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Analyse d'une image de sportif paralympique

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Athanasios (Sakis) Pappous
Université Montpellier I.
JE 2516
Santé Education et Situation de Handicap
http://www.santesih.com

Présentation lors du séminaire méthodologique sur les images des 13 et 14 Novembre 2008 organisé par la Jeune Équipe de Recherche Santé Éducation et Situations de Handicap (JE 2516) à la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Montpellier.

http://www.images-du-handicap.santesih.com

Published in: Education
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Analyse d'une image de sportif paralympique

  1. 1. Sakis (Athanasios) PAPPOUS JE n° 2516 - "Santé, Education et Situations de Handicap" Nous sommes dans un siècle de l'image. Pour le bien comme pour le mal, nous subissons plus que jamais l'action de l'image.  [Gaston Bachelard] Jeudi 13 novembre 2008 - Vendredi 14 novembre 2008
  2. 2. Quels indicateurs pour analyser cette image? Publiée dans Sports illustrated, numéro du 4 octobre 2004 Photographe : Bob Martin Photographie de Xavier Torres, nageur espagnol, catégorie S5, 200 m nage libre, épreuve du 21 septembre 2004
  3. 3. Index des indicateurs <ul><li>Format </li></ul><ul><li>Cadrage </li></ul><ul><li>Angle de prise de vue </li></ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><li>- Règle des tiers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamique de l’image </li></ul><ul><li>- Rythme </li></ul><ul><li>- Equilibre </li></ul><ul><li>- Composition Pictorielle </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cadre <ul><ul><li>Image Horizontale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(calme, distance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image Verticale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(proximité) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Échelle des plans <ul><li>Plan d’ensemble </li></ul><ul><li>(« descriptive » le lecteur perçoit l’action dans son ensemble) </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Moyen </li></ul><ul><li>(narrative, s’approcher à l’action) </li></ul><ul><li>Plan américain </li></ul><ul><li>(narrative) </li></ul><ul><li>Très gros plan </li></ul><ul><li>(« psychologique », dans l’espace intime des personnages). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Angle de prise de vue source: http://pedagogie.ac-montpellier.fr/vie%5Fetab/clemi/ <ul><li>Frontal </li></ul><ul><li>(au même niveau que l’objet photographié </li></ul><ul><li>= objectivité-regard du spectateur) </li></ul><ul><li>En Contre Plongée </li></ul><ul><li>(le spectateur est dominé; donne le sentiment de de noblesse, supériorité,, les personnages se trouvent grandis, puissants...). </li></ul><ul><li>En Plongée </li></ul><ul><li>(le spectateur domine le sujet qui souvent est dévalorisé, des personnages qui paraissent plus ou moins diminués, comme écrasés) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Composition: l’organisation spatiale et temporelle <ul><li>Certaines lignes semblent dominer? </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontales </li></ul><ul><li>Verticales </li></ul>Passé proche Future proche
  8. 8. La règle des tiers <ul><li>« La règle des tiers nous indique que si vous divisez une photo en 3 parties de taille égale horizontalement et verticalement avec des droites, vous obtenez quatre points (points d'or) qui sont les points forts de votre photo . </li></ul><ul><li>En utilisant ces lignes et ces points de forces dans le cadre d’une photographie on obtient des zones « clefs ». </li></ul><ul><li>Source:http://alapause.blogspot.com/2008/02/point-dor-ou-la-rgle-des-tiers.html </li></ul>'Une Baignade, Asnières‘,1884, Seurat, Georges
  9. 9. La règle des tiers dans les images des athlètes qui utilisent des prothèses
  10. 10. La règle des tiers dans les images des athlètes qui utilisent des prothèses
  11. 11. La règle des tiers dans notre image de cas <ul><li>Ni le corps ni les prothèses se situent dans un des points forts de l’image. </li></ul><ul><li>Le plongeoir apparait plutôt comme un point de référence, un point de balance entre la prothèse et le corps. </li></ul><ul><li>Une image assez équilibré. </li></ul>Equilibre
  12. 12. La dynamique de l’image <ul><li>Rythme </li></ul><ul><li>La présence de certains lignes directrices que rendent l’organisation spatiale plus dynamique. </li></ul><ul><li>Des lignes, des forces opposés qui briser un excès d’équilibre </li></ul>
  13. 13. La dynamique de l’image <ul><li>Rythme </li></ul><ul><li>Contraste Pictorielle </li></ul><ul><li>L’autre élément qui brise le harmonie est qui ajoute de la dynamique est la rupture des couleurs. D’un coté on a un bleu très dense, qui de l’autre coté un a un céleste calme. </li></ul><ul><li>Le sujet s’échappe de la lourdeur, la densité du bleu électrique est s’introduit dans une autre dimension plus transparent et légère. </li></ul>
  14. 14. En résumant…
  15. 15. l’organisation spatiale et temporelle <ul><li>On peut finalement se demander si cette image se focalise sur la différence ou si plutôt il s’agit de une photo qui entre dans la normalité d’une image sportive… Peut-être cette image se situe juste au milieu. On pourrait avancer la hypothèse que les athlètes paralympiques se trouvent encore dans une espace liminaire (Arnold van Gennep). </li></ul><ul><li>Ne faisant pas totalement partie ni du monde des handicapés (la partie gauche)…ni du monde de sportifs de haut niveau (représenté dans la partie droite). .. </li></ul>Llkk Liminalité?
  16. 16. JE n° 2516 - &quot;Santé, Education et Situations de Handicap&quot; mais il faut pas oublier que … « Interpréter, c'est appauvrir, diminuer l'image du monde, lui substituer un monde factice de &quot;significations ».   [Susan Sontag]

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