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1
Demographic and Social
Profile of South Africa
BRICS Seminar
Hazyview
1 – 3 March, 2014
2
Introduction
• Statistics SA is the National Statistics
Office of the South African government
and is responsible for pr...
3
Population
42000000 44000000 46000000 48000000 50000000 52000000 54000000
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2...
4
Sex Ratio (Men per 100 Women)
92,00
92,50
93,00
93,50
94,00
94,50
95,00
95,50
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 20...
0,00
5,00
10,00
15,00
20,00
25,00
30,00
35,00
40,00
0-14 15-24 25-49 50-64 65 and
over
2001
2011
Percentage Distribution o...
33,4
21,2
33,3
8,2
3,8
30,8
20,2
33,9
9,2
6,0
30,3
20,6
35,3
9,7
4,1
28,1
19,5
34,8
11,2
6,5
40,0 30,0 20,0 10,0 0,0 10,0 ...
Shaping the future of tourism...
2001
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-7...
8
Net-migration 2001-2011
WC EC NC FS KZN NW GP MP LP
Net-Migration 303.824 -278.259 -6.732 -24.298 -30.684 107.163 1.037....
9
Lifetime immigrants into South Africa
WC EC NC FS KZN NW GP MP LP RSA
Pre 2001 102.807 26.763 9.366 26.980 76.338 52.824...
Number of birth occurrences in South Africa, 1992–2012
Updated at 30 June 2013
Births reached a peak in
2008 with
1,09 mil...
Shaping the future of tourism...Fertility (births)
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
25
24
23 22...
Shaping the future of tourism...Mortality (deaths)
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
53 52 53 54...
Deaths by age and sex, 2010
Age group
1-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-34
35-39
40-44
45-49
50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-7...
1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Year of death
0
700,000
Main categories of causes of...
THE SOUTH AFRICA I KNOW, THE HOME I UNDERSTAND
Unemployment Rates 2008-2013
34,0%
24,1%
STATS SA
The current official
unem...
International Poverty Lines (Headcount)
$1 $1,25 $2 $2,50
2000 11,3 17,0 33,5 42,2
2006 5 9,71 25,3 34,8
2009 5,9 10,7 27,...
Poverty Headcounts 2006 2009 2011
Percentage of the population
that is poor
57,2% 56,8% 45,5%
Number of poor persons
(mill...
Poverty incidence by sex of household
head (upper bound poverty line)
55,7 54,6
43,9
33,6 34,8
25,7
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
20...
Poverty incidence by education level of
household head (upper bound poverty line)
0,0
10,0
20,0
30,0
40,0
50,0
60,0
70,0
8...
Incidence of poverty by age
(upper bound poverty line)
68,9
60,2
46,6 45,1 44,8 45,9
55,6
55,7
50,7
38,7
35,0 33,6 35,0 36...
Grade 12
Post-school
None
Grade 7
21,9%
27,2%
9,3%
12,3%
10,6% 5,8%
7%
5,3%
Females more likely to have completed at least
grade 7 in the age group 20-39, better than older
generations
100
90
80
70
...
29,9%
45,3% 43,6%
12,7%
29,6%
27,5%
Households
Population
58%
19,3%
16,2%
2,2%
4,3%
2002-2012
Decrease in
use of wood
and paraffin,
increased use
of electricity
& 2002
26
Demographic and Social Profile of South Africa
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Demographic and Social Profile of South Africa

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Esta apresentação traz o perfil social e demográfico da África do Sul, levantado a partir de dados coletados pelo Statistics AS, Instituto Nacional de estatística da África do Sul. Ela foi divulgada durante o seminário “População e Desenvolvimento na Agenda do Cairo: balanço e desafios”, realizado nos dias 21 e 22 de fevereiro, em Brasília. Para mais informações, acesse: www.sae.gov.br

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Demographic and Social Profile of South Africa

  1. 1. 1 Demographic and Social Profile of South Africa BRICS Seminar Hazyview 1 – 3 March, 2014
  2. 2. 2 Introduction • Statistics SA is the National Statistics Office of the South African government and is responsible for providing statistics related to the economy, population and society of the South African people • I will today present a profile of the social and demographic situation in South Africa by referring to various data sources collected by Statistics SA
  3. 3. 3 Population 42000000 44000000 46000000 48000000 50000000 52000000 54000000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 45808736 46409243 47019452 47639556 48269753 48910248 49561256 50222996 50895698 51579599 52274945 52981991
  4. 4. 4 Sex Ratio (Men per 100 Women) 92,00 92,50 93,00 93,50 94,00 94,50 95,00 95,50 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  5. 5. 0,00 5,00 10,00 15,00 20,00 25,00 30,00 35,00 40,00 0-14 15-24 25-49 50-64 65 and over 2001 2011 Percentage Distribution of Population by Age: Census 2001 and 2011
  6. 6. 33,4 21,2 33,3 8,2 3,8 30,8 20,2 33,9 9,2 6,0 30,3 20,6 35,3 9,7 4,1 28,1 19,5 34,8 11,2 6,5 40,0 30,0 20,0 10,0 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 0-14 15-24 25-49 50-64 65 and over Males Females Census 2011 Census 2001
  7. 7. Shaping the future of tourism... 2001 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2002 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2003 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2004 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2005 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2006 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2007 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2008 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2009 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2010 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2011 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2012 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young 2013 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 70-79 80+ Elderly Working age Young
  8. 8. 8 Net-migration 2001-2011 WC EC NC FS KZN NW GP MP LP Net-Migration 303.824 -278.259 -6.732 -24.298 -30.684 107.163 1.037.867 52.841 -152.852 -400.000 -200.000 0 200.000 400.000 600.000 800.000 1.000.000 1.200.000 Number
  9. 9. 9 Lifetime immigrants into South Africa WC EC NC FS KZN NW GP MP LP RSA Pre 2001 102.807 26.763 9.366 26.980 76.338 52.824 413.547 60.813 41.135 810.573 2001-2011 160.923 51.352 9.944 41.861 98.642 95.017 683.624 85.141 118.527 1.345.031 0 200.000 400.000 600.000 800.000 1.000.000 1.200.000 1.400.000 1.600.000 Number
  10. 10. Number of birth occurrences in South Africa, 1992–2012 Updated at 30 June 2013 Births reached a peak in 2008 with 1,09 million births 0,97 million births occurred in 2012
  11. 11. Shaping the future of tourism...Fertility (births) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 25 24 23 22 21 Crude birth rate 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.3 Total fertility rate (TFR)
  12. 12. Shaping the future of tourism...Mortality (deaths) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 53 52 53 54 56 57 58 60 Life expectancy Crude death rate 14 15 14 13 12 11 63,5 62,6 60,1 58,0 55,6 53,6 50,8 49,1 47,1 45,1 43,5 41,7 Infant mortality rate * 93 92 89 85 81 77 72 69 59 65 62 57 Under-5 mortality rate *
  13. 13. Deaths by age and sex, 2010 Age group 1-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90+ Male deaths peak at 35-39 Female deaths peak at 30-34 %Deaths 10% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0
  14. 14. 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Year of death 0 700,000 Main categories of causes of death, 2010 300,000 500,000 100,000 90,000 70,000 30,000 10,000 7,000 3,000 5,000 1,000
  15. 15. THE SOUTH AFRICA I KNOW, THE HOME I UNDERSTAND Unemployment Rates 2008-2013 34,0% 24,1% STATS SA The current official unemployment rates is the lowest rate observed in the last 7 quarters Expanded unemployment rate Official unemployment rate Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 0,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0
  16. 16. International Poverty Lines (Headcount) $1 $1,25 $2 $2,50 2000 11,3 17,0 33,5 42,2 2006 5 9,71 25,3 34,8 2009 5,9 10,7 27,2 36,4 2011 4,0 7,4 20,8 29,2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
  17. 17. Poverty Headcounts 2006 2009 2011 Percentage of the population that is poor 57,2% 56,8% 45,5% Number of poor persons (millions) 27.1 27.8 23.0 Percentage of the population living in extreme poverty 26,6% 32,4% 20,2% Number of extremely poor persons (millions) 12.6 15.8 10.2 National Poverty Lines (Headcount)
  18. 18. Poverty incidence by sex of household head (upper bound poverty line) 55,7 54,6 43,9 33,6 34,8 25,7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2006 2009 2011 Female Male
  19. 19. Poverty incidence by education level of household head (upper bound poverty line) 0,0 10,0 20,0 30,0 40,0 50,0 60,0 70,0 80,0 90,0 2006 2009 2011 None Some primary Primary Some secondary Matric Higher
  20. 20. Incidence of poverty by age (upper bound poverty line) 68,9 60,2 46,6 45,1 44,8 45,9 55,6 55,7 50,7 38,7 35,0 33,6 35,0 36,2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 0-17 yrs 18-24 yrs 25-34 yrs 35-44 yrs 45-54 yrs 55-64 yrs 65+ yrs % 2006 2011
  21. 21. Grade 12 Post-school None Grade 7 21,9% 27,2% 9,3% 12,3% 10,6% 5,8% 7% 5,3%
  22. 22. Females more likely to have completed at least grade 7 in the age group 20-39, better than older generations 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Female 60+ 3,4% Male 60+ Female 40-59 Male 40-59 Male 20-39 Female 20-39
  23. 23. 29,9% 45,3% 43,6% 12,7% 29,6% 27,5% Households Population
  24. 24. 58% 19,3% 16,2% 2,2% 4,3% 2002-2012 Decrease in use of wood and paraffin, increased use of electricity & 2002
  25. 25. 26

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