Late in the summer of 1955. Emmett, who lived with his mother in Chicago, had finally convinced his mother to allow him to go visit his cousins in Money, Mississippi before starting school in September. His mother had labored to explain the rules of the south to her only son… NEVER speak to a white person unless they first speak to you… Even if they speak to you, NEVER look a white person in the eye… ALWAYS look at the ground, at their feet, out of deference and respect… If you go into the store to buy your favorite treat, bubblegum, DO NOT put the penny in the hand of the white clerk, especially if the clerk is a female – lay it instead on the counter. Because in Money, MS, in 1955, black never touches white… Got it mom. Let me go. She’s a praying lady, so she put him on the train. Later that day Emmett and his cousins are hanging out at the general store in Money. What do 14 year old boys talk about? Girls, sports, and cars (in that order). Emmett told his cousins and other boys that had gathered around the store that day, “Not only do I go to school with white girls (unheard of in Money), I have 2 white girl friends!” “ Yada, Yada, you so fine with the white girls go into that store and speak to that white clerk.” Emmett bounded into the store, forgetting his mother’s warning, pulled a piece of bubblegum from the shelf and approached the white female clerk at the counter. Emmett was later accused of whistling at the clerk, but his mother explains what may have happened is that Emmett, who had a stuttering problem earlier in his childhood, and difficulty saying big words like bubblegum, which he absolutely loved, would whistle softly to himself before saying difficult words like bubblegum. Bad time to whistle, and to make matters worse, as he left the store, he is reported to have turned back to look the white female clerk in the eye and with a big grin and wave said, “Bye Babe!” and out the store he went. An older black man on the porch playing checkers with one of the boys said, “Boy, you better get out of here. They’re going to kill you!” At 2 am the following morning Emmett was pulled at gunpoint from his uncle’s house…it was the last time he was seen alive. It was the last time he was seen looking like a human because what they did to this young boy face was so horrific that the coroner in Money permanently sealed the casket before shipping the body back to Chicago for burial. As Maime Till stepped out of the limousine following the hearse that carried the body of her son, she was swarmed by reporters. “Ms Till, Ms Till, are you going to have an open casket service for your son?” To which she carefully replied, “Yes, I am.” “ But Ms Till, don’t you understand the condition your boy’s body is in? Why would you do that?” Her reply? “I want the whole world to see what they did to my boy.”
Passed by Emmett’s casket over a three day period as his body lay in state in a small Baptist church. American historians have cited the death of Emmett Till as the catalyst for what important social movement? How many know who Rosa Parks was? She refused to give up her seat on the bus in Montgomery, AL, Dec. 1, 1955. She had actually refused several times before that, but had always relented when pressured with arrest. This time was different. Near the end of her life she was asked why she finally stood her ground. She said and I quote, “I didn’t want Emmett’s death to be in vain.” And with no disrespect to the memory of Emmett intended, do you think Emmett was the first black kid to be killed for so-called ‘stepping out of line in the south’? Do you think he would be the last? Unfortunately not. “So how could a relatively unknown black kid’s murder in a tiny backwater town called Money, Mississippi spark such an important and much needed social movement?” People saw, many for the first time. For many Americans, the word racism had lost most of its meaning before a broken hearted mother made a public display of the face of racism—showing it for the unacceptable violence it really is. Just as Maime Till showed us the face of racism, the face of her beloved son,
Lewis Hine, photographer---beginning of 20 th century Hine: &quot;Perhaps you are weary of child labour pictures. Well, so are the rest of us, but we propose to make you and the whole country so sick and tired of the whole business that when the time for action comes, child labour pictures will be records of the past.&quot; A breaker boy is a boy whose job is to separate coal from slate in coal mines . The job was very unhealthy and dirty due to exposure to coal dust .
Creative Tension <ul><li>“ Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. </li></ul><ul><li>It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. </li></ul><ul><li>Letter from a Birmingham Jail </li></ul>
“ The question is not whether we will be extremists but what kind of extremists will we be. Will we be extremists for the preservation of injustice—or will we be extremists for the cause of justice?” -Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from a Birmingham Jail Are We Extremists?
<ul><li>“ Rosa Parks explained that she ‘could not go to the back of the bus’ when she thought about Emmett Till, a 14-year-old black teen from Chicago who had been brutally murdered in Mississippi that August.” </li></ul><ul><li>-The Untold Story of Emmett Till </li></ul>
<ul><li>Education & Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-Life Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genocide Awareness Project </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Pro-Life Institute </li></ul><ul><li>History of Abortion Law in America </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Life Apologetics </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons from Historical Social Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of Effective Dialogue </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ [PLI] was really useful to me because I had something else to base my own beliefs on that I can explain to my friends and other people about my choice to be pro-life . . . I now have more tools besides what I feel to defend myself with.” </li></ul><ul><li>Katie Martinez, Secretary, TCNJ Student Group </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ Two weeks after [CBR] left campus, a total of twenty-six girls have come into our office to have a pregnancy test and we are sure that five of the girls were pro-abortion and changed their minds as a result of your [GAP] display. They were fussing about the vivid pictures but admitted that these pictures changed their minds about abortion.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Pat Job, director of the Pregnancy Support Center of Knoxville, TN </li></ul>
<ul><li>4 Points of Participation: </li></ul><ul><li>Reserving space for PLI/GAP </li></ul><ul><li>Help with funding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Send letters to pro-life friends, family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request funding from university </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PLI/GAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help recruit volunteers: set up/tear down, debate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite local CPC or PAS organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-GAP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endorsement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters to the editor </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>"I still had reservations, like before we even did [GAP]. I said, 'Is this the best way to reach my campus? What about the controversy that it's going to stir up?' . . . But, just from the interactions that I've witnessed alone and what I've heard from other people, it's been such a positive experience in engaging people and bringing members to the group." </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Schulte, President, TCNJ Student Group </li></ul>
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