new technologies to enrich
       your mind
    Expanding
consciousness with
  Brain-machine
    interfaces
Consciousness is…
   experiencing brain processes
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color     ...
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color     ...
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color     ...
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color     ...
Consciousness is…
          experiencing brain processes
        different processes cause different qualia




color     ...
Expanding experience




             similarly to neurons,
                 brain implant
              represents itself...
Synthetic qualia?
    but is it possible for artificial device
          to create consciousness?
   artificial neural net...
Putting them together
    how to integrate synthetic qualia
     with those produced by brain?
           learn from natur...
The miracle of broadcast
       what makes the system conscious?
 Information Integration         Global Neuronal Workspac...
The miracle of broadcast
        what makes the system conscious?
 Information Integration              Global Neuronal Wo...
The miracle of broadcast
       what makes the system conscious?
 Information Integration         Global Neuronal Workspac...
The miracle of broadcast
       what makes the system conscious?
 Information Integration           Global Neuronal Worksp...
The hardware
  how to make the implant broadcast?
          today’s brain-machine interfaces

                            ...
The hardware
                    a new hopes
       “sprouting” brain-machine interfaces




   Harnessing the blood      ...
The hardware
  interfacing in a brain-friendly way
        neurons are     their axons grow
      grown on a chip   throug...
Applications
       artificial bodies


                  tactile and
                proprioceptive
                   fe...
Applications
     approach to “cracking neural code”
 conscious neural implants provide a fresh approach to
 the problem o...
Going further
   exploring the minds of Others

                   would it be possible to
                 join conscious...
Going further
  the Consciousness Singularity
                                      Ω
                     all consciousne...
The end?
     nop, just the beginning!



       Thank you!
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Brain-Computer Interfacing, Consciousness, and the Global Brain: Towards the Technological Enlightenment

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Brain implants to increase intellectual capabilities, control machines using thought alone, or transfer information directly into the brain are quite popular in sci-fi and have been recently adopted as concrete research goals by many science and engineering teams around the world. Currently developed prototypes adopt a "black box" model - they do not allow the user to experience what is going on inside the implant. Our brain, however, doesn\'t only process sensory input and calculate appropriate behaviors based on it, but also enables us to experience what is happening. In other words, brain activity is accompanied by consciousness.
Potentially, brain chips can also be designed to have consciousness inside them. Inserted into a human brain, such a conscious implant would expand the user\'s conscious experience with its own contents. For this, however, a new kind of brain-machine interface should be developed that would merge consciousness in two separate systems - the chip and the brain - into single, unified one.
Progress in conscious interfaces could eventually allow us to unify consciousness of different human beings, leading to the emergence of special kind of global brain, in which every individual will experience itself being a GB, and won\'t become just one of the cogs in this huge super-intelligent system.

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Brain-Computer Interfacing, Consciousness, and the Global Brain: Towards the Technological Enlightenment

  1. 1. new technologies to enrich your mind Expanding consciousness with Brain-machine interfaces
  2. 2. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes
  3. 3. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color
  4. 4. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color sound
  5. 5. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color sound taste
  6. 6. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color sound taste smell
  7. 7. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color sound taste smell pain
  8. 8. Consciousness is… experiencing brain processes different processes cause different qualia color sound taste smell pain let’s enrich this experience with new technologies!
  9. 9. Expanding experience similarly to neurons, brain implant represents itself in consciousness
  10. 10. Synthetic qualia? but is it possible for artificial device to create consciousness? artificial neural network models have been already developed which demonstrate rudimentary consciousness or some aspects of consciousness Edelman brain-based devices neural networks simulations by Dehaene, Gamez
  11. 11. Putting them together how to integrate synthetic qualia with those produced by brain? learn from nature! motion sounds shape color so how does brain bring them all together?
  12. 12. The miracle of broadcast what makes the system conscious? Information Integration Global Neuronal Workspace Theory Theory Tononi & Edelman Dehaene • differentiation consist of • many specialized modules many specialized modules • integration/broadcasting via • integration each module subset of special workspace profoundly affects activity of neurons others • consciousness can be measured mathematically
  13. 13. The miracle of broadcast what makes the system conscious? Information Integration Global Neuronal Workspace Theory Theory Tononi & Edelman Dehaene • differentiation consist of • many specialized modules many specialized modules • integration/broadcasting via • integration each module subset of special workspace profoundly affects activity of neurons others • consciousness can be as Integrated Information: a provisional manifesto (C) Consciousness Tononi, 2008 measured mathematically
  14. 14. The miracle of broadcast what makes the system conscious? Information Integration Global Neuronal Workspace Theory Theory Tononi & Edelman Dehaene • differentiation consist of • many specialized modules many specialized modules • integration/broadcasting via • integration each module subset of special workspace profoundly affects activity of neurons others • consciousness can be measured mathematically
  15. 15. The miracle of broadcast what makes the system conscious? Information Integration Global Neuronal Workspace Theory Theory Tononi & Edelman Dehaene • differentiation consist of • many specialized modules many specialized modules • integration/broadcasting via • integration each module subset of special workspace profoundly affects activity of neurons others • consciousness can be Neural mechanisms for access to consciousness (C) measured mathematically Dehaene & Changeux, 2003
  16. 16. The hardware how to make the implant broadcast? today’s brain-machine interfaces DBS electrode X many connections are not possible: • can damage everything electrode grid • procedure too X only those neurons cumbersome close to the surface
  17. 17. The hardware a new hopes “sprouting” brain-machine interfaces Harnessing the blood Growing up your own supply network (R. Llinas) network of neuroagents
  18. 18. The hardware interfacing in a brain-friendly way neurons are their axons grow grown on a chip through the brain intermediate layer between brain and communication channel is electronics natural for the brain
  19. 19. Applications artificial bodies tactile and proprioceptive feedback for neuroprostheses
  20. 20. Applications approach to “cracking neural code” conscious neural implants provide a fresh approach to the problem of transferring information into the brain 1. transfer happens when brain-implant system becomes conscious 2. a mathematical tools for analyzing conscious systems are being developed 3. these tools finally allow to calculate optimal design for the implant enabling consciousness = information transfer
  21. 21. Going further exploring the minds of Others would it be possible to join conscious experience of another being with yours? the major difficulty is provided by functional aspects of consciousness
  22. 22. Going further the Consciousness Singularity Ω all consciousness on the planet, living and artificial, merged to a single one the “functional problem” disappears at the global level
  23. 23. The end? nop, just the beginning! Thank you!

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