POPULATION TRENDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: CASE OF RUSSIA
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POPULATION TRENDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: CASE OF RUSSIA

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As tendências populacionais russas, com especial referência ao gênero e empoderamento das mulheres, é o foco da apresentação levada pelo Prof. Dr. Alexander Razumov ao seminário “População ...

As tendências populacionais russas, com especial referência ao gênero e empoderamento das mulheres, é o foco da apresentação levada pelo Prof. Dr. Alexander Razumov ao seminário “População e Desenvolvimento na Agenda do Cairo: balanço e desafios”, realizado nos dias 21 e 22 de fevereiro, em Brasília. Para mais informações, acesse: www.sae.gov.br

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POPULATION TRENDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: CASE OF RUSSIA POPULATION TRENDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: CASE OF RUSSIA Presentation Transcript

  • POPULATION TRENDS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: CASE OF RUSSIA INSTITUTE FOR LABOUR AND SOCIAL INSURANCE Prof. Dr. Alexander Razumov aarazumov@mail.ru Ministry for Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation (BRICS COOPERATION ON POPULATION ISSUES: INAUGURAL SEMINAR, 28 FEBRUARY – 04 MARCH 2014, MBOMBELA, SOUTH AFRICA)
  • Russian Top Bodies/Authorities which are Responsible for Population Policy Council of Demographic Policy at the President of Russia. Ministry of Health of Russia. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Russia. Ministry of Regional Development of Russia. Ministry of Construction, Housing and Communal Services of Russia  State Migration Agency. Governors of regions/ provinces. Regional programmes of demographic policy: analysis, priorities, indexes, efficiency.
  • 25,8 25,9 26,1 26,3 26,4 26,5 26,6 27 27,2 27,4 27,7 27,7 27,9 25,9 26,1 26,3 26,5 26,7 26,8 26,9 27,3 27,5 27,8 28,1 28,2 28,4 25,3 25,4 25,5 25,6 25,7 25,8 25,9 26,3 26,5 26,5 26,7 26,6 26,6 24,5 25 25,5 26 26,5 27 27,5 28 28,5 29 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Averageageofwomenwithlivebirthsinthecurrentyear Years total population urban population rural population Slide 3 Alexander Razumov Mean Age of Mothers at Childbearing, years
  • Live Births by Mothers Marital Status Slide 4 Alexander Razumov 1266800 1311604 1396967 1477301 1502477 1457376 1479637 1610122 1713947 1761687 1788948 1796629 1902084 912547 934343 985506 1038386 1055386 1020301 1048125 1159343 1253529 1302339 1344057 1355098 1448578 354253 377261 411461 438915 447091 437075 431512 450779 460418 459348 444891 441531453506 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 1400000 1600000 1800000 2000000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 persons Years Live births, total including registered marriage including not registered marriage
  • Live Births by Mothers Marital Status 72,0 71,2 70,5 70,3 70,2 70,0 70,8 72,0 73,1 73,9 75,1 75,4 76,2 28,0 28,8 29,5 29,7 29,8 30,0 29,2 28,0 26,9 26,1 24,9 24,6 23,8 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 70,0 80,0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Share in Total Live Births, percent registered marriage not registered marriage Slide 5 Alexander Razumov
  • Abortion 2138,8 1675,7 1064 542,1 405,5 293,9 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 2000 2005 2012 thousands Years Number of abortions, total of which mini-abortion 54,2 42,7 29,3 13,7 10,3 8,1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2000 2005 2012 per1000womenaged15-49 Years Number of abortions, total of which mini-abortion 168,7 117,4 56,2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 2000 2005 2012 per100births Years Number of abortions, total Slide 6 Alexander Razumov
  • Tools and Measures of Demographic Policy Material/monetary measures . Labour market/employment policy measures . Non-material/ non-monetary measures .
  • The Amount of Main Allowances on Maternity and Childhood, rubles Slide 8 Alexander Razumov 7000 10000 10000 11000 11000 11000 11000 14000 15820 17402 18533,1 19645,1 6000 8000 8000 8680 9989,9 10988,9 11703,1 12405,3 500 700 1500 1627,5 1873,1 2060,4 2194,3 2326 500 700 3000 3255 3746,2 4120,8 4388,7 4652 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years One-time birth certificate One-time grant/allowance to pregnant wife of military man One-time birth grant/allowance Monthly allowance to cover the costs of caring for the first child until 1,5 year Monthly allowance to cover the costs of caring for the second and subsequent children until 1,5 year
  • Maternity Capital Policy 250000 276250 321163 343379 365698 387640 408960 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 300000 350000 400000 450000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 thousandrubles Year Amount of maternity capital 313.803 568.644 940.290 789.387 700.505723.651 0 100.000 200.000 300.000 400.000 500.000 600.000 700.000 800.000 900.000 1.000.000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year Number of certificates of maternity capital issued by Pension Fund of Russia Directions/Aims of Spending Maternity Capital Acquiring housing/improving housing conditions; Paying for children’s education; Investing in the mother’s retirement fund. Slide 9 Alexander Razumov
  • Other Monetary Tools and Measures at Regional Level Regional family capital, in 72 regions, the amount varies from 25 to 350 thousand rubes. Allowance/grant for the third and subsequent children at the amount of regional subsistence minimum for child up to 3 yeas (childbirth motivation & escape poverty). Reducing the amount of paying for housing and communal services for families with 3 or more children. Free local transport for those families. Free nutrition in schools kinder gardens for those families.
  • Employment Policies Keeping balance between care of children and employment. Employment of woman after vacation on child care, their re-integration into employment. Flexible employment (part-time work, work at home, distant employment). Professional training and retraining according to labour market demand. Special programs of retraining and employment to avoid/escape hazard employment conditions. Creation of new jobs with safe working conditions.
  • Non-Material/ Non-Monetary measures Priority of family values, enhancing of family traditions. Propaganda/respect/ of society towards families with 3 and more children.  Policy of solidarity of generations. Role of mass-media. State and regional awards.
  • Thank you for your attention!