Psych 110


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Psych 110

  1. 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  2. 2. A video clip of a person suffering from GAD
  3. 3. History of the disorder • Anxiety was first recognized as a medical diagnostic entity in 1800s (Gavin 2). • In the early 1900s, Sigmund Freud gave the term "anxiety neurosis" to anxiety and described it as a mental disesase. • GAD itself was identified as a diagnostic entity in 1980s with the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Third Edition (Gavin 3).
  4. 4. What are some signs and symptoms of General Anxiety Disorder (GAD) ?
  5. 5. Signs of GAD People with GAD can’t seem to get rid of their concerns, even though they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants They can’t relax, startle easily, and have difficulty concentrating. Often they have trouble f alling asleep or staying asleep.
  6. 6. Symptoms of the disorder Trouble falling asleep or staying asleep (NIMH 1). Feeling out of breath (NIMH 1). Difficulty concentrating (NIMH 1).
  7. 7. Symptoms of the disorder Having to go to bathromm frequently (NIMH 1). F atigues, headaches, muscle tension and aches, sweating, nausea, difficulty swallowing, trembling, hot flashes and lightheadnesses (NIMH 1).
  8. 8. Prevalance of GAD
  9. 9. Prevalance of GAD Gad affects 3.1% of American adults, ages 18 and older, in one given year (NIMH 1). 6 .8 million of American adults (NIMH 1) T he average age is 31 years old (NIMH 1).
  10. 10. Causes of GAD Several parts of the brain are involved in fear and anxiety (NIMH 1).‑we‑fund/core‑funding‑ areas/genetics Stress and environmental factors play a role (NIMH 1). h ttp://‑and‑the‑environm ent/ Runs in the family (NIMH 1)
  11. 11. Diagnosis of GAD Diagnosed when a person worries excessively about a variety of everyday problems for at least six months (NIMH1). Doctor can see the patient many times before they find out that the patient has GAD (NIMH 1). Talk to your doctor about your symptoms. He/she should do an exam to determine that it is not a physical problem causing the symptom (NIMH 1).
  12. 12. Treatments of GAD Psychotherapy Medication • Cognitive behavior is very helpful (NIMH 1). • Anti‑anxiety and anti‑depressants (NIMH 1). • It teaches a person different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations that help him or her feel less anxious and worried (NIMH 1). • Anti‑anxiety are very powerful, work right away and should not be taken for long periods (NIMH 1). • Anti‑depressants may take several weeks to start working (NIMH 1). • May cause side effects (NIMH 1).
  13. 13. Prognosis of GAD N eeds at least one year of treatment to prevent its repititevness (McPherson1). I f left untreated, the average length of time is 20 years (McPherson 1).
  14. 14. Prognosis of GAD Chronic (McPherson 1)
  15. 15. Work cited page