Language Comparison Presentation Korean Language compared to English Tom Mazzolla ESL 502
Language Comparison Presentation Similarities Korean and English both use phonetic alphabets (although different) There are some cognates as English wordshave been introduced into Korean (computer,radio, etc.), usually technology related words Bottom line: Not many similarities
Language Comparison Presentation Differences • Korean uses Subject-Object-Verb order • English uses Subject-Verb-Object • Korean verb information such as tense, mood, social relationship is added to thetense of the verb at the end of the sentence • English uses auxiliary verbs extensively to convey this verb information
Language Comparison Presentation Differences• Korean does not have definite word order, instead uses post-positions to indicate parts of speech • Korean plural indicators are optional• Korean does not use definite articles such as “a” and “an” verses “the”
Language Comparison Presentation Differences• Korean usage of the English prepositions showing physical location “at, to, of, in, on,” is different. • Frequently in Korean the same postposition is used to indicate one of these English words.
Language Comparison Presentation Case Study: Mrs. Chong Writing sample: “They lost son two war make.” Meaning in English: “They lost two sons in the war.”Here Mrs. Chong used the word “make” to mean it was caused by the war.
Language Comparison Presentation Case Study: Mrs. Chong Writing sample: “They lost son two war make.” Due to the differences in Korean and English, the plural marker ‘-s’ is frequently dropped when Koreans speak English.Since word order is not important in Korean (except verb must come last) the modifier ‘two’ is written after the noun ‘son’
Language Comparison Presentation Case Study: Mrs. Chong Writing sample: “They went at movie theater.” Due to the differences in Korean and English, the specific article ‘the’ is omitted. Also, Korean usage of the English prepositions is difficult since they do not match up with the Korean postpositions indicating the same information
Language Comparison Presentation Instructional Implications •Being aware of the key differences between Korean (L1) and English (L2), the TESL professional can be aware of common errors that will occur •Lesson plans individually tailored for your Korean ESL student •Errors can be addressed with the knowledgethat it is L1 negative interference, only a matterof insufficient knowledge, misunderstanding, or a simple mistake
Language Comparison Presentation Resources:http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/05/18/the-beauty-of-typography-writing-systems-and-calligraphy-of-the-world/