Online plataforms for the co design of alternative urban scenarios

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The citizenship construction is a challenge that municipalities have to face. Design can contribute in this task serving its collaborative methods and techniques, such as scenarios, which are strongly …

The citizenship construction is a challenge that municipalities have to face. Design can contribute in this task serving its collaborative methods and techniques, such as scenarios, which are strongly empowered by the use of ICT. The paper studies an online platform that our University is developing in collaboration with the Porto Alegre municipality, whose goal is to develop a conversation among the citizens and the different stakeholders of the city.

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  • 1. Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios Rodrigo Hanauer; Graduate Student Patricia Hartmann; Graduate Student Paulo Reyes; Dr. Bruna do Nascimento Remus; M.Sc. Carlo Franzato; Dr.1
  • 2. Design can contribute in citizenship construction serving its collaborative methods and techniques, such as scenarios, which are strongly empowered by the use of ICT. The paper studies an online platform that our University is developing in collaboration with the Porto Alegre municipality, whose goal is to: develop a conversation among the citizens and the different stakeholdersOnline Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 2
  • 3. UNISINOS is a university situated in São Leopoldo, a city near Porto Alegre,in the south of Brazil. UNISINOS has recently opened a branch in PortoAlegre to host institutional activities and special courses. Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 3
  • 4. 1. Opening complex systems interpretationAccording to Güell (2006), cities are complex systems with non-lineardynamics and great internal variety.In this context of complexity and uncertainty, the challenge is to findways to reduce the risk towards the future.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 4
  • 5. Unexpected changes happen and they demand fastdecision-making (Schwartz,1996)• the use of scenarios built from plausible relations of cause and effect represent different future possibilities;• they help the interpretation of the future and allow a strategic conversation between all the actors involved in the decisional process (Van Der Heijden 2009). This conversation could be effectively opened to outsiders during participative design experiences. => talks with external actors can aggregate original points of view and innovative thinking (Schwartz, 1996).Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 5
  • 6. 2. Co-design and online platformsIt becomes evident the importance of external actor’s participationduring scenario thinking, both in planning or design.It implies aspects such as co-creation, collaboration and interactivity,which constitute the basis for a co-design process.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 6
  • 7. After the emergence of web 2.0, the Internet is not just asource of content to be absorbed by the receiver. In the co-design approach, scenarios elaborated together with potential users Online platforms are capable promote: of inserting users in innovation processes and tools because• the simulation of ideas, they:• the collection of new suggestions, • facilitate the storage and the intelligent use of information;• the creation of a shared image about • create a structured model to the future and promote interaction and generating innovation (Rizzo,• the change of mental models. 2009).Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 7
  • 8. 3. Research MethodIn order to foster a deeper comprehension about how wecan innovate the way people interact with each other andwith the city, using a co-design approach and web 2.0tools, such as online platforms, we studied the case ofPortoAlegre.cc project.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 8
  • 9. The case is successively discussed by using the following criteria: • Scenario construction: building scenarios as a strategy to deal with complex systems with a certain degree of risks and unpredictability and to develop participatory processes; • Co-creation and co-design: designing with the user to create shared values and to facilitating the projecting dimension of design; • Web 2.0: open and online platforms that promote interaction and to facilitate the storage and the intelligent use of this information.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 9
  • 10. 4. The PortoAlegre.cc caseUNISINOS, Porto Alegre City Hall and Lung got together to create thePortoAlegre.cc project, that would bring impact to the scale of the city and not onlyto a specific sight, in which industry, university and government are articulated toreach a common goal.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 10
  • 11. The main interface of PortoAlegre.cc is an onlineplatform that allows discussion about the history, Concept of “Wikicity” reality and the future of specific territories. 11
  • 12. The causes can be critical comments, suggestions Any user can post a “cause”, or ideas about specific aspects of Porto Alegre, registered and promoted through photos, interviews, geolocated in the Porto Alegre films and others. map by pins. 12
  • 13. The ways of contact and exchange offered by the project are To engage users and stimulatefundamentally based on the online interface of the platform, connected to a cause blog and amplified through two social interaction teasers are shared networks: Facebook and Twitter. daily in the social networks. 13
  • 14. Think about the causes in the best way possible to solveurban problems and generating visibility for the ideas. Face-to-face meetings are scheduled The core of the project is the and they count with the presence of logic of: Lung and volunteers, who have enrolled • listening to the city, in the site to join PortoAlegre.cc. • generating ideas and PortoAlegre.cc is a project that keeps • co-creating an even better city. growing and is still being updated to obtain even more significant results than the ones already obtained.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 14
  • 15. 5. Case discussionIn the case of PortoAlegre.cc, unpredictability is a constant featuresince the project is built by different actors and is only able to happenwhen citizens, who cannot be controlled, are an effective part of it.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 15
  • 16. The urban environment that is born from such experiencesstimulates individual and social well-being (Manzini 2003).• When the actors actively interact by negotiating rights and benefits, a sense of responsibility for the urban dynamics they helped to build is acquired (Santos 1988).• This is a self-determined society where government-leading actions are in line with what the community itself projects as a destination. On the other hand, it becomes difficult to determine a collective desire in which the decisions taken should be welcomed as the highest and best expression of each individual’s willingness to change.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 16
  • 17. PortoAlegre.cc is a scenario that all active organizations in the city could employ to practice scenario thinking and design. Such set of organizers’ stimuli and users’ posts and replies constitutes an organic vision of the different instances that the project is suggesting in order to change the city and help it reach a better future.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 17
  • 18. Online platform usage is appropriate to the context in which the project aims at working, as it generates agility in the process and makes it easier for the participants to engage. It is necessary to have in mind that Brazil and its cities are growing in a fast and continuous pace, making it difficult to follow such growth dynamic.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 18
  • 19. Co-creation is part of the soul of PortoAlegre.cc. This is a leadership that listens, learns, adapts itself and does not lead the creative process, but encourages it.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 19
  • 20. 6. Final ConsiderationsThe participation of local actors in this process creates a social capital, generating adiscussion channel that reveals values and the true identity of the city (Güell 2006).Finally, our study of PortoAlegre.cc shows that the knowledge and competences that designis developing on more collaborative and interactive processes, such as scenario building andco-design, can stimulate advanced interactions between stakeholders and citizens.Online Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 20
  • 21. www.redesdeprojeto.comOnline Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 21
  • 22. Thank you!Patricia Hartmannpatricia@design4sense.comPaulo Reyesreyes@unisinos.brOnline Platforms for the Co-Design of Alternative Urban Scenarios. HANAUER; HARTMANN; REYES; REMUS; FRANZATO 22