Ass3 Summative


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CO3714 Assignment 3

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Ass3 Summative

  1. 1. Political Communication In CMC Terrorism and the Internet Manuel Janka
  2. 2. Terrorism <ul><li>Use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce people </li></ul><ul><li>These groups often for political purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Need media to show people what they did </li></ul>
  3. 3. Terrorism <ul><li>Internet ideal media 1/3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is easy to get access to the internet. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less regulation if you compare it with a other medias (for example the newspaper) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge audiences spread throughout the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Many people have connection to the internet, therefore you can easily reach huge mass of people. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Terrorism <ul><li>Internet ideal media 2/3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anonymity of communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is very difficult to trace which computer created which webpage and its nearly impossible to know who used that computer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast flow of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you upload a homepage, everybody with an internet connection has immediately access to it. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Terrorism <ul><li>Internet ideal media 3/3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access is not expensive. For example you often have free access to the internet on the most airports. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A multimedia environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the internet, you can easily use different environment. For example: Text, Picture, Video, Audio, … </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Terrorism <ul><li>Content of terrorist sites 1/2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History of the organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They want to show, when and why they were founded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History of activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everybody should know what they already did. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Terrorism <ul><li>Content of terrorist sites 2/2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Details from leaders, founders and heroes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All important people were presented Also the famous martyrs has their biographies on their website and where celebrated as heroes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information over their political and ideological aims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Probably the most important fact are their political ideology and their planned aims to get their ideology </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Terrorism <ul><li>Audiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current and potential supporters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People who helps the terrorism group. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International public opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People who want to stay up to date and increase their general knowledge. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enemy publics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They also want to reach their enemies to demoralize or frighten them. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Terrorism <ul><li>Usage of Internet for terrorists 1/4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological Warfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change the attitude of the enemy with that warfare. It is also used to deliver fear. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publicity and Propaganda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They use the internet to get famous. Their aim is that everybody knows them and their intentions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Terrorism <ul><li>Usage of Internet for terrorists 2/4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is the biggest library. Terrorists also need knowledge. One example is “How to build a bomb”. They often get that information from the internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundraising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Everybody needs money, also terrorists. They use their web platform usually to get donations to realize their plan. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Terrorism <ul><li>Usage of Internet for terrorists 3/4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruitment and Mobilization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorists need supporters for their intention. They use the internet to find them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorist groups usually want to share the information with everyone. One Example is, that Hamas have on their official homage a receipt for homemade poison. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Terrorism <ul><li>Usage of Internet for terrorists 4/4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They also use the internet to stay in contact with other terrorist groups. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning and Coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is used as communication media for planning their attacks. One Example for that is that after the Sept. 11 th , they found thousands of encrypted texts of Al Qaeda. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Al Qaeda <ul><li>Sunni Islamistic group </li></ul><ul><li>Founded between 1988 and 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for assassination 11/9/2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// =VG7GDEDjQA4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many web platforms, but most got disabled </li></ul>
  14. 14. Al Jazeera <ul><li>Official English hompage </li></ul><ul><li>http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker for Al Qaeda </li></ul><ul><li>Founded as news channel </li></ul><ul><li>Got famous and big through Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now they have many different channels and different languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And many live streams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Al Jazeera is nowadays a very big broadcast network. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Al Jazeera
  16. 16. Bibliography <ul><li>BBC (2001). What is terrorism? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Different Definations of Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Knickmeyer, E. (2008). Al-Qaeda Web Forums Abruptly Taken Offline. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Offizial English Hompage of Al Jazeera. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Talbot, D. (2005). Terror's Server - How radical Islamists use internet fraud to finance terrorism and exploit the internet for Jihad propaganda and recruitment </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bibliography <ul><li>Timothy, T. (2003). Al Qaeda and the Internet: The Danger of “Cyberplanning” </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Weimann, G. (2004). WWW.Terror.Net: How Modern Terrorism Uses the Internet. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Weimann, G. (2008). Mass-Media Theater: Planning terrorist actions with the media as a major consideration </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Weimann, G (2009). Virtual Terrorism: How Modern Terrorists Use the Internet </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia, Al Qaeda </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>