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V.1 Solo e subsolo

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Aula: Solo e subsolo.

Baseado em:
PEREIRA, A. M; WALDHELM, M. Novo passaporte para Ciências. 6o ano. 2a ed. São Paulo: Editora do Brasil, 2009.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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V.1 Solo e subsolo

  1. 1. O solo e o subsolo Unidade 5 Capítulo 1 Aula 1/3  Estrutura da Terra  Deriva continental  Pangeia  Placas tectônicas
  2. 2. O solo e o subsoloEstrutura da Terra• Forma esférica – Achatada nos pólos• Estrutura – Crosta – Manto – NúcleoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  3. 3. O solo e o subsoloEstrutura da Terra• CROSTA TERRESTRE – Camada mais superficial • Crosta continental • Crosta oceânica – 5 a 30 kmCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  4. 4. O solo e o subsoloEstrutura da Terra• MANTO – Camada intermediária – 3 000 km – Sólido • Magma • Lava Litosfera é a camada formada pela junção da crosta terrestre com a camada mais externa do manto.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  5. 5. O solo e o subsoloEstrutura da Terra• NÚCLEO – Parte central da Terra • Ferro e níquel – 4 000 °C – Núcleo externo • Líquido – Núcleo interno • SólidoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  6. 6. O solo e o subsoloDeriva continental Deriva continental é o movimento lento e definido dos continentes, que se afastam.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  7. 7. O solo e o subsoloDeriva continental• Pangeia – Único continente – 200 milhões de anos – Continentes • África • Ásia • Antártida • Oceania • Europa • AméricaCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  8. 8. O solo e o subsoloDeriva continental• A litosfera apresenta falhas e rachaduras. – Placas tectônicas Teoria da tectônica das placas: as placas rochosas estão em constante movimento, e carregam os continentes.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  9. 9. O solo e o subsoloDeriva continental• A litosfera apresenta falhas e rachaduras. – Placas tectônicas – “Tsunamis”Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  10. 10. O solo e o subsolo Unidade 5 Capítulo 1 Aula 2/3  Rochas  Tipos  Características  Formação
  11. 11. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • Há três tipos de rochas – Magmáticas – Sedimentares – Metamórficas Rocha é um agregado sólido de minerais que ocorre naturalmente na litosfera. Minerais são elementos ou substâncias químicas que se formaram em nosso planeta.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  12. 12. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • ROCHAS MAGMÁTICAS ou ÍGNEAS – Solidificação do magma • Extrusivas  formam-se na superfície da crosta • Intrusivas  formam-se no interior da crosta Basalto. Granito. Pedra-pomes.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  13. 13. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • ROCHAS SEDIMENTARES ou ESTRATIFICADAS – Deposição de sedimentos Arenito. Argilito. Calcário.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  14. 14. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • ROCHAS SEDIMENTARES ou ESTRATIFICADAS – Estalactites e Estalagmites • Carbonato de cálcioCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  15. 15. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • ROCHAS SEDIMENTARES ou ESTRATIFICADASCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  16. 16. O solo e o subsoloAs rochas • ROCHAS METAMÓRFICAS – Transformação de rochas pré-existentes Ardósia. Gnaisse. Mármore.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  17. 17. O solo e o subsoloFormação das rochasCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  18. 18. O solo e o subsolo Unidade 5 Capítulo 1 Aula 3/3  Solos  Tipos  Características  Formação
  19. 19. O solo e o subsoloO solo • Camada mais superficial da Crosta terrestre. • Sofre intensas modificações. ─ Intemperismo ─ Seres vivos Solo • Animais e vegetais Subsolo Rocha matriz (camada impermeável)Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  20. 20. O solo e o subsoloO solo • Camada mais superficial da Crosta terrestre. • Sofre intensas modificações. ─ Intemperismo ─ Seres vivos • Animais e vegetais parte mineral + parte orgânica + água + ar = SOLO Intemperismo é o conjunto de todas as modificações que desagregam e decompõem uma rocha na superfície da Terra.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  21. 21. O solo e o subsoloO solo • COMPOSIÇÃO DO SOLO ─ Parte porosa • Água • Ar ─ Parte sólida • Minerais • Matéria orgânica Solo fértil é o solo bom para o cultivo de plantas.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  22. 22. O solo e o subsoloTipos de solo • Classificados de acordo com o tamanho de suas partículas. – Solo arenoso – Solo argiloso – Solo humíferoCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  23. 23. O solo e o subsoloTipos de solo • SOLO ARENOSO – 70% areia – Grãos grandes • Bem arejado • Muito permeável – Solo pobreCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  24. 24. O solo e o subsoloTipos de solo • SOLO ARGILOSO – 30% argila – Grãos pequenos • Retém água • Pouco ar Poros menoresCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  25. 25. O solo e o subsoloTipos de solo • SOLO HUMÍFERO – Terra preta – 10% húmus – Bom para o cultivo • Fofo • Permeável • Nutritivo Húmus é um composto de material orgânico.Ciências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale
  26. 26. O solo e o subsoloTipos de solo • O tipo de solo depende da rocha-matriz (mãe). – Arenito Areia – Basalto Terra roxa – Quartzo MassapêCiências – 6º ano Ens. Fundamental 2º Bimestre Profa. Rebeca Vale

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