Figure The important role in the civil war Side
Abraham Lincoln remains a tragic historical
figure, gunned down by an assassin just days
after winning the nation's bloodiest war. A
Republican lawyer from the backwoods who
produced the most enduringly elegant phrases of
modern rhetoric, Lincoln's surprising election in
1860 helped spark the war itself, when South
Carolina seceded. His appearance at Gettysburg
in 1863 and his Second Inaugural Address in
1865 provided two of his most revered speeches.
2) Ulysses S.
In Februray of 1862, Grant took Fort Donelson in
Tennessee. This was the first Union victory on
strategic terms. Although through some harsh
battles, some began to question Grant’s
leadership abilities, Lincoln strongly supported
Grant. With that support, Grant captured
Vicksburg as well as broke the Confederate hold
on Chattanooga, Tennessee.
3) William T.
William T. Sherman entered the American army
as a captain, and was entitled a lot of credit
based of his siege of Vicksburg, the last capture
of Jackson, and the dispersion of Johnston’s
army. But, above everything, he is most famous
for his March to the Sea, where he destroyed all
confederate property in a swatch across the
4) Robert E. Lee Regarded as the war's finest general, Robert E.
Lee was a master of the organization of war. The
country's most experienced general in 1861, he
declined Lincoln's offer to head the Union Army,
even though he opposed slavery. As head of the
Confederate Army, Lee projected a deep sense of
duty and honor, nicknamed the "Marble Model."
President of Washington College after the war,
he lost his family home, Arlington, now the
nation's largest military cemetery.
first and only president of the Confederacy, left
the U.S. Senate to help lead the secessionist
states in 1861. But his political skills or lack
thereof, made the new government's
performance inconsistent and often fractious,
although his support of Robert E. Lee was his
strongest point. Davis was imprisoned for two
years after the war but never tried, and died a
much-admired figure in the South.
Andrew Johnson was elected the 17th president
of the United States during 1865. Johnson
supported Lincoln and was the only Southern
senate who refused to join the confederacy.
Lincoln appointed Johnson as military governor
On November 1, 1861, McCellan became
general in chief of all union armies, when
Winfeild Scott retired. McCellan had damaged
his reputation with his slow tactics and insulting
his upper officers and president, but had made
up for it with his victories, such as the Peninsular
Campain, which forced Confederate forced
Seward was the Secretary of State from 1861-
1869 (which included the years of the American
civil War). Within his term he had annexed the
Brooks Islands, but had influenced the Hawaiian
Islands, Japan, and Chins to a great extent.
On August 8, 1862 Stanton orderded to “arrest
and imporson any person or persons who may
be engaged by act, speech, or writing, in
discouraging volunteer enlistements.”
From escaped slave to worldwide advocate of
abolition and social justice, Frederick Douglass's
larger-than-life presence spanned the 19th
century. As a young man, Douglass fled his
Maryland plantation for the North and points
overseas, earning enough from his
autobiography to purchase his freedom. He
pressed Lincoln to enlist blacks and pronounce
emancipation. After the war, he held various
11) Stephen A.
Stephen A. Douglous was a very talented leader
who Supported the Dred Scott Supreme Court
decisin. He also helped Chicago make railroasd,
and “reopened” the question of slavery in the
Kansas Nebraska Act.
12) Joseph E.
Served as General U.S Army officer. Served in
Merican- American War and Seminole Wars.
The first American to become a full admiral
demonstrated extraordinary ability as a pre-
teenage captain’s aide during the War of 1812,
and served with distinction for more than 40
years. Still, Farragut’s long career might have
been forgotten except for his best-known Union
victory at Mobile Bay in August 1864, which
produced the legendary epithet, "Damn the
torpedos!" Congress created the full admiralcy
for Farragut two years later.
14) John Brown John Brown's obsession with ending slavery cast
him as an abolitionist hero. In 1856, provoked by
a bloody attack on Kansas settlers by “border
ruffians,” Brown led a raid at Pottawatomie
where they hacked several pro-slavery
inhabitants to death. Three years later, he led a
raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry,
Virginia. Captured byRobert E. Lee, tried, and
hanged, Brown refused to repent, becoming a
martyr to northern abolitionists and
immortalized in the song, "John Brown's Body."
James Longstreet's hesitancy and differences of
opinion with Robert E. Lee have often marred
his historical image. Although generally
respected for his military prowess, he is often
blamed for the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg
for allowing Pickett's charge to occur. Yet
Longstreet remained a prominent national figure
after the war. In 1880, the West Point graduate
and prosperous businessman was named U.S.
minister to Turkey.
17) Thomas J.
Thomas Jackson was a strong military leader
during the Civil War. He was the Commander of
the confederates and also received two brevets
during the Mexican War. Jackson also received
the nickname “Stonewall” because he never “fell
back” like a stonewall.
William Lloyd Garrison was an American
Abolitionist who was anti-slavery. He promoted
“immediate emancipation” of slaves in the U.S
and was very keen on the women’s suffrage.
19) John Wilkes
The nation's most famous assassin, John Wilkes
Booth was an accomplished actor, Southern
sympathizer, and likely spy before shooting
President Lincoln at Ford's Theater in April
1865, just after Lee's surrender at Appomattox.
Booth, who leaped from the President's box onto
the stage, was hunted down and died in a
shootout days later. Several of his co-
conspirators were hanged for their role in the
George Thomas was the Union General in the
Civil War. He served in the Mexican-American
War and his strong defence during the Battle of
Chickamauga saved the Union Army from being
completely routed. This earned him his
nickname “the Rock of Chickamauga”
Links: Ulysses S. Grant
Union Civil War General
Eighteenth President 1869-1877
William T. Sherman