Trabajo Tecnologías - Energy

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Trabajo Tecnologías - Energy

  1. 1. EnergyBy Jose Miguel Herrera and Jorge Salguero
  2. 2. W h a t Is E n e r g y ?E n e r g y is t h e c a p a c it yt h a t a n o b je c t o r bodyha s to tra ns fo rm a s ourc e of e ne rg y in t o w o r k .T h e e n e r g y is m e a s o u r e d in
  3. 3. Ty p e s o f E n e r g yK in e t ic E n e r g y : T h e e n e r g y t h a t O b je c t s h a v e w h e n t h e y m o v e .P o t e n t ia l e n e r g y : T h e e n e r g y t h a t o b je c t s h a v e w h e n t h e ir e q u ilib r iu m P o in t is m o v e d .
  4. 4. Ty p e s o f E n e r g y ( II)E le c t r ic a l E n e r g y : It s t h e e n e r g y O f a n E le c t r ic C u r r e n tE le c t r o m a g n e t ic E n e r g y : T h e e n e r g y o f e le c t r o m a g n e t ic w a ve s
  5. 5. Ty p e s O f E n e r g y ( III)Sound Energy: The sound waves which are transmitted through vibrationsChemical Energy: the energy asociated with Substances or atoms.
  6. 6. Ty p e s O f E n e r g y ( IV )Nuclear energy: Its contained in the nuclei of atoms.Its the vibration of particles in matter.
  7. 7. E ne rg y S ourc e sE n e r g y S o u r c e s Is T h e R e s o urc e w he re w e g e t the d if f e r e n t t y p e s o f e n e r g y. T h e r e a r e r e n e w a b le a n d n o n - r e n e w a b le . B o t h w ill b e e x p la in e d in t h e f o llo w in g s lid e s .
  8. 8. N o n -R e n e w a b le E n e r g y S ourc e sT h e y a r e t y p e s o f e n e r g y w h ic h w ill e n d , s o o n e r o r la t e r . T h e y w e r e fo r m e d M a n y ye a r s a g o , the y a re fo u nd d e e p u n d e r g r o u n d a n d n e e d s p e c ia l m a c h in e r y t o b e e x t r a c t e d . T h e y a r e e x p la in e d In t h e n e x t S lid e s .
  9. 9. N u c le a r E n e r g yIt is s t o r e d in t h e n u c le i o f a to msIt is r e le a s e d b y m a k in g t h e a to m s c r a s h e a c h o th e r b y: N u c le a r F u s s io n : 2 lig h t n u c le i f o r a b ig g e r n u c le u s N u c le a r F is s io n : O n e B ig n u c le u s is s p lit in t o 2
  10. 10. C oalIt w a s f o r m e d 3 0 0 M illio n y e a r s A g o , b y t h e r e m a in s o f p la n t s a n d a n im a ls . It s e x t r a c t e d in 2 w a ys : O p e n -C a s t M in e s : W h e n t h e c o a l is fo u nd ne a r the s u rfa c e U n d e r g r o u n d M in e s : W h e n t h e c o a l is f o u n d d e e p u n d e r g r o u n d .
  11. 11. P e t r o le u mIt w a s f o r m e d b y t h e t r a n s f o r m a t io n o f t h e o r g a n ic r e m a in s o f t h e e a r t h , b y t h e b a c t e r ia . It h a s lo w e r d e n s it y tha n w a te r ha s .It is e x t r a c t e d b y o il r ig s , t h e y u s e w e lls t o f in d t h e p e t r o le u m a n d b y p u m p s o r n a t u r a l f o r c e it g e t s p u s h e d u p t o t h e s u r f a c e . T h e n it g e t s
  12. 12. N a tura l G a sIt s a m ix t u r e o f g a s e s f o r m e d b y t h e d e c o m p o s it io n o f p la n t s a n d a n im a ls . It s f o u n d in u n d e r g r o u n d g a s f ie ld s , u s u a lly y o u f in d p e t r o le u m n e a r it .It s e x t r a c t e d b y d r illin g .It s t r a n s p o r t e d b y t r a n s f o r m in g it in t o liq u id a n d m o v in g it t h r o u g h g a s
  13. 13. R e n e w a b le e n e r g y S ourc e s N o w W e W ill e x p la in s e v e r a l t y p e s o f r e n e w a b le e n e r g y s o u r c e s . A r e n e w a b le e n e r g y s o u r c e is a s o u r c e w h ic he n e r g y w o n t ru n o u t, th e r e a r e u n lim it e d R e s o u r c e s f o r it .
  14. 14. H y d r a u licT h e h y d r a u lic e n e r g y is t h e t y p eo f S o urc e tha t p ro d uc e s e ne rg y f r o m t h e w a t e r. It c a n b e f o u n d in H y d r o e le c t r ic d a m s . T h is e n e r g y is c h e a p , c le a n a n d it is n o t p o llu t e d , b u t b u ild in g t h e d a m s is v e r y e x p e n s iv e , a n d in c a s e o f b r e a k a g e , t h e r e is a h u g e r is k o f c a t a s t r o p h e .
  15. 15. S o la r T h e s o la r e n e r g y is t h e s o u r c eo f e n e r g y t h a t u s e s t h e S u n lig h t t o p r o d u c e it . T h e M a c h in e t h a th e lp s u s o b t a in & Tr a n s f o r m t h e s o la r e n e r g y A r e t h e s o la rp a n e ls . T h is e n e r g y is c le a n a n d u n lim it e d , b u t it s q u it e e x p e n s iv e .
  16. 16. W in d T h is e n e r g y h a s b e e n a lw a y su s e d f o r m o v in g t h in g s , s u c h a s s h ip s , B la d e s . . .T h e m a c h in e w e u s e t o p r o d u c e t h is e n e r g y a r e W in d Tu r b in e s . T h is t y p e o f e n e r g y is Ve r y C h e a p , A n d u n lim it e d .
  17. 17. M a r in e Th e r e a r e 3 typ e s :Tid a l: E x t r a c t e d F r o m t h e Tid e sW a v e : O b t a in e d f r o m t h e w a v e sO c e a n t h e r m a l: G o t t e n f r o m t h e d if f e r e n c e o f t e m p e r a t u r e o f the s u rfa c e a nd b o tto m o f the sea.
  18. 18. G e o the rma l T h is e n e r g y c o m e s f r o m t h e h e a t s t o r e d b e lo w t h e e a r t h ,s u c h a s g e y s e r s a n d v o lc a n o s .D e p e n d in g o n t h e t e m p e r a t u r e , w e c a n produc e he a t or e le c t r ic it y
  19. 19. B io m a s s It is p r o d u c e d f r o m o r g a n ic m a t t e r w a s t e a n d a n d p la n tr e m a i n s . I t i s u s e d i n 2 w a y s : To p r o d u c e e le c t r ic it y a n d t o p r o d u c e f u e ls , t h e s e a r e :c h a r c o a l, b io g a s , b io d ie s e l a n d a lc o h o l.
  20. 20. M u n ic ip a l S o lid W a s t e ( M .S .W) T h is is t h e w a s t e t h a t w e p r o d u c e in o u r h o m e s ,d e m o lit io n o f b u ild in g s , e t c . T h isis is w h a t g o e s t o t h e L a n d f ie ld . E le c t r ic a l a n d T h e r m a l e n e r g y is p r o d u c e d t h r o u g h t h e in c in e r a t io n o f t h e s e w a s t e s .
  21. 21. Ty p e s o f p o w e r S t a t io n s In t h e f o llo w in g s lid e s w e w ill e x p la in t h e t y p e s o f p o w e r S t a t io n s t h a t o p e r a t e a llo v e rt h e w o r ld t h e s e d a y s . A P o w e r s t a t io n is u s u a lly a b u ild in g w h ic h it s o n ly o b je c t iv e is t o p r o d u c e e n e r g y.
  22. 22. N u c le a r p o w e r p la n t A n u c le a r p o w e r p la n t is t h ep la c e w h e r e t h e n u c le a r e n e r g y is e x t r a c t e d . In it , t h e h e a ts o u r c e is O n e o r m o r e c h e m ic a lre a c to rs . The he a t p ro d u c e d b y t h e m is t h e m m o v e d t o a B o ile r w h ic h r o t a t e s a g e n e r a t o r t o p r o d u c e e le c t r ic c u r r e n t .
  23. 23. It w o r k s a s f o llo w s :
  24. 24. O il r ig A n o il r ig is t h e p la c e w h e r e o il g e t s e x t r a c t e d . It is u s u a lly in t h e s e a . It w o r k s w it h a d r ill w h ic h is m in e d d e e pu n d e r g r o u n d , n e a r t h e o il. W h e n it r e a c h e s t h e o il, t h e d r ill is p u lle d u p a n d t h e o il r is e s b yp r e s s u r e , o r b y a c t io n o f p u m p s
  25. 25. H o w d o e s it w o r k ?
  26. 26. N a tura l g a s P o w e r P la n tIt is e x t r a c t e d t h e s a m e w a y a s p e t r o le u m , in f a c t , w h e n y o u lo o k f o r p e t r o le u m , y o u u s u a llyf in d n a t u r a l g a s o v e r it . A d r ill is m in e d u n d e r g r o u n d u n t il it re a c he s na tu ra l g a s , the n b y p re s s u re o r the fo rc e o f a p u m p , T h e g a s p u lls u p .
  27. 27. H o w d o e s it w o r k ?
  28. 28. H y d r a u lic p o w e r p la n t A n h y d r a u lic p o w e r p la n t is u s u a lly p la c e d in r iv e r s , it s ab ig w a ll b y w h ic h w a t e r p a s s e sthro u g ht c o nd u c ts a nd mo ve s a g e ne ra to r to p ro d u c e e le c t r ic it y.
  29. 29. H o w d o e s it w o r k ?
  30. 30. S o la r p o w e r p la n tA s o la r p o w e r p la n t is t h e p la c e w h e r e s o la r p a n e ls a r e g r o u p e d t o p r o d u c e e n e r g y. T h e y h a v e p h o t o v o lt a ic c e llsw h ic h c a t c h t h e s u n e n e r g y a n d t r a n s f o r m it in t o h e a t o r e le c t r ic it y.
  31. 31. H o w b ig is it ?
  32. 32. E o lic p o w e r p la n tA n e o lic p o w e r p la n t is a g r o u po f w in d t u r b in e s w h ic h p r o d u c ee n e r g y f r o m t h e w in d . T h e y A r e u s u a lly o n W in d y p la c e s lik e Va lle y s . T h e w in d m o v e s t h e b la d e s o f t h e t u r b in e w h ic h r o ta te a g e n e r a to r.
  33. 33. H o w d o e s it w o r k ?
  34. 34. C o a l M in e . A c o a l m in e is t h e p la c e w h e r ec o a l is e x t r a c t e d . A s e x p la in e d b e f o r e , it c a n b e b u r ie d u nd e rg ro u nd o r a t the s u rfa c eo f t h e e a r t h . S p e c ia l m a c h in e r yis u s e d t o e x t r a c t t h is m a t e r ia l.
  35. 35. H o w D o e s it w o r k ?
  36. 36. G e o the rma l P o w e r s t a t io nT h is is t h e p la c e w h e r e t h e h e a tf r o m e a r t h s c r u s t is s t o r e d a n d t r a n s f o r m e d in t o e le c t r ic it y, o r k e p t in h e a t f o r m .
  37. 37. H o w d o e s it w o r k ?
  38. 38. M u n ic ip a l S o lid W a s t e P la n t T h is is t h e p la c e w h e r e o u r D a ily Tr a s h is in c in e r a t e d t o p r o d u c e e le c t r ic a l o r e it h e r t h e r m a l e n e r g y. T h e in c in e r a t io n t e m p e r a t u r e ss h o u ld a lw a y s b e o v e r 9 0 0 º C a n d F ilt e r s w o u ld b e u s e d t o p r e v e n t t h e r e le a s e o f t o x ic s u b s ta nc e s to the a tmo p s p he re .
  39. 39. T h is is H o w it w o r k s :
  40. 40. W in d Tu r b in e c r e a t e s W a t e r F r o m T h in A ir – O u r O p p in io n . W h e n w e f ir s t r e a d e d it , itlo o k e d lik e s o m e t h in g b y w h ic h y o u t h in k : H o w C o m e t h is c a n b e d o n e ? B u t a s w e s c r o lle d d o w n w e n o t ic e d t h a t t h e p r o c e d u r e is a c t u a lly q u it e e a s y. J u s t p ic k a ir , e x t r a c t t h e h u m id it y, c o o l it d o w n a n d y o u g o t w a t e r . S im p le a s t h a t . ↓
  41. 41. g e t s o m e o n e n ic e t o d o n a t e t h e 5 0 0 k € i t c o s t s a n d Yo u g o t w a t e r f o r l i k e 3 -4 a f r i c a n v illa g e s . W e t h in k t h a t if y o u ma de a NG O (Non- G u b e r n a m e n t a l o r g a n is a t io n ) y o u c o u ld q u ic k ly g e t s o m e o f t h e s e in s t a lle d in a f r ic a . F o r lik e 2 0 € p e r f a m ily a n d m o n t h ,5 0 0 m e m b e r s , y o u g e t 10 0 0 0 € p e r m o n th , yo u c a n g e t th em o n e y f o r o n e in lik e 2 . 5 y e a r s . E a s y. T h e t h in g t h a t r e a lly im p r e s s e d u s is t h a t it c a n p r o d u c e 10 0 0 l o f w a t e r a d a y .

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