Enumerate different types of lossesWhat are physical responses?
1960sPioneers in death and dying theory, such as Kubler-Ross and Glassner and Strauss, produced works that stimulated the health care industry to research topics about death and dying.1980sGrief therapy was introduced when Benoliel and Martocchio added new insights into the needs and care of the dying patient.
1.Somatic Distress (Comes in waves and lasts 20-60 minutes) Tightness of the throat Choking Shortness of breath Sighing Empty feeling in the stomach Loss of strength Tension2.Pre-occupation with the deceased Hallucinations (Actually see the deceased or sense presence) Sense of unreality3.Guilt4.Hostility 5. Changes in patterns of conduct Restlessness Aimlessness Loss of concentration6. Identification with the deceased Assume traits of the deceased Show signs of last illness of deceased
Classic photo album
Transcendence: Life Phase Eight/Zero When the life span is done, it is time to return to where the idea came from ... back to the realm of potential and endless possibilities. The life force that gathered nutrients and materials disperses. Decay and rot set in to release everything from the bounds of order. Energy and matter separate to begin the dance again. <br />
AT LIFE’S END….<br />Psychological Perspective of Death, Dying & Grief<br />
WHAT IS GRIEF?<br />It’s a reaction to loss<br />Conventionally focused on the emotional response to loss, it also has physical, cognitive, behavioral, social, and philosophical dimensions<br />
Types of Grief <br />PROLONGED<br />NORMAL <br />
DEATH CAN INVOLVE FEARS THAT ARE PHYSICAL, SOCIAL, AND EMOTIONAL<br /><ul><li>PHYSICAL - Helplessness, dependence, loss of physical faculties, mutilation, pain
SOCIAL - Separation from family, leaving behind unfinished business
EMOTIONAL - Being unprepared for death and what happens after death</li></li></ul><li>Concepts & Theories<br />Of Grieving Process<br />
DR. ELIZABETH KUBLER-ROSS<br />Swiss psychiatrist did landmark work with the terminally ill patient in the 1960's which resulted in the establishment of a "cycle" that she found each patient went through upon learning of their imminent death. <br />*Landmark work entitled On Death and Dying<br />*Identified five emotional stages experienced by dying individuals<br />
FIVE EMOTIONAL STAGES(learning IMMINENT DEATH)<br />Denial - or “no not me”<br />Anger - or “why me?”<br />Bargaining - or “Yes, but. . .”<br />Depression - or “It’s me!”<br />Acceptance - or “It’s part of life. <br />I have to get my life in order.”<br />
FIVE EMOTIONAL phases(learning DEATH OF A LOVED ONE)<br />SHOCK<br />2. DENIAL<br />3. ANGER<br />4. MOURNING<br />5. RECOVERY<br />
DR. ERIC LINDEMANN<br />German-American psychiatrist did landmark work in the area of understanding grief<br />*Carried out the first study of normal grief.<br />*Identified six stages of grieving<br />
six stages of grieving<br />1. Somatic Distress<br />2. Pre-occupation with the deceased <br />3. Guilt <br />4. Hostility <br />5. Changes in patterns of conduct <br />6. Identification with the deceased <br />