Consolidate and apply that learning!
Can you create a happy, cohesive triangle?
All of you should be able to make the triangles happy
Most of you should be able to identify which option links to the lovely LAPSO 2012
Some of you should be able to work out which key sentence is missing…
Can you find the 10 key terms?
All of you should be able to work together to find the 10 terms.
Most of you should be able to complete the terms.
Some of you will be able to point out what is missing.
Describe the custodial, community and other sentences available to a
Hint: these are worth 18 marks, 6 developed and explained areas are required!
Example (statutes… cases… etc. remember to
What should an AO1 answer look like?
Hint: these are worth 18 marks, 6 developed and
explained areas are required!
This is a real answer from June 2012.
You need to mark and grade it.
You have an indicative scheme, in the brainstorm
we completed last time, and the descriptions on
The type of sentence that a young offender may receive are slightly
different from those of an adult. The custodial sentence for a young
offender may include a number of months/years in a young offenders
institute, if they have committed a crime that would usually if sentencing
an adult, result in a longer sentence,, then the young offender will
remain in the young offenders institute until they can be tried as an
adult. The community sentence for a young offender, like that of an
adult, will include a number of hours unpaid work, due to the young
offenders age this is most likely to include activities such as litter picking,
cleaning graffiti off of public walls or perhaps work in an old persons’
home. Other sentences for a young offender may be a ASBO which will
give each individual who is given one specific conditions which they must
abide by such as curfew, banning from certain areas etc. An ASBO would
usually be given for repeated petty/summary offences such as public
disturbances, vandalism or drinking on the streets. Like adult offenders
young offenders can also be discharged by the court if they have
committed a crime, but the courts feel that they should not be punished.
Discharge can also be conditional so the offender may be told to go to
rehabilitation or drug abuse meetings.
Improving the response
LEVEL 4 Good, well-developed
knowledge with a clear understanding
of the relevant concepts and principles.
Where appropriate, candidates will be
able to elaborate by good citation to
relevant statutes and case-law.
LEVEL 3 Adequate knowledge showing
reasonable understanding of the
relevant concepts and principles. Where
appropriate, candidates will be able to
elaborate with some citation of relevant
statutes and case-law.
LEVEL 2Limited knowledge showing
general understanding of the relevant
concepts and principles. There will be
some elaboration of the principles, and
where appropriate with limited
reference to relevant statutes and caselaw.
LEVEL 1 Very limited knowledge of the
basic concepts and principles. There will
be limited points of detail, but accurate
citation of relevant statutes and caselaw will not be expected.
The aim is to be in Level Four, so how are we going to get
The custodial sentence for a young
offender may include a number of
months/years in a young offenders
institute, if they have committed a
crime that would usually if sentencing
an adult, result in a longer sentence,,
then the young offender will remain in
the young offenders institute until they
can be tried as an adult.
A custodial sentence should be the last
option for a young offender. Under the
Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing)
Act 2000, they should only be
imprisoned if they are prolific
offenders or the seriousness of the
offence justifies it.
Now you rewrite the sections on aiming for
detail and accuracy!
Can you apply your understanding of youth sentencing
to determine a defendant’s liability?
Modelling an answer:
Aim for five points, well applied with a clear conclusion!
James, aged 13, has broken into his school and stolen three laptops. He committed the offence with his friend, Steven, who has been in trouble
before. James often fails to go to school, and hangs around with Steven in the town centre. He has already received a youth caution for criminal
damage. Advise him which factors and which community sentence options a court is likely to consider.
Now you complete a problem question to demonstrate
Stacey, aged 11, has been convicted of two
counts of theft and one of criminal damage.
She has three previous convictions for criminal
damage, all of which occurred after drinking
large amounts of alcohol. She currently lives
with her parents, who are both alcoholics.
Louise, age 15, has been convicted of assault
after she hit her sister, causing her to break
her nose. Louise has been depressed and is no
longer attending school. She has previously been
on medication to help with the depression, but
has stopped taking it. She has no previous
Joe, aged 12, has been convicted of robbery
after he stole £200 from his school mufti fund.
He has an ASBO for anti-social behaviour
towards others in his neighbourhood, and was
convicted along with two other friends.
Pass your answer to someone who cares!
… but not the person next to you!
Now you have
to another question!
You are going to
both the law and the
exam demands to
mark the response.
A bald point:
Louisa has no previous
convictions which would work
in her favour
A developed point:
Stacey’s previous convictions
would not work in her favour
because she is a greater risk of
reoffending, and so is likely to
make her sentence worse.
Now, using your understanding write
a paragraph commenting on:
etter if you…
A well developed
Joe has been charged with a
serious offence which would
increase the likelihood of a
custodial sentence because of
sentencing guidelines and it is
from his school. However, the
amount that he has stolen is
quite small, and so would
probably work to reduce his
onfident should they
be with their response?
Using the following words (or numbers!), create a
sentence summarising this area of the law…
Challenge: can you identify at least two other ages which are relevant to youth sentencing and explain why