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Architectural Heritage - Value and Preservation paper - التراث المعماري - القيمة والحفاظ
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Architectural Heritage - Value and Preservation paper - التراث المعماري - القيمة والحفاظ

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Architectural Heritage - Value and Preservation paper - التراث المعماري - القيمة والحفاظ

Architectural Heritage - Value and Preservation paper - التراث المعماري - القيمة والحفاظ


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  • 1. ‫نستعين‬ ‫وبه‬ ‫الرحيم‬ ‫الرحمن‬ ‫اهلل‬ ‫بسم‬ ‫دبي‬ ‫بلدية‬-‫المتحدة‬ ‫العربية‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اإلما‬ ‫دولة‬ ‫دبي‬ ‫مهرجان‬ ‫خالل‬ ‫الثقافية‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫المحاض‬8991 ‫عن‬ ‫ة‬‫محاضر‬ ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬-‫الحفاظ‬‫و‬ ‫القيمة‬ ‫تقديم‬ ‫د‬.‫م‬.‫محجوب‬ ‫محرم‬ ‫عثمان‬ ‫ياسر‬ ‫المعمارية‬ ‫الهندسة‬ ‫قسم‬-‫الهندسة‬ ‫كلية‬ ‫العر‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اإلما‬ ‫جامعة‬‫المتحدة‬ ‫بية‬
  • 2. 2 ‫مقدمة‬ "‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫الم‬ ‫اط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫مط‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ام‬‫و‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ي‬ ‫اما‬‫و‬ ‫ابا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫السب‬‫و‬ ‫مبث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫العيط‬ ‫ى‬ ‫بخ‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬".1 ‫بخ‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫يوط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫وط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫حط‬ ‫مظ‬ ‫أحي‬ ‫من‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ط‬ ‫بع‬.‫بئا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أثط‬ ‫با‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬‫م‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ح‬‫غبط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫غبط‬ ‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫وط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫البوي‬ ‫ه‬‫ط‬ ‫ع‬"‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬"‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫مث‬ ‫ه‬ ‫مث‬ ‫البومبا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫ءا‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫البومبا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫خممه‬ ‫س‬ ‫شآ‬ ‫وم‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫من‬ ‫البوي‬. ‫أحمب‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ابما‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ح‬ ‫اش‬‫ى‬ ‫معه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫الم‬ ‫لبب‬ ‫األس‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اخ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫مة‬ ‫امس‬‫و‬ ‫القبما‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظا‬ ‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬. ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫قيمة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫بم‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ابما‬ ‫مث‬: 8.‫اقتصادية‬ ‫قيمة‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ ‫الوا‬ ‫لك‬ ‫اا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مط‬ ‫لمي‬ ‫بط‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫حو‬ ‫مام‬ ‫األ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ث‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ ‫طص‬ ‫ب‬ ‫الس‬‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اإلب‬ ‫اسا‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫مون‬ ‫ه‬‫ط‬‫ممب‬ ‫قوي‬ ‫م‬ ‫ان‬‫و‬ ‫طص‬ ‫معه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ع‬ ‫با‬ ‫و‬.‫ل‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ئه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ق‬ ‫و‬ ‫ام‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫أن‬ ‫بث‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ثم‬ ‫وق‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اما‬ ‫القبما‬‫و‬ ‫ئه‬ ‫ق‬ ‫قبقا‬ ‫و‬ ‫به‬ ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الوا‬ ‫من‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ابم‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ول‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫مق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ون‬ ‫م‬ ‫لب‬ ‫وي‬ ‫ى‬. 2.‫ثقافية‬ ‫قيمة‬ ‫الشعوب‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫بخبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫بمث‬ ‫هو‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اما‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ابم‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫با‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫القبما‬ ‫وق‬ ‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫الم‬ ‫بن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الي‬ ‫وثبق‬ ‫له‬ ‫خ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬.‫القمبما‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫لي‬ ‫المع‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ 1 -‫م‬.‫وم‬ ‫احبي‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬.‫احبي‬‫ط‬ ‫ي‬"‫العط‬ ‫المشطق‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫عم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بخ‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ظوط‬ ‫الم‬"‫اس‬‫ط‬‫الم‬ ‫مط‬ ‫ابط‬‫ط‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬‫و‬ ‫با‬ ‫ب‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ال‬7891.‫ص‬.3
  • 3. 3 ‫بسع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وحى‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫حط‬ ‫مظ‬ ‫أحي‬ ‫من‬ ‫مبثا‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ه‬‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بن‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫الس‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ه‬ ‫حم‬ ‫مش‬. ‫السياحة‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫مخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ققه‬ ‫لم‬ ‫ا‬ ‫المو‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لمبا‬ ‫الع‬ ‫الي‬ ‫أحي‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫السب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫وب‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫مي‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬.‫يط‬ ‫أحي‬ ‫من‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫يط‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫و‬ ‫الع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ال‬‫اء‬‫و‬‫الس‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫با‬ ‫الم‬ ‫و‬ ‫لمبا‬. ‫لي‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫م‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫اوي‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ق‬‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫او‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫اوي‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ق‬‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ال‬"‫ء‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬"‫اوي‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ق‬‫ب‬ ‫ان‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫الم‬ ‫اك‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬"‫ء‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬" ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ك‬ ‫من‬ ‫شأ‬ ‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬.2 ‫ئ‬ ‫الس‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫المم‬ ‫من‬ ‫و‬"‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫خمي‬ ‫المس‬"‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫طب‬ ‫ولبم‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬‫بخبا‬‫ط‬ ‫و‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ع‬ ‫س‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬‫و‬.‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫شط‬ ‫م‬ ‫أثبط‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫خماي‬ ‫مس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫يط‬ ‫من‬ ‫يط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ ‫السب‬ ‫ب‬ ‫بع‬ ‫مس‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫عممة‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫غب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ‬ ‫خماي‬ ‫امس‬ ‫سوء‬ ‫غ‬ ‫امس‬.‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫خمامه‬ ‫اس‬ ‫بقا‬‫ط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫غ‬‫ط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ئ‬ ‫الس‬ ‫با‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫عطف‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بم‬ ‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫و‬‫اث‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫من‬ ‫يه‬ ‫خ‬ ‫بس‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫بمط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬. ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫عف‬ ‫ممى‬ ‫أظهط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫الممم‬ ‫طوب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫العمبم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ال‬ ‫القطن‬ ‫خ‬ ‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫شهم‬ ‫مبثا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫طوب‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫األس‬ ‫ممبط‬ ‫اوة‬ ‫ي‬ ‫أم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬.‫من‬ ‫العمبم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫خ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫العم‬ ‫أحمبا‬ ‫بمطك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫مأ‬ ‫با‬ ‫الث‬ ‫لمبا‬ ‫الع‬ ‫طب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أث‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬.‫من‬ ‫بعبا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اطث‬‫و‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أثبط‬ ‫و‬ ‫بع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫من‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أثبط‬ ‫من‬ ‫غي‬‫لط‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫أثبط‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫مح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬. ‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫العمبم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫اخ‬‫و‬ ‫بع‬‫ط‬‫الس‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫وط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لبب‬ ‫أس‬ ‫بط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ولو‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أثط‬ ‫لك‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫با‬ ‫الي‬‫و‬ ‫ما‬ ‫الع‬ ‫المشطو‬‫و‬ ‫طق‬ ‫ل‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ح‬ ‫س‬ ‫إل‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬‫األث‬ ‫ق‬ ‫الم‬‫و‬.‫حم‬ ‫وس‬ ‫أ‬ ‫مم‬ ‫ه‬ ‫المب‬‫و‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بئ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الي‬‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫ش‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫أثب‬ ‫ثط‬. -2 Prentice, Richard, "Tourism and Heritage Attractions", Routledge, London and New Yourk, 1993. p. 202
  • 4. 4 ‫وث‬ ‫الم‬ ‫اء‬‫و‬‫اله‬ ‫شط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫المي‬ ‫مماخن‬ ‫شط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫السب‬ ‫مي‬ ‫من‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وث‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إل‬ ‫مع‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ؤثط‬ ‫ال‬. ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫مستويات‬ ‫ه‬ ‫أحمب‬‫و‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ع‬‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وب‬ ‫مس‬ ‫عمم‬.‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬ ‫بم‬ ‫و‬: 7-‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫يط‬ ‫الع‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫الق‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ف‬ ‫الم‬ ‫خ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫مة‬ ‫حو‬ ‫و‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫و‬ ‫ئه‬ ‫ق‬ ‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫وب‬ ‫أس‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫مع‬ ‫و‬ ‫طمبمه‬ ‫عم‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬‫األث‬ ‫يط‬ ‫الع‬. 2-‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫مبم‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫طمبي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫مث‬‫لى‬ ‫ه‬ ‫وب‬ ‫و‬ ‫با‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ف‬ ‫م‬. 3-‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫و‬ ‫الم‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ ‫وم‬ ‫و‬ ‫لا‬ ‫مة‬ ‫و‬ ‫أحمبا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫القبما‬ ‫ظهط‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ ‫به‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬. 4-‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ممط‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫الم‬ ‫من‬ ‫مو‬ ‫م‬ ‫وم‬ ‫و‬ ‫لا‬‫بن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مث‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بق‬‫ط‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ممط‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ى‬‫أخط‬‫و‬ ‫قا‬ ‫م‬. 5-‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫قا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫بشم‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫قا‬ ‫م‬ ‫وم‬ ‫و‬ ‫لا‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫المم‬ ‫و‬ ‫الم‬ ‫لك‬. 6-‫بم‬ ‫اإلا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫و‬ ‫المولا‬ ‫أو‬ ‫بي‬ ‫اإلا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫مس‬ ‫ى‬ ‫له‬ ‫ب‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬‫أخط‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫مم‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ق‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫قا‬ ‫الس‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وب‬ ‫مس‬. 1-‫المول‬ ‫وى‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬:‫مث‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫ج‬ ‫م‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫البو‬ ‫مث‬ ‫لمبا‬ ‫الع‬ ‫الهبئ‬ ‫به‬ ‫طك‬ ‫ش‬ ‫م‬ ‫مة‬ ‫و‬ ‫ما‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫وط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬. ‫ا‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫أساليب‬‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫لت‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫بط‬ ‫او‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫اب‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اع‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫المو‬ ‫اى‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ظ‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫ان‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫مه‬ ‫لي‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ع‬‫الم‬ ‫اى‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫اب‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫اطمة‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫الم‬ ‫اما‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫الو‬ ‫اى‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ابس‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ل‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫قا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫با‬ ‫األي‬.3 ‫لبا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لبب‬ ‫األس‬ ‫من‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أو‬ ‫األثط‬ ‫لا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬‫و‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لبب‬ ‫أس‬ ‫ف‬ ‫خ‬: 3 -‫ي‬ ‫بغو‬‫ط‬‫وم‬.‫ف‬.‫امى‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مى‬"‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ااع‬‫و‬‫الم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬"‫امشعب‬ ‫لص‬ ‫خ‬ ‫وط‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ط‬‫ا‬ ‫يب‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬‫ا‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ما‬ ‫وي‬ ‫الع‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫و‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫با‬‫العط‬ ‫ظما‬ ‫الم‬-‫س‬ ‫و‬7881.‫ص‬323
  • 5. 5 8.‫البناء‬ ‫إعادة‬REbuild/REproduce ‫به‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مث‬ ‫ى‬ ‫القمبما‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مة‬ ‫وب‬ ‫األس‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫الم‬. 2.‫الترميم‬REstore ‫الم‬ ‫به‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مث‬ ‫لى‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الم‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫الق‬ ‫طمبي‬. 3.‫التجديد‬REnovate/REinstate ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫مبثا‬ ‫ام‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫عم‬ ‫اس‬ ‫مبم‬ ‫ال‬ ‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬‫وا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ل‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬‫ط‬‫ا‬ ‫لا‬ ‫لى‬ ‫األثط‬ ‫ويب‬ ‫ولا‬ ‫ئه‬ ‫ش‬. 4.‫اإلحياء‬REvitalization ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫من‬ ‫به‬ ‫م‬ ‫لى‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫قا‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ب‬ ‫حو‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫من‬ ‫ومة‬ ‫مو‬. 5.‫االرتقاء‬REctify ‫سبن‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫مب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫قا‬ ‫لم‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ق‬‫امط‬‫لي‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ش‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫إ‬ ‫وى‬ ‫مس‬ ‫مبث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫العيط‬ ‫م‬ ‫مع‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫من‬ ‫مة‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ن‬. 6.‫االستخدام‬ ‫إعادة‬REuse ‫مبمة‬ ‫بقا‬‫ط‬ ‫خمامه‬ ‫اس‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ه‬ ‫أ‬ ‫من‬ ‫شئ‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الغطض‬ ‫س‬ ‫ى‬ ‫الم‬ ‫خماي‬ ‫اس‬ ‫من‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬. ‫ي‬‫المعمار‬ ‫اث‬‫ر‬‫الت‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫إشكالية‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أحمبا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫مبع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫من‬ ‫غي‬‫لط‬‫م‬‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫أن‬ ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫وبط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ها‬ ‫ا‬‫و‬‫م‬ ‫عسط‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬.‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫با‬ ‫م‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ومق‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لمشطو‬ ‫با‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫با‬ ‫م‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ل‬ ‫با‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫اما‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬‫بي‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ن‬ ‫اإلس‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫وبط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مشطو‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مشطو‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫ى‬ ‫وبط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مشطو‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ه‬ ‫أ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫الي‬ ‫أو‬.‫مح‬ ‫و‬ ‫مع‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ام‬‫ط‬ ‫أ‬ ‫معبشا‬ ‫وى‬ ‫مس‬ ‫ع‬ ‫امط‬‫و‬ ‫قمي‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ئق‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫عض‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ط‬ ‫بع‬.
  • 6. 6 ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ‫امح‬ ‫ط‬ ‫بع‬‫ال‬ ‫سبما‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ء‬ ‫األخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫العيوط‬ ‫من‬ ‫ثبط‬ ‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اط‬.‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ج‬ ‫مم‬ ‫حو‬ ‫ماا‬ ‫الي‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ي‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بم‬ ‫الو‬ ‫ب‬ ‫لس‬ ‫يط‬ ‫المع‬ ‫ااع‬‫و‬‫ال‬ ‫األيب‬ ‫الم‬. ‫اى‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫احم‬‫و‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ش‬ ‫اط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫الم‬ ‫احط‬‫و‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ظ‬‫ال‬ ‫مة‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫اع‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫امخ‬ ‫لبا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ش‬ ‫مام‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫الم‬.‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ث‬‫مب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ظ‬‫ال‬ ‫اى‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫بم‬‫بع‬‫ط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫اط‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬‫غ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ام‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ام‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ه‬‫ب‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫س‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ح‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ابن‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫امث‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫اا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬‫الهو‬ ‫او‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ط‬ ‫ان‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫م‬‫ط‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ب‬ ‫ولو‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫مع‬.4 ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫يبن‬ ‫المخ‬ ‫بط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫الق‬ ‫من‬ ‫ف‬ ‫الس‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ط‬ ‫وم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بن‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ب‬ ‫امخ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫مش‬ ‫قى‬ ‫و‬ ‫وب‬ ‫المس‬.‫يا‬ ‫خ‬ ‫بخبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ون‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أن‬ ‫إم‬‫أو‬ ‫يمبمبه‬ ‫أو‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫معم‬ ‫أحمبا‬ ‫و‬ ‫أو‬ ‫حمف‬ ‫م‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بي‬ ‫م‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ثبط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫بو‬ ‫م‬ ‫طما‬ ‫م‬ ‫أو‬ ‫يا‬ ‫خ‬ ‫با‬ ‫ما‬ ‫قبق‬.‫اط‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫وط‬ ‫لبا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ببط‬ ‫المع‬ ‫ن‬ ‫لك‬ ‫و‬5 .‫أو‬ ‫بخب‬‫ط‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لي‬ ‫لمع‬ ‫ة‬ ‫مب‬ ‫م‬ ‫غبط‬ ‫ي‬ ‫و‬ ‫من‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مع‬ ‫غبط‬ ‫ة‬ ‫مب‬ ‫م‬ ‫لي‬ ‫مع‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬‫ه‬ ‫أحمب‬ ‫قم‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫آخط‬ ‫يط‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬. ‫م‬‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أخ‬ ‫مث‬ ‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ممبط‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬‫ب‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أخ‬ ‫مث‬ ‫م‬ ‫ومث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫س‬ ‫م‬ ‫الغبط‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬. 7)‫من‬ ‫القمبما‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وب‬ ‫أس‬ ‫عبش‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ومة‬ ‫با‬ ‫م‬ ‫عض‬ ‫ال‬ ‫يوط‬ ‫ئعا‬ ‫الش‬ ‫ء‬ ‫األخ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫مم‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫خ‬‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬. 2)‫مبمة‬ ‫طب‬ ‫خ‬ ‫من‬ ‫شوبهه‬ ‫و‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫يط‬ ‫الع‬ ‫خماي‬ ‫اس‬ ‫ماثا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫عم‬ ‫م‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أس‬ ‫سب‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫س‬ ‫المقب‬ ‫غببط‬ ‫م‬. 3)‫اسا‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫مون‬ ‫عمب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ط‬ ‫مبث‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫با‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ة‬‫ط‬ ‫العم‬ ‫من‬ ‫اثبا‬‫ط‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬. 4 - Isar, Yudhishthir Raj, Ed., "Why Preserve the Past? The Challenge to Our Cultural Heritage", Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C. and UNESCO, Paris, 1986. p. 11 5 - Erder, Cevat, "Our Architectural Heritage: from consciousness to conservation", UNESCO, Paris, 1986. p. 15
  • 7. 1 ‫الخالصة‬ ‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اي‬‫ى‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ق‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫حما‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ا‬ ‫من‬ ‫با‬ ‫س‬ ‫بخبا‬‫ط‬ ‫مسئولبا‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ق‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ء‬ ‫أ‬ ‫اح‬‫ط‬‫ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫الم‬ ‫لي‬ ‫مع‬.‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫بخبا‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫مبا‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س‬ ‫اإل‬ ‫ى‬ ‫و‬ ‫أن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ق‬ ‫المس‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ‬ ‫اه‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫الم‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ب‬ ‫س‬ ‫و‬ ‫ق‬ ‫المس‬‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ال‬‫و‬.‫ومع‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ ‫ل‬ ‫الثق‬ ‫ق‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اط‬‫ط‬‫م‬ ‫اس‬‫خ‬ ‫من‬ ‫با‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الهوبا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫اي‬ ‫لمبا‬ ‫الع‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬‫ى‬‫سب‬ ‫أس‬ ‫حم‬ ‫ا‬‫ط‬‫العم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬. *********
  • 8. 9 ‫األشكال‬ ‫العمرانى‬ ‫التراث‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫مستويات‬ ‫تراثية‬ ‫عناصر‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫مبنى‬ ‫المبانى‬ ‫من‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫تراثى‬ ‫ممر‬ ‫تراثية‬ ‫منطقة‬ ‫االقليمى‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫الدولى‬ ‫المستوى‬ ‫اي‬‫ط‬ ‫ش‬(7)‫ي‬‫ط‬ ‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫وب‬ ‫مس‬
  • 9. 8 ‫تراثية‬ ‫عناصر‬ ‫واحد‬ ‫مبنى‬ ‫المبانى‬ ‫من‬ ‫مجموعة‬ ‫تراثى‬ ‫ممر‬ ‫تراثية‬ ‫منطقة‬ ‫العمرانى‬ ‫التراث‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحفاظ‬ ‫اساليب‬ ‫الترميم‬ ‫البناء‬ ‫اعادة‬ ‫التجديد‬ ‫االحياء‬ ‫االرتقاء‬ ‫االستخدام‬ ‫اعادة‬ ‫اي‬‫ط‬ ‫ش‬(2)‫المعم‬ ‫اث‬‫ط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ظ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫لبب‬ ‫أس‬‫ي‬‫ط‬