 1942. Picado y Calderón ● La anulación de las Guardia. elecciones del 48.
  23. 23. Desfile de la Victoria:
  24. 24. La Junta Fundadora de la II República.
  25. 25. Principales Decretos de la Junta:● Nacionalización bancaria y creación del BCCR.● Nacionalización de los recursos naturales.● Impuesto del 10% al capital.● Creación del ICE y del TSE.● Universalización del voto.● Fortalecimiento del CNP.● Abolición del Ejército.● Promulgación de la Constitución de 1949.
  26. 26. La nueva Constitución de 1949:● Ratificó las decisiones anteriores de la Junta.● Fortaleció las Garantías Individuales.● Creación de las Instituciones Autónomas.● Creación de la Contraloría General de la República y del Servicio Civil.
  27. 27. La persecución de los enemigos:● Muchos empleados públicos perdieron sus puestos.● Se intervinieron las propiedades de los calderonistas.● Se crearon los tribunales de Probidad y de Sanciones Inmediatas.● Se proscribió el P. Comunista (hasta 1975).
  28. 28. El “cardonazo”:● Ocurrió el 2 de abril de 1949.● Fue protagonizado por el Secretario de Seguridad de la Junta: Edgar Cardona.● Pretendió dar marcha atrás a las reformas establecidas por Figueres y su gente.
  29. 29. Importancia de la Junta:● Nuevo modelo de Estado: proteccionista, interventor y empresario (principios socialdemócratas).● Modelo de desarrollo empresarial-industrial.● Diversificación productiva.● Estado: promovería el bienestar social, la justa repartición de la riqueza y la participación ciudadana en asuntos públicos.
  30. 30. Cronología Mínima: Rafael Ángel Calderón Reforma Social: CCSS, UCR, Código Trabajo y Garantías Individuales1940-44 Guardia 1940: CEPN (1940-45) 1946: Tribunal Electoral1944-48 Teodoro Picado Michalski 1947: Huelga de Brazos Caídos Marzo 1948: Guerra Civil 1948 Santos León Herrera Gobierno de Transición 1949: Nueva Constitución Política, abolición del Ejército, creación de las Gobierno de la Junta1948-49 Instituciones Autónomas, TSE, Contraloría General de la República Fundadora abril 1949: “Cardonazo” Declara la gratuidad de la educación secundaria1949-53 Otilio Ulate Blanco 1951: nace el PLN
  31. 31. Muchasgracias!

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