• Save
Mega Event Mobility Management And Public Transport - Stefano Manelli - 2010
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Mega Event Mobility Management And Public Transport - Stefano Manelli - 2010

on

  • 1,037 views

Mega Events are world events with increasingly sophisticated worldwide competition. Mega events such as the Olympics reach an outstanding planning and management complexity. Last 10 years of ...

Mega Events are world events with increasingly sophisticated worldwide competition. Mega events such as the Olympics reach an outstanding planning and management complexity. Last 10 years of experience show tremendous progresses made by Host Cities in advanced more sustainable mobility management. In particular the fantastic development of very robust public transport schemes is now a key of success of Mega Events organization.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,037
Views on SlideShare
1,024
Embed Views
13

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

2 Embeds 13

http://www.linkedin.com 8
https://www.linkedin.com 5

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Mega Event Mobility Management And Public Transport - Stefano Manelli - 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1Mobility solutions mobility solutions Because we don’t inherit the Earth from our fathers, We borrow it from our children Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 2. 2 Mobility Management and Public Transport for Mega EventsMobility solutions Eng. Stefano Manelli Transport Engineer EPFL - CEO Citec Italy UEFA Euro 2012 Public Transport and Airports Manager IUAV TTS – 7th International Transport Conference Big Events and Transport September 29th, 2010 Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 3. 3 Introduction Mega events: catalysts for sustainable transport innovations • Critical role of transport logistics and mobility management in the success delivery of most broadcasted world sports events • Only high performance public transport systems can cope with very heavy mega event traffic loadsMobility solutions • Mega events are catalysts for innovative high capacity public transport developments targeted to a fixed opening deadline! Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 4. 4 Summary Presentation is organized according to following structure: 1. Types of mega events and general organization 2. Olympic transport 3. Football transport (UEFA Euro, FIFA World Cup…)Mobility solutions 4. Last 10 years of mega event transport planning Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 5. 5 Types of mega events and general organizationMobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 6. 6 What is a mega event? « Mega events imply major temporary and sometimes permanent changes in City transport logistics, traffic organization and command. » • A league football match in Wembley 90’000 seats well public transport served stadium, is not a “mega” event. • The departure of Tour de France from London is a mega event (traffic hadMobility solutions to be almost cut in half, needing a specific temporary transport plan to be implemented) Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 7. 7 What is a mega event? • Is a temporary event of considerable size and amplitude lasting from 2- 3 days to 2-3 weeks for Football Tournaments or Olympics, to 6 months for a World Exposition like Shanghai 2010 • Exerts strong pressures on City logistics such as transport, airports, power, accommodations, security, global hospitality, City image, etc… • Is subject to intense premium world media coverage. Mega EventMobility solutions Cities become world Cities (Barcelona 1992 Olympics…) • Has the outstanding advantage of imperative deadline for on-time delivery of all infrastructures, systems and Mega Event overlays (Opening Ceremony or Kick-off cannot be postponed by 15 seconds!) Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 8. 8 Types of mega events: similarities and differences • Summer Olympics are like 28 world championships simultaneously in the same host City. • For the Winter Olympics 7 championships in two sites: one base Host City and a mountain resort. • These are quite different than Football Tournaments having one sport only in a network of 8-10 Cities also very complex in terms of transportMobility solutions organization. • Consequently the most critical organisational parameters such as accommodation and transport, particularly air transport, have little operational resemblance. Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 9. Types of mega events: similarities and differences 9 Football Winter Olympics Summer Olympics Exhibitions Tournaments Over thousands 80 Countries 200 Countries 24 National Teams exposers 2500 athletes 10000 athletesEvent size 10000 medias 10-20 millions 10000 Medias 20000 medias 1-2 million spectators participants 1-2 million spectators 4-8 millions spectatorsEvent Multi-venue Multi-venue Mono-venue Mono-venuestructure Multi-city Mono-city Multi-city Mono-city Indoor and outdoor Indoor and outdoor Football stadium x10Venues Exposition hall Ceremonies Ceremonies Fan zones Metropolitan transport Mountain road system Extremely Generally isolated, but system with denseTransport with generally reasonably considerable near to a metropolitan road and high capacityMobility solutionsstructure low capacities and few differences between area with dense public public transport public transport Host Cities transport network network Pre-determined Short term pre-Ticketing Pre-determined ticketing Pre-determined ticketing structure only determined ticketingstructure structure ticketing structure for group matches structure Winter climate and Favourable climate Favourable climate Could last for very relevant distance between Cities usually less Cities usually less long periods, withOthers city and mountain venues congested during congested during relative low daily summer period summer period demandSource: Manelli Stefano, 2008 Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 10. Types of mega events: similarities and differences 10Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 11. Types of mega events: similarities and differences 11 • For Summer Olympics: solid multimodal mobility concept (temporary) with strong urban scale measures! • For Winter Olympics: often smaller scale cities with strong need for public transport enhancement + strong temporary and fully public transport link to mountain areas, with important climate and road capacity constraints (and often poor public transport: rail?)Mobility solutions • For Football events such as UEFA Euro or FIFA World Cup: one- event-day (3 to 5 days in total in each City) special transport operations for match day with strong pressure on medium-long distance transport infrastructure (air, rail, motorways). All mega events have extremely high requirements in terms of client levels of service, greatest difference with normal event! Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 12. Mega event organization 12 • Mega event owner • Mega event organizer • Mega event product (Olympic Games, Euro football, World cup…) • The product is the outcome of a complex organization designed to optimize expectations and minimize risks • Among many mega event organizational domains, 15-20 essential logisticalMobility solutions domains are shown such as competition venues, transport, accommodation, security, media, marketing, communication, etc… Transport interacts with almost all other areas, contributing to define and assure client’s required levels of service. Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 13. 13Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 14. Mega event organizational structure 14 Previous graph is a simplified illustration of mega event global organization presenting 18 generic domains of three general categories: • Mega event governance (6) • Public sector involvement (7) • Mega event support functions (5)Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 15. Mega event governance 15 • Clear understanding of the mega event owner to mega event organizer relationship and partnership • Host City selection is a most crucial decision of the mega event owner (box 2) • Bidding’s main aim is the ratification of the Host City Contract specifying key Olympic Games deliverables and financial guarantees (box 2)Mobility solutions • The monitoring (Coordination Commission) is the IOC body following- up Games preparation progress and deciding on contingency measures (box 5) Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 16. Mega event governance 16 Mega event governance starts with a solid bidding process (mostly a risk assessment). Bidding is very sophisticated mainly to insure that: • the best proposal, supported by a robust technical dossier compatible with Event owner expectations, is selected • all political levels State/City are fully committed and integrated in Mega Event effective preparation and delivery.Mobility solutions • there is a strong public opinion supporting mega event and social development legacies directly deriving from mega event Bidding process requires a strong technical effort for the bidders to come up with a solid and credible bid dossier! Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 17. Public sector involvement 17 Mega event organizers cannot deliver « any » mega event product without strong multi-level public support • General governmental support (visas, labour regulations…) • Airport and City transport • Security and Safety at all scales • Sport and training venue developments • Non competition venue developments such as Olympic Village, IBC/MPC,Mobility solutions Media Village etc. • Health, medical • Environmental protection and sustainability Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 18. Transport interactions with other functions 18Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 19. 19 Olympic TransportMobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 20. 20Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 21. Olympic key numbers 21 Summer Olympics Games = largest World mega sport event = biggest transport challenge • Very high traffic demands reaching 1,25 to 2,0 million additional person trips per day to be added to the Host City background ordinary traffic • 4 to 8 million ticketed spectators in a multi-million population metropolis during 16 daysMobility solutions • About 150’000 logistic and service workforce, staff and volunteers to be transported every day Mega events constantly grow in size and complexity with consequent much higher pressure on transport system! Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 22. 22Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 23. 23Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 24. Transport challenges 24 Five outstanding challenges: • Managing considerable additional traffic loads related to three superimposed transport plans • Providing high security seamless operations both for Olympic traffic and general trafficMobility solutions • Maintaining close to normal metropolitan transport and traffic conditions at Games Time • Respecting or even improving environmental quality • Promoting more sustainable mobility legacy Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 25. Main client groups priorities 25 Athletes Highest ponctuality and security Media 24 hours a day service (medias from 200 countries) Olympic Family On-demand transport / High security Spectators Mass transport with workforce and volunteers Crowd managementMobility solutions General users Transport « almost » as usual Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 26. 26Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 27. 27Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 28. Superimposed transport systems 28 Three main mega event specific transport systems are temporarly superimposed on the existing system: 1. Temporary dedicated priority system for Olympic Family and logistics accredited traffic 2. Temporary re-inforced public transport system with bold temporary capacity increases to cope with extraordinary strongMobility solutions added travel demands 3. Temporary chartered transport system for specific clients Equivalent to 26-28 simultaneos world championships, with strong interrelations. Event postponements call for extreme flexibility in transport planning. Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 29. Superimposed transport systems 29Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 30. Olympic transport budgets 30 Olympic Summer Games organizer’s operational transport budget: • 150 to 200 million USD transport operations or about 5% of total Games operating budget Outside OCOG transport budget: Games are catalysts for speed-up of planned transport infrastructure developments and/or rehabilitationMobility solutions • 2 to 15 billion USD metropolitan transport Games accelerated infrastructure developments, justified for long term metropolitan transport build-up Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 31. 31 Football TransportMobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 32. Football world success 32 • Football most popular world sport • Multitude of football tournaments, championships, cups at all levels: regional, national, continental (UEFA) and world (FIFA) • With Summer Olympics, FIFA World Cup is the largest most broadcasted world event with >4,5 billion viewersMobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 33. What makes the difference? 33 UEFA Euro or FIFA World Cup matches are different from league matches for many reasons. In particular: • A very significant share of guests, officials, VIP, sponsor related, fans and spectators are foreign (international!) instead of domestic attendance • Much higher air and ground transport, accommodation, security andMobility solutions Host City hospitality requirements • World media coverage with extremely high logistical quality requirements Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 34. Transport under pressure 34 World or continental football tournaments create very strong but short duration transport and traffic peaks at each of the four critical levels: 1. International air travel to access Host country at various stages of the Tournament 2. National air and ground transport logistics between Host CitiesMobility solutions 3. Host Cities internal higly peaked demands on transport and accommodation systems 4. Last kilometre stadium and fan zone accessibility and security management Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 35. Last minute challenges 35 Tournament « knock-out » phase presents outstanding challenges: • According to results of knock-out matches, a Host City will know only 3- 4 days in advance which National Team will play in the stadium • Ticketing structure has a very strong impact on transport operations, especially for tickets sold to national FAsMobility solutions • Accommodation for fans is also another critical element. It is mandatory to be able to absorb a maximum of spectators and fans to reduce transport pressure This calls for massive mobilization of existing and strongly re-enforced public transport capacities and often requires temporary very strong traffic and parking restrictions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 36. Key logistical challenges 36 • A FIFA or UEFA validated stadium with all proper tournament hospitality, media, technology and security overlay is not enough • World Cup, Euro and other international mega tournaments are the toughest possible mega events on airport operations due to difficult to forecast air travel demands • Very strong last days accommodation demands combined withMobility solutions insufficient air capacities often makes football mega event planning difficult • Airport potential overloads and accommodation shortages are the most crucial challenges Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 37. 37 Last 10 years of mega event transport planningMobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 38. Last ten years : Sydney 2000 38 After Atlanta 1996 embarassing transport logistical difficulties, a new « era » for Olympic Transport has started in Sydney. • Innovative policy of 100% of spectators by public transport with no parking within 1 km of Olympic venues • Free public transport for ticketed spectators and all Olympic officials, staff, volunteersMobility solutions • Most venues pre-tested / outstanding conviviality and new mega event travel behaviour Little transport infrastructure legacy, but transport sustainable behaviour legacy with multimodal (walk, bike, rail) accessibility concept. Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 39. Last ten years : Athens 2004 39 Athens challenge: traffic congestion on urban roads and public transport infrastructure capacity not sufficient • A 25 years often dealyed Transport Plan implemented in 6 years (urban motorway, 30km metro line modernisation and extensions, new tramway line…) • Athens 2004 first Olympic Games ever to have its own Olympic trafficMobility solutions lane system ono 160km with increase of average speed to 55km/h at everybody surprise! Strong public transport regional rail infrastructure legacy and temporary traffic management measures to cope with Olympic exceptional transport needs. Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 40. 40Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 41. Last ten years : Beijing 2008 41 Beijing challenge: private traffic tremendous growth, creating growing challenges to traffic management • Largest Olympic lane system on all Olympic connections including airport: 300km in total, which 85% located on urban motorways • Reduction of 40-50% of all registered vehicles allowed every day in order to make Olympic lane system to be effectiveMobility solutions • Test of Olympic lane system and traffic reduction concept one year before the Games. Impressive public transport metropolitan rail infrastructure development and environmental / traffic management legacy obtained via the Olympics Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 42. 42Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 43. 43Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 44. Conclusions: sustainability and public transport legacies 44 Mega event experiences show that they are a catalyst for urban, social and transport project developments and legacies • Barcelona 1992 urban rehabilitation turned the City in one of the most attractive of Europe • Athens 2004 vastly improved metropolitan transport system, particularly rail public transportMobility solutions • Beijing 2008 vastly improved air quality and rail public transport, tripling metro in 7 years Next London 2012 and Rio 2016 events are oriented in the same direction: avoid « white elephants » and optimize transport legacies! Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 45. 45 Olympic lanes are not « white elephants » but sometimes…Mobility solutions Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 46. 46 Thank you! Eng. Stefano ManelliMobility solutions Transport Engineer EPFL - CEO Citec Italy UEFA Euro 2012 Public Transport and Airports Manager stefano.manelli@citec.ch Mob. +39.392.664.39.39 Olympic and mega event bibligraphy from www.mobility-bovy.ch Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch
  • 47. 47Mobility solutions mobility solutions Because we don’t inherit the Earth from our fathers, We borrow it from our children Eng.Stefano Manelli, 29 september 2010 IUAV – TTL 7th International Transport Conference – Big Events Transport www.mobility-bovy.ch