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Interoperable mapping of health information during pandemic and inter-pandemic periods - OGC Technical Conference, Austin, TX, March 2012

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  1. 1. Interoperable Mapping ofHealth Information during pandemic andinter-pandemic periodsEddie Oldfield – March 20th, 2012Presentation at the OGC TC, to the OGC ESSDWGAppointed Member, Resilient Communities Working GroupNational Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (Canada)Director www.nbhub.org at www.nb.lung.caSenior Advisor www.questcanada.orgTel: 506-453-0887, Email eoldfield@questcanada.org
  2. 2. Lung Disease General Statistics 6 million Canadians with lung disease $15b annual cost to Canadians 3 million cope with Asthma (especially children) Lung cancer in women has tripled since 1977 First Nations, Inuit and Metis people disproportionately affected Poor air quality affects the health of all Canadians- leading cause of emergency room visits, hospitalization and deathMigrating populations and foreign hot-spots are not considered in the analysis of threats to respiratory health (e.g. Tuberculosis)
  3. 3. *SARS - Lessons LearnedThe National Advisory Committee on SARS and Public Health identifiedmany systemic deficiencies in responding to SARS in Canada. Amongthese were:1. absence of protocols for sharing information,2. poor coordination among health authorities at national, provincial, local levels,3. delays in identification of unknown virus,4. poor understanding of disease etiology and transmission vectors.
  4. 4. *Spatial Disease Epidemiology* Baseline Influenza vs Pandemic Indicators (influenza sub-types)* Transmissibility / Vectors / Spread electron microscope image of the Avian Flu Virus* Prevalence / Progression / Morbidity* Vulnerable Populations From Micro* Access to Health Care To Macro* Vaccine Distribution* Capacity / Demand Surge 1918* Affected Health Care Workers* Social Impacts / Critical Infrastructure
  5. 5. * Public Health Policy and Decision Making Research Provincial Policy Public awareness Prevention Health care Partnerships (Legislation, Behaviour Change, (Detection/Diagnosis Primary care, Regional Exposure Reduction, Risk Community Support, Emergency Communication) Preparedness) Health outcomes National &International Surveillance, Monitoring Determinants of Health
  6. 6. Maps Can Help Us Make the Links Heat Stress Air Quality Syndromic Surveillance Hospitalization Costs Public Health Resources Health Indicators
  7. 7. What What What How will health specifichealth data this benefit indicators end- will be decision- will be products available? making? available? will result?
  8. 8. Data Integration From Data to Maps Data LicensesData PrivacyData ModelsData TrendsData Access
  9. 9. *Mapping Methods Hierarchy in Web Feature Service* Cell distribution * Frequency, cumulative, Normative distribution methods * Four geolayers: Province, Health Region, County, Dissemination Area
  10. 10. *Mapping Methods Hierarchy in Web Feature Service*Contourdistribution *Inverse Distance Weighting method *One geolayer: Province/State; with 4 boundary overlays (Health Region, County, *Mapping Methods Metropolitan, and DAUID levels)
  11. 11. Time series automation with time-tag in WMS
  12. 12. Quick Web Map Viewer (to consume WMS, WFS, WPS) Operations Center / Remote Participants Time series automation with time-tag in WMS
  13. 13. *
  14. 14. NBLA Web Mapping Portal OGC compliant web-mapping application provides access tocredible, closest to source, health, population, and environmental indicators in support of decision-making
  15. 15. *
  16. 16. * Real Time collaboration…
  17. 17. *These Sample Maps Are Health Maps from PreviousGeospatial Projects (2003-2008)
  18. 18. *NB Lung’s Flu Clinic Locator enables a public user to search for the nearest flu clinic in their Forward Sortation Area (first three alphanumeric characters in the 6-digit postal code). *
  19. 19. *The map will refresh on the FSA location chosen, with points indicating the location of nearby clinics. *
  20. 20. *1. User Needs Identification Key innovations: 1. Health Web Mapping Architecture (Ontology,2. Cross-Border Data Assessment – Spatial and Temporal data driven); Dictionary 2. HXML (for Health data mapping, data exchange);3. Database Design: Relational, 3. PPGIS in health planning and emergency Hierarchical, Temporal (triggers / management; procedures) 4. Web & Mobile viewers (ability to invoke OWS,4. Statistical Design: Historical submit location based environmental or health data, retrieve maps and feature data), export Prevalence of Influenza; Pandemic results, etc. Simulation; other surveillance data5. WMS, WFS, WPS Design Specifications6. Client Interface Design7. Development + Implementation8. Pandemic Exercise (using distributed WMS, WFS, WPS; to produce maps for mobile, easy and advanced map viewers on the web)9. Evaluation
  21. 21. *We consumed services in the CGDI:*Web Map Services*Gazetteer / Coverage Services*Lookup services for Postal Code, Watershed, NTS Mapsheet*Spatial Reference System Dictionaries*CGDI Resource Registry Service*Event Notification Services*(Styled Layer Descriptor)
  22. 22. We Implemented OWS architecture for Health Mapping:• WMS (with time tag), WFS (hierarchical model), WPS (web process services), SLD…• Health XML (HXML) data model schema, enabling any health authority to publish into Web Map Services or National Atlas• Health Mapping relational data schema, Hierarchical schema (for Maine, New Brunswick, all of Canada), Statistical DB automation and visualization for health or environmental data• Application integration and mashup (consumed OWS, tools/features, availability through browsers, web and mobile)• Custom map viewer and features which enabled users to submit query parameters for WPS – interact with the map – find and classify data – add points of interest, and export results.• Custom map viewer for wrapping processes in dynamic interface that could be deployed on any website or desktop• Publication of maps and features in CARIS Spatial Fusion and ESRI ArcGIS Server (FLEX and .net)• Custom map viewer (Quick Map) for pandemic exercise• Collaboration Forum including web map exchange (permissions based)• Pandemic simulation (moderate style, 550,000 records, 12 weeks)• 1,600 map layers published in CGDI• Configuration and Administration modules, to publish or consume WMS/WFS, manage user/content permissions• Use authentication handled in the application (though we envisioned DRM at service level), and services provisioned behind firewall, to high-speed fiber network
  23. 23. ViewEnvironmental Health Information AddEnvironmental Health Information
  24. 24. *Introducing Your Profile* New User Registration • Edit your profile• Map Views are assigned to your Profile
  25. 25. Your *Map Views Copy, Create,Select Map View Delete Map ViewsTurn Map Layers on / off, view layer card
  26. 26. Your *Map ViewsChoose Selection Layer
  27. 27. * One of our Community Outreach Programs, Asthma Camps, is designed to assist children with chronic asthma, their guardians,healthcare providers, peers and the general public to recognize, assist and respond to the many issues surrounding this debilitating disease. *
  28. 28. * When the spatial distributionof Asthma Camp participants’ origins overlays the spatial distribution of Asthma hospitalization outcomes, our program directors, project funders, healthcare plannersand providers are readily able to determine significant historical gaps and futureopportunities for the Program. *
  29. 29. Beta WMS,EnvironmentCanada
  30. 30. Theme User requirements survey for National Portal, Health Canada Climate change impacts on public health (e.g. heat Events and Conferences1 6 events, air quality, extreme (e.g. calendar, weather, vector borne and announcements) transmissible diseases) Features & Functions Environmental links Links to Peer Reviewed2 Information (e.g. 7 research articles or weather, climate, journals pollution, humidity) Population health trends search and query tools links (e.g. wellness indicators, Links to data sources and (e.g. by topic, author,3 Population 8 Database models 1 location, source, content/ 6 Contact, Social Media, RSS Health trends respiratory illness in population, spatial keywords) distribution of diseases) access to experts, navigation and toolbar Best Practices: Public 2 (e.g. zoom, print or export, 7 community-of-practice links Links to research or upload/download, profile) Experts members, help tools4 Best Health Adaptation; 9 practices education programs Emergency Management, offered in Canada visualization tools (e.g. upload and download Medicine, Urban Planning 3 images, graphs, charts, 8 capabilities maps) Highlights and Featured5 Vulnerable Populations 10 collaboration tools (e.g. wiki, export (e.g. data, Vulnerable Highlights publications populations Features 4 discussion forums, working 9 publications, visuals) groups, for registered users) other research tools (e.g. alerting / published research methods, 5 templates or frameworks, 10 subscription session save/retrieval, ‘favouriting’ entries, digital archival, research timeline / group calendar, citing, data services / analytics)
  31. 31. ** Framework data – GeoBase, NTS, Public Health Agency of Canada (Map and Data Exchange)* Licensed data from NB Department of Health, Canadian Institute for Health Information, Public Health Agency of Canada* New Brunswick Lung Association Map Layers (community outreach programs)* Heat event public health alerting – 2011 pilot in 4 cities (including Fredericton) – expanding in 2012, Health Canada* Humidity, Temperature, Precipitation, Air Quality Data: Meteorological Service Canada (e.g. via WMS – Beta phase)* Regional Downscale Climate Scenarios for Atlantic Canada – (e.g. future WMS & WCS) Weather (WXXM, GRIB, DBF)* Air Quality Health Index – Ozone reporting / Health Index* Atlantic Region Air Monitoring Sites: http://atlantic-web1.ns.ec.gc.ca/airmons/index_e.cfm (no longer available)* National Air Pollutant Survey (NAPS) – Environment Canada, published in CEC Atlas* National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI) – Environment Canada, published in CEC Atlas* MODIS – NASA: http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/dataprod/index.php* Canada: Geogratis: http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/download/EO_Data/MODIS/ / http://geogratis.cgdi.gc.ca/download/* Service New Brunswick – building the NB Shared Data Infrastructure (http://geonb.snb.ca/geonb/ viewer)* NB Department of Environment: monitoring stations, flood & watershed data, water quality, EIAs* Flood Modeling – useful for health outcomes related to molds / mosquito populations / West Nile* Forestry Service – species distribution, health, and disease* Statistics Canada – many health indicator data sets* Sea Level Rise – Environment Canada
  32. 32. **Ambient Particulate Matter .5, 2.5, 10 * New Brunswick Lung Association conducts studies in partnership with health authorities to determine exposure to ozone, PM, and other air pollutants * monitoring real time exposures & emissions of Particulate Matter* Fleet & Traffic-related pollution* Residential and Commercial radon concentrations* Airborne Fungal Concentrations in Public Schools* Sulfur dioxide concentration from petroleum processing plants* Extreme Weather Data / Forecasts* Forest Fires / Smog Alerts* Geographic and temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons* Pest / Insect Infestations* Rabies
  33. 33. *
  34. 34. Our custom Map ViewerInterface enabled the user tocombine:1. Web Processing Services2. Web Feature Services3. Web Mapping Servicesinto a multilayer seamless viewexportable to the user’sdesktop workstation. *
  35. 35. The User defines whichcombination of values toobtain for geometry,respiratory disease,gender, age, admissionyears, statistical methods,classification methods,legend range, etc. *
  36. 36. When satisfied with thevalue settings, the Usersubmits a call to the WebProcessing Service to obtainthese values from theOracle server and,simultaneously, a call to theWeb Feature Service toobtain the spatialgeometry. *
  37. 37. Call being made by ourcustom MapInterface toour Geoserver via theWeb Feature Service(WFS) GetCapabilitiesoperation. *
  38. 38. When the Web FeatureService (WFS)GetCapabilities operationreturns the spatialgeometry, the WebProcessing Service mapsthe cell values obtainedfrom our Oracle server tothe spatial geometry. *
  39. 39. User is then able to exportthe map view to theirdesktop for further analysis,or import the view into aweb page. The exported mapview has the same GISfunctionalities as the originalMap Viewer Interface (Pan,Zoom, Layer toggle, etc). *
  40. 40. Through the Web ProcessingService, the User also hasthe ability to verify thestatistical quality of the cellvalues being mapped to thespatial geometry. *
  41. 41. Users can select Population Distribution by Health Regionparameters forstatistical queryingand map visualization
  42. 42. *Phone: 1-506-453-0887*Email: eoldfield@bellaliant.net

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