07 anastilosis
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07 anastilosis

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07 anastilosis 07 anastilosis Presentation Transcript

  • http://loslugarestienenmemoria.blogspot.com.es/2011/07/que-es-la-anastilosis.html A modo de puzZle, los especialistas (arqueólogos, historiadores, arquitectos…), estudian como debió ser el bien y comienzan la reconstrucción reutilizando sus propios materiales y procurando que éstos ocupen el mismo lugar que ocupaban y desempeñen la misma función para la que fueron creados. Las partes que no pueden ser reconstruidas con los propios materiales del bien a restaurar o reconstruir, pueden ser sustituidas o suplidas por rellenos de otro tipo, siempre que éstos sean perfectamente diferenciables de los originales.
  • La aplicación de técnicas de reconstrucción en el patrimonio histórico (principalmente en el arqueológico y arquitectónico), son censuradas en la actualidad por la mayoría de las Legislaciones de Patrimonio del mundo. La única técnica de reconstrucción aceptada es la anastilosis, técnica que conlleva serios riesgos si no es aplicada con rigurosos estudios por parte de los especialistas, pero por muy riguroso que sea el estudio, cualquier mínimo error de interpretación sobre el monumento puede derivar en la “invención” del mismo, provocando equívocos irreparables en la historia, en el arte, e incluso pudiendo llegar a crearse “falsos históricos”.
  • https://riunet.upv.es/bitstream/handle/10251/28161/02.pdf?sequence=4
  • http://ipce.mcu.es/pdfs/1964_Carta_Venecia.pdf
  • ‘B’ ‘D’‘E’‘A’
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E7JR2t6e9Qk&feature=player_embedded
  • Ross Schaubert Hansen
  • BEFORE: The western end of the Acropolis in 1834, before the beginning of excavation and restoration work around the Propylaia and the Athena Nike Temple. AFTER: The entrance to the Acropolis in 1836, after the first excavations, demolition of Medieval and Turkish fortifications around the Propylaia and the reconstruction of the Temple of Athena Nike (right). The tall 14th century Frankish Tower (right) built by Nerio I Acciaioli, the Florentine Duke of Athens, was still standing, but Heinrich Schliemann financed its demolition in 1874. Title-page vignettes from Ross, Schaubert, Hansen, Der Tempel der Nike Apteros, 1839
  • http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/ross1839/0001/image?sid=520d8fdc4f2e92e4420d62ea4f152d56
  • Nicolas Balanos (1860 - 1942)
  • But during this period and in the following decades the most serious concerns are the drastic change of the Acropolis surrounding due to the transformation of Athens to a contemporary metropolis. These events affected directly the monuments and their appearance due to the unfortunate choice of methods and materials. A well known example is the use of iron clamps during the Balanos restoration. These problems which led to an accelerated dramatic aggravation of the monuments condition force the Greek State to undertake anew, in 1975, large scale conservation and restoration works on the Acropolis. http://www.lsa.umich.edu/UMICH/modgreek/Home/Window%20to%20Greek%20Culture/Lectures%20at%20U-M/LaUM_Mallouchou_restorationacropolis.pdf
  • http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0002/000284/028496sb.pdf
  • http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0002/000284/028496sb.pdf
  • Students of Hill School on the Acropolis, 1860, Filippos Margaritis